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2000-2002 Catalog 


Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Maj ors 27 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 1 03 

Campus and Student Life 104 

Admission 108 

Financial Aid Ill 

Expenses 124 

Faculty 130 

Administration 135 

Board of Trustees 137 

Academic Calendars 138 

Index 140 

Campus Map 142 

Correspondence Directory 143 

On the Cover 

The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis linne, 
is a fitting symbol for the waterfront home of 
the Eckerd College Tritons. 


St. Petersburg, Florida 


The basic mission of Eckerd College is to aid the personal development of humane 
and competent persons of all ages to learn, lead, and serx^e in the local, national, 
and even international realms of a pluralistic and increasingly complex society. In 
so doing, Eckerd College has as its ultimate aims to assist persons to fulfill their 
God given potential, to improve the quality of life in our society at large and, more 
specifically, to contribute to the vitality of congregations which are local expres- 
sions of the Christian Church. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of 
Science degrees. A coeducational college of die liberal arts and sciences, it is related 
by covenant to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located on 267 
acres of tropical waterfront property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College and admitted its 
first students in 1960. In 1972, die college's name was changed to honor Jack M. 
Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and businessman whose gifts and commit- 
ments to the institution have helped to insure its continuing excellence. More 
than 8,000 graduates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and service in commu- 
nities throughout the world. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational 
adventure. As you read this document, you should 
be aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history and planning. These 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them 
have enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive 
among the 3,000 colleges and universities in the 
United States. 


The primary purpose of the educational program is 
to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the basic 
responsibilities of life, and especially for compe- 
tent, humane leadership and service. We are 
vitally concerned with the development of whole 
persons, and therefore encourage the intellectual, 
spiritual, cultural, social, emotional and physical 
growth of each student. While education is a 
lifelong process the Eckerd experience is designed 
to assist students to go beyond the limitations 
imposed by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, 
self-centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct; and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian com- 
mitment, the college maintains an active cov- 
enant relationship with the Presbyterian Church, 
(U.S.A.); however, the college community is not 
narrowly sectarian. It includes among its faculty, 
students, and staff individuals o{ many denomina- 
tions, faiths and points of view. 

As a church-related college community, we seek 
to give the Christian faith a full hearing in a 
setting where students are free to accept or reject, 
but not ignore it. Confident in the belief that all 

truth is of God, we seek to develop an atmosphere 
of free and open inquiry into all aspects of faith 
and knowledge. Our aim is to assist students to 
clarify their beliefs, assess their values, and learn to 
act responsibly on the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty aca- 
demic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who seeks to 
facilitate the total growth of students and helps 
them to get the most out of their college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a 
reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship and 
artistic creativity and, wherever possible seek to 
involve students in these enterprises. The 
intention of the faculty is to provide an educa- 
tional environment characterized by high expecta- 
tion, personal attention and enthusiasm for 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field of 
study, it is equally committed to general education. 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for their 
own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn term project, 
composition, computation, foreign language, and 
the Western Heritage in a Global Context 
sequence in the first year; one course in each of 
five value-oriented perspectives in the second and 
third year; and a course in the Quest for Meaning 
in the Senior year. 


The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students 
prepare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty' formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to 
supplement and adapt the formal curriculum to 
their particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, jobs, 
and other off-campus learning experiences, both 
in this country and abroad, enable students to 
integrate theory' and practice, and help them to 
clarify- their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 
process, faculty engage students in the learning of 
science, theatre, management and other disci- 
plines by doing. The aim is to assist each student to 
become a self-directed, competent, humane 
person capable of making a significant contribu- 
tion to society. 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Students 
come to campus from more than 40 states and 30 
foreign countries. They enroll from urban, 
suburban, and rural areas; from developed and 
developing countries; and from a variety of 
cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus 
enriches the total educational experience as 
students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the basis 
for a sense of community, which is enhanced by 
worship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures, and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students reside 
on campus, they have the enriched experiences 
that occur when people are learning both how to 
learn and how to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown the 
will to improve education, and the vision and 
courage to take steps that will facilitate the growth 
of students. Many of its programs of interdiscipli- 
nary study, independent study, international 
education, values inquiry, and student orientation 
and advising have become models for other 
educational institutions. Within the context of its 
objectives as a church-related college of the liberal 
arts and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 


Every student upon entering Eckerd College is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following 
statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the 
values embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and 
sciences. Inherent in this commitment is the 

1. To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen of the college community. 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by college re- 
gulations and to work with others to prevent the 
following behaviors that threaten the freedom and 
respect that members of the Eckerd community 

1 . Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3 . Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation of a college community 
in which they can take pride. 


Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of Ameri- 
can colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of educating 
its students, not in order to be different, but to offer a 
more rewarding and useful educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter term." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
terms of an academic year with a one month 
period of study on a single topic.) The winter term 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation was 
created and tested first on the Eckerd College 
campus; then other colleges found it so exciting 
that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional 
faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and personal 
growth. You choose your own Mentor before you 
enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors 
and projects. In your Freshman year, you will take 
at least one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you may 
choose a new Mentor — a specialist in your area of 
academic concentration. The two of you will continue 
to plan your academic program, including indepen- 

dent and directed studies, internships, off-campus 
programs, work experience, career planning, foreign 
study, and the many other options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. The 
fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks in length, 
and are each followed by examination periods. 
Courses during the semester are offered for the full 
fourteen weeks, and ordinarily a full-time student will 
enroll for four of these courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen occurs 
prior to the beginning of the fall semester, while 
the four week winter term (January) falls between 
the two regular semesters. During these shorter 
terms, students will enroll for no more than one 
academic project at a time. This format provides 
for independent investigation of a topic in a 
concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in mid- August, when you enroll for 
autumn term. In contrast to the usual Freshman 
orientation of two or three days, autumn term lasts 
three weeks. It is designed for Freshmen only, and 
provides an intensive foretaste of college living 
and academic work. 

EXiring autumn term, you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project is 
stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature of 
learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. Autumn term 
provides an excellent opportunity for certain kinds 
of interest and competency testing that will allow 
you to begin your academic program in courses that 
are best suited to your current stage of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working, and playing in a college community. The 
student Resident Adviser in your residence hall will 
be on hand during autumn term to help you make 
the transition into college life. In fact, the entire 
staff of the college and the autumn term faculty will 
participate with you in periods of inquiry, reflection, 
and fiin. The sense of community that develops will 
assist you to take full advantage of the opportunities 
and resources available on campus. By the time the 
upperclass students return in September, you will be 
well established in campus life. For more informa- 
tion about autumn term see page 103. 


An important part of your studies throughout your 
career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year, you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and II that will 
explore the cultural riches ot the past. Your 
discussion sections in these courses will be led by 
your Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate proficiency in oral communication 
skills and the ability to use information technol- 
ogy in the first year cultural heritage course and 
later in your chosen major; demonstrate writing 
competency by assembling a portfolio of your 
collegiate writing for evaluation by the faculty; 
take one college level computation course or 
demonstrate competency by examination; take 
one year of a foreign language or demonstrate 
competency at the first year by evaluation of the 
language faculty. 

During your years at Eckerd you will also take at 
least one course from each of four academic areas 
— the arts, humanities, natural sciences, and 
social sciences — and one course designated as an 
environmental perspective and one designated as 
a global perspective. 

Seniors will take a course, Quest for Meaning, that 
will focus on issues of meaning, purpose, and 
value, with special attention to the Judaeo- 
Christian perspective. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. You 
may enroll in projects designed by professors, or 
design your own with the sponsorship of a 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you to 
select a subject, gather information, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a painting, a 
performance, or a piece of equipment. Freshmen 
may take a winter term in addition to autumn 
term, and substitute a fifth winter term for one of 
the 32 courses required for graduation. The winter 
term in the Senior year is usually spent working on 
a comprehensive examination or senior thesis or 
project required for completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program. 

making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4- 1 -4 colleges 
in sponsoring winter term projects abroad or in 
major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many winter term projects include 
at least eight contact hours per week, which meets 
the Veteran's Administration standards for full 
tuition benefits. For more information about 
winter term see page 103. 

For a special Freshman Bridge program during 
winter term, see the Foundation Collegium, #5, 
page 7. 


During the past few years, educators have become 
aware that the traditional division of learning into 
academic "departments" is not necessarily the best 
way to organize the educational process. Increas- 
ingly popular among colleges is the interdiscipli- 
nary major, in which the student combines courses 
from two or more disciplines to form an individual 
academic program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage new 
combinations of studies and demonstrate the 
interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; persons 
communicating without artificial obstacles to 
discourse) pursuing a common objective (which in 
Eckerd's case is learning). The word vividly 
describes what we are trying to do: to bring you 
(the student) together with a highly knowledge- 
able person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one 
another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master them. 
You learn mathematics and physics in similar 
ways, for example; but you learn dance differently, 
and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach to their subject. You will do the same. 
At the end of your Freshman year you will focus 
upon a major or area of concentration and affiliate 
with the collegium that best suits your perception 
of that study. Your concentration does not have to 
lie in a single field, such as history or biology. You 
can create your own concentration by combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 

career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, you 
can combine economics and biology, thus creating 
your own concentration to fit your own goal. The 
collegium concept makes this interdisciplinary 
approach to learning a natural one that is easy to 

Eckerd sees the members oi a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to the 
learning process; students are expected to become 
independent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own 
decision-making group, composed of professors 
and students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps unique, 
program for all Freshmen through the Foundations 
Collegium. This is the first-year home for students, 
helping them to establish a foundation tor their 
upper-level studies. The collegium's program 
includes four important parts: 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid August 
to take a three-week course before the opening of 
the fall semester early in September. During this 
time, they also complete their testing, orientation, 
and registration. Freshmen choose from 18 
projects limited to about 20 students each. The 
professor for that course will be the Mentor for 
those students. 

2. The Mentor ship. Eckerd College has expanded 
the notion of the academic adviser to allow more 
help, care, and encouragement to its students. 
Each Freshman has a Mentor from the faculty who 
helps to guide him or her through the Freshman 

3. Western Heritage in a Global Context. All 

Freshmen are required to take Western Heritage in 
a Global Context 1 (fall) and Western Heritage in 
a Global Context 11 (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of civiliza- 
tion and introduce Freshmen to the themes of 
Eckerd College's general education program. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context courses are 
interdisciplinary, using lecture and discussion 
formats. The discussion sections are the same 
groups, with the same instructor, as the autumn 
term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, foreign language, 
information technology, oral, and quantitative 
skills. For more details see page 16 under Degree 
Requirements, and under Composition in the 
course listings. Foundations also provides a 
Writing Center to assist students with their 
writing and an oral communication laboratory to 
help them improve their speaking skills. 

5. The Leadership and Self -Discovery Program. 

First year students have the opportunity to 
participate in an optional winter term designed 
specially for them. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Program, taught by various members of 
the Eckerd College staff, enables students to 
develop a better understanding of their own 
personal attributes and possibilities while improv- 
ing their learning skills, life planning skills, and 
leadership skills. The goal of LSDP, which 
combines worthwhile learning with enjoyable 
experiences, is to provide first year students with 
the enhanced skills and knowledge that will help 
them get the most from an Eckerd College 
education. Participants receive a final grade of 
Credit or No Credit and earn a credit towards 
graduation. Cost of the program is $300 plus room, 
board, and fees. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime — are problems of human 
behavior. Therefore, there is much to be gained by 
developing methodological and conceptual tools 
to understand better both individual and collec- 
tive behavior. Students will take introductory 
courses in psychology or sociology. In addition, 
courses are available in the fields of economics, 
sociology, psychology, management, political 
science, business administration, finance, account- 
ing, marketing, and statistics. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of human 
cultural achievements through languages, area 
studies, anthropology, international business, and 
related disciplines. The Collegium serves as both a 
window and a gateway to the cultures of the world: 
a window for those who learn in the classroom from 
professors who have lived and studied in other 
cultures; a gateway for those who wish to visit these 
cultures after preparatory study on campus. 
Language study in Chinese, French, German, 
Italian, Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be 
integrated into a major program, an interdiscipli- 
nary concentration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out a 
student's liberal arts program. Anthropology allows 
students to learn about the peoples and cultures of 
the world, past and present, while becoming well 
versed in the research methods, theoretical 
perspectives (such as culture change) and practice 
applications of anthropology in today's world. Some 
students may decide to plan their studies around a 
particular area of the world. In such cases, the 
International Education office gives assistance in 
planning appropriate study-abroad experiences. 
Comparative Cultures graduates have chosen 
careers in teaching, interpreting, foreign service, 
religious vocations or international business. 


Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated to 
promoting the development of creativity in each 
person and the integration of the physical, 
emotional, intellectual, and spiritual dimensions 
of the self. Sharing a belief in the value of 
experiential learning, members of the Collegium 
recognize that students learn as much through 
experiencing the creative process as in the 
completion of a product. In addition to the 
programs in art, music, theatre, and creative 
writing, where students are encouraged to explore 
and express their talents within the context of 
freedom with responsibility, the Collegium 
includes the human development, where learning 
to help others realize their full potential is the 
primary goal. Interdisciplinary study, independent 
work, and application of knowledge in the 
community are fostered in the Creative Arts 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present — their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. The study of who we are by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the relevance, 
vitality", and excitement of our program. This 
humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background for 
a wide variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the 
experience of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings 
together biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and those 
interested in the health professions, including 
medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry and 
medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, experimental 
design, problem-solving, research and the study of the 
principles and concepts that are necessary to successful 

scientific investigation. The programs in the natural 
sciences are geared to provide students with informa- 
tion and techniques that can be applied to the 
problems of a changing society. 


The library supports the educational mission of 
the college by providing facilities, resources and 
services designed to enhance the student's learning 
experience. In this constantly changing and 
increasingly complex world the ability to locate 
and use needed information has become a crucial 
skill. The primary goal of the library staff is to 
help students achieve competency in making use 
of available knowledge. Instruction in the 
effective use of library resources begins in Autumn 
Term and progresses through upperclass levels 
where students are encouraged to make use of 
sophisticated computer technology, as well as 
more traditional print resources. During all four 
years the emphasis is on providing the personal 
attention that makes for a quality learning 

Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate 
students and conveniently located in the center of 
the campus, the library's book collection contains 
approximately 125,000 carefully selected volumes. 
In addition, the library' subscribes to approxi- 
mately 900 periodicals and provides access to 
thousands of others through a variety of electronic 
resources. The librar^^'s catalog and electronic 
subscriptions are accessible via both the campus 
Intranet and, in most cases, the World Wide Web. 
To augment its own holdings, the library has a 
reciprocal borrowing agreement with the Poynter 
Library at the University of South Florida - St. 
Petersburg and provides computerized interlibrary 
loan access to thousands of other libraries 
throughout the United States. 

Quiet carrels and carpeted lounge areas inter- 
spersed throughout the open stack collections 
provide an open and inviting environment for 
study and leisure reading. Indeed, openness is a 
hallmark of the Eckerd experience. The library 
staff prides itself in being approachable, in 
providing individual attention, and in teaching 
students how to effectively and efficiently navigate 
the complex information maze. To learn more 
about the library, visit our web site at <http://>. 


The cocurricular program recognizes the fact that 
some of the most valuable learning experiences 
happen outside the classroom. Students have the 
opportunity to get involved in organizations and 
activities guided by themselves. 

The program offers something other colleges are 
now only beginning to emulate. Graduates have 
not only a transcript of what they have done 
outside of the classroom. The Cocurricular 
Transcript can be a valuable supplement when 
applying for jobs, graduate work, fellowships, and 
other post-graduate opportunities. To begin this 
transcript, stop by Campus Activities, located in 
Brown Hall in the Hough Student Center. 

There are five major cocurricular areas in which 
you can be involved. It is expected that you will 
document your involvement in all the areas 
while at Eckerd. 


You will have the opportunity to engage in 
significant service activities that help the student 
to develop leadership and other interpersonal 
skills, make a significant contribution to the 
welfare of others, and encourage a lifelong 
commitment to service. 

Career Exploration 

You will have the opportunity to explore the 
relationship of your undergraduate experience to 
the world of work and your occupational skills and 
interests; to apply and enhance acquired knowl- 
edge in career-related situations; and to establish 
enduring beneficial relationships with persons 
engaged in occupations or professions related to 
your interests. 

Physical/Personal Development 

You will have the opportunity to engage in 
activities that help you develop an awareness of 
the importance of personal and physical 
well-being and to acquire skills that contribute to 
a sense of well-being. 


You will have the opportunity to develop the skills 
and abilities necessary to be an effective leader 
and contributor to the larger society. 

Honors and Awards 

You will have the opportunity to document the 
recognition you receive from the college or other 
groups and organizations. 


In recent years, Eckerd college has made major 
investments in information technology. A fiber 
optic network using high-speed ATM technology has 
been extended to every dormitory, classroom 
building and office building on campus. There are 
general purpose computing labs, including small labs 
in dormitory clusters, and more specialized labs, such 
as the scientific computing lab and those in the 
physics, chemistry, biology, marine science, math- 
ematics, psychology, and creative arts areas. 
Microsoft Office and many specialized software 
packages are installed on these systems or accessible 
via local area networks. Scanning stations, laser and 
color ink jet printers and other peripheral equipment 
are also provided. Full-time professional staff and 
student lab assistants serve the campus community in 
many of these labs and in other settings as well. 

Each student has an email account, and on- 
campus residents have voice mail and cable TV 
available in their dorm rooms. Dorms, classrooms, 
and labs are wired into the campus network and 
connected to the Internet through a high-speed 
Tl line. Many classrooms and auditoriums have 
permanent video-data projectors, and there is also 
a video production studio. The library has a state- 
of-the-art automation system and a multitude of 
information resources available on the World 
Wide Web and on CD-ROMs. 

The Director of Instructional Technology Pro- 
grams serves as an in-house consultant to faculty 
who want to redesign their courses to make better 
use of technology, and the Academic Resource 
Center provides hardware, software, and network- 
ing support to those faculty members. 

Eckerd College intends to remain technologically 
advanced and to provide both its students and its 
faculty with tools that can make the academic 
process both more effective and more efficient. 



Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministry, engineering, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, human 
development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 
ships rather than by professional and pre- 
professional courses that tend to limit the scope 
and quality of liberal education. Students in 
management take certain specialized courses, such 
as accounting, and prepare themselves through 
internships carefully planned with the Mentor of 
the management program. Similarly, human 


relations occupations involve a thorough liberal 
arts base, to which are added supervised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet the 
particular interest and need of the student. 


Eckerd College's Human Resource Institute 
includes the Personnel and Global Human 
Resources Management program which studies the 
ways in which organizations and societies produce 
behaviors to achieve their objectives; the Human 
Resources Measurement program which studies 
the processes used to evaluate human resource 
management; and the Human Resources Asso- 
ciation which facilitates cooperative relationships 
between the Institute and organizations interested 
in advancing human resources management and 
measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the 
University of Michigan in 1969 by William Pyle. 
It moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when Dr. Pyle 
joined the faculty as professor of management and 
Director of the Human Resource Institute. Dr. 
Pyle in currently the Harold D. Holder Professor 
of Management and International Business at 
Eckerd College. 

Since its inception, over one hundred Fortune 500 
and other major firms in the U.S. and abroad have 
sought to advance personnel and human resources 

management and measurement research through 
their financial support of the Institute. 

The Institute works closely with Eckerd College's 
academic programs including the college's 
concentration in Personnel and Global Human 
Resource Management by involving students in its 
industry research projects and encouraging its 
business and industry association members to 
provide students with work experience, intern- 
ships, and career opportunities. 


The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one of 
many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in applied science or 
one of many engineering disciplines including 
electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, 
textile, nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineer- 
ing. Students complete all requirements for majors 
at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the 
Junior level. In general, students take Calculus I, 
11, and III; Differential Equations; Chemistry I and 


II; Physics I and II; and Introduction to Computer 
Science, along with the general education 
requirements and the requirements of an Eckerd 
College major. Some of the courses required for 
the Eckerd College major may be completed at the 
other institution. The detailed curriculum depends 
on the student's choice of engineering college and 
specific degree program. Students may attend an 
engineering winter term before they transfer to the 
engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted to 
an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in two 
years. The student is then awarded degrees from 
both Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, Columbia 
University' and Georgia Institute of Technology. 
Students may also apply to engineering schools 
with which we do not have formal agreements. 
Many engineering schools accept transfer stu- 
dents. Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engineering 
at the Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, it 
is vital for dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their career at Eckerd College. 


Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and 
Army ROTC program through cross-enrollment 
agreement with the University of South Florida in 

Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and 
guaranteed a position in the active Air Force. 
Completion of 12-16 course hours of instruction 
and enrollment in a weekly, non-credit leadership 
laboratory are required of all students. 

Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of four courses in military science, a weekly 
leadership laboratory, and one summer camp, are 
commissioned in the United States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, and 
scholarships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified students. See ROTC under the course 
description section of this catalog. 


The purpose of the Farris and Victoria Rahall 
Communication Program is to help students 
develop effective oral communication skills; teach 
the fundamental principles of fair, responsible and 
ethical journalism; and provide practical experi- 
ence through internships. In addition to offering 
courses in media ethics, the Rahall Professor of 
Communications works closely with faculty across 
the curriculum to provide opportunities for 
student to develop their speaking skills, and with a 
variety of media firms in the Tampa Bay area to 
place students on internships in the communica- 
tion industry. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
student learning by helping them to become more 
organized in investigating and more articulate in 
formulating ideas. Working closely with the 
Foundations Collegium, the staff and tutors of the 
Writing Center aid students who wish to improve 
writing skills and competence in research. 
Assistance is offered to all Eckerd students, with 
special workshops on preparation of Writing 
Competency portfolios, tutoring for non-native 
writers, consulting on Senior theses, and indi- 
vidual help on all writing tasks. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
desktop publishing, CD-ROM databases, software 
for collaborative writing, word processing, data 
graphics, design, page layout, hypermedia; a library 
of composition theory and pedagogy; professional 
and peer consultants. 



Through its Center for the Applied Liberal Arts 
(CALA), Eckerd College provides off-campus and 
experiential learning opportunities aimed at 
enhancing students' academic and personal 
development, and bridging their transition from 
college to graduate study or employment. The 
programs of the Center include study abroad 
experiences, domestic and international intern- 
ships, service learning opportunities, career 
planning assistance, and graduate and professional 
school admissions resources. The Center is 
comprised of the Office of International Education 
and Off-Campus Programs, the Career Services 
Program, and the Office of the Associate Dean 
and Director of CALA. Adjunct resources also 
are drawn from the Office of Campus Activities 
and the Campus Ministry Program. 

The approach of the center is integrative and 
holistic. The student is encouraged to begin the 
process of career exploration early and, with his or 
her mentor, plan an academic program, internship 
experiences, service learning projects, and study 
abroad experiences that both flow from and 
enhance the student's ongoing process of career 
exploration. Students face a myriad of career 
choices and a graduate school and employment 
environment that is dynamic and competitive. 
From the moment that first year students arrive for 
Autunm Term, the resources of the Center are 
available to assist them. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures, and 
tries to give every student the chance to study 
abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 
overseas programs, including short terms in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Programs 
are led by Eckerd faculty members who have 
professional expertise in the country visited. 
Projects vary each year, but typically programs are 
available in such places as Italy, England, Greece, 
Austria, Mexico, Russia, South America, Asia, 
and the Caribbean. 

Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available in 
London where the Eckerd College Study Centre is 
staffed by both American and British faculty. 
Eckerd also has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan - Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya - and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea as well 
as with United Kingdom institutions in Plymouth, 
Aberdeen, and Glasgow. Through our affiliation 
with the International Student Exchange Program 
(ISEP) many exchange opportunities worldwide 
are available, and recently students have spent a 
year or semester in locations such as Sweden, 
Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Australia, 
Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, and France. 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to their 
particular academic needs. 

Summer Term Abroad 

Study abroad opportunities may be available 
during the summer months in a variety of loca- 
tions. Offerings change from year to year, and may 
cover a broad range of topics. The Program for 
Experienced Learners (PEL), in cooperation with 
the International Education office, plans summer 
term programs that are open to all students. 
Previous programs have included study/travel to 
London, Paris, Greece, and Mexico. The Interna- 
tional Education office provides catalogs and 
resource materials for students to review when 
planning independent study/travel projects.. 


Our academic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January), one semester 
( 14 weeks), and up to a full academic year. 
Upperclass students are encouraged to take 
advantage of programs and facilities not available 
at Eckerd through the off-campus program. It is 
possible to participate in group projects with a 
faculty leader or to contract independent studies 
of the student's own design. During winter term 
(January), group projects such as an archaeological 
dig in the Southwest, government operations in 
Washington, DC, or urban problems in Chicago 
are possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, the 


Argonne Laboratories, marine research, and at an 
Indian reservation. The winter term, through 
cooperation with other schools having a similar 
calendar, provides for intensive projects on other 
campuses throughout the United States. 

The Off-Campus Programs office in CALA assists 
students in making arrangements, preparing 
contracts, and providing information and ideas 
related to various choices. The subject of the 
project determines the particular off-campus 


A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social, and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range plans. 
Further, they stress the value of a solid liberal arts 
background for business or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Career Services Program offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group 
diagnostic career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning, and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences or observation either 
with a professional person or in a special social 
environment; paid work experiences related to 
current academic studies and long-range career 
goals; discipline internships such as community 
studies, leisure studies, or management; and 
placement services to assist you in finding 
part-time and summer employment while in 
school, but primarily to enable you to select either 
the appropriate post-graduate education or the 
vocational career that fits your personal aptitudes, 
desires, and objectives. 


Among the better ways for a student to test the 
waters of an intended career path, or gain neces- 
sary experience in a field, is to complete a formal 
internship, shadow a working professional, or 
engage in a service learning activity. The com- 
bined resources of the offices of Career Services, 
Campus and Volunteer Activities, and Campus 
Ministry enable the Center for Applied Liberal 
Arts to offer students a variety of options in 
experiential and community-based learning. 

The Center maintains a bank of cooperating sites 
in which to place students in paid or unpaid field 
experiences in a variety of fields and academic 
disciplines. A student may pursue a field experi- 
ence as a co-curricular activity or, when appropri- 
ate, as a formal credit-bearing internship. Such an 
internship requires the approval and sponsorship 
of an Eckerd College faculty member. 

The responsibilities that constitute the shared 
commitment ot members of the Eckerd commu- 
nity include the responsibility to seek out opportu- 
nities to prepare for a life of leadership and service. 
Students may pursue community service as a co- 
curricular volunteer activity or as a part of a class 
that has been designed by the professor with a 
service option or requirement. Such a class 
integrates a relevant service experience into the 
work of the course in ways that address specific 
community needs while furthering the learning 
objectives of the course. Courses that have a 
service learning option or requirement that have 
been offered both on campus and in conjunction 
with travel experiences to other regions of the 
country or the world. 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a semester of credit in an 
academic, scientific, and practical experience 
leading to a realistic understanding of the sea, 
sponsored by the Sea Education Association, Inc. 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six- week sea component) for a 


practical laboratory experience. For course 
descriptions see page 87. Students interested in 
the Sea Semester are required to make application 
through the International Education and Off- 
Campus Programs office. 


Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. ^X^ile we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education page 13) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a truly cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 40 
different nations to pursue a variety of studies 
here. There are two distinct groups of interna- 
tional students at Eckerd College: those who study 
in the ELS Language Center and those who are 
degree seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the 
Festival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment, 
and ethnic delicacies from around the world. 


The summer tenn is an eight-week term consisting 
of two four-week sessions. Courses are available in 
June (session A), July (session B), and through the 
ffiU eight-week summer term. A preliminary 
announcement of courses and fees is published in 
April. Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and 
students enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for admission. 
High school students who have completed their 
Sophomore year and present evidence (usually a 
transcript and a recommendation from a principal 
or counselor) of their ability to do introductory 
level college work, are eligible for admission with a 
scholarship which covers 50 percent of the regular 
tuition. Students entering Eckerd in the summer 
with the intention of becoming degree candidates 
must make formal application for admission to the 
Dean of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed during 
the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional information about summer term courses 
maybe obtained from the Summer School office. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree-completion program designed specifically 
for adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet 
have career or personal obligations which keep 
them from enrolling in a more traditional degree 
program. Because of the flexible and personal 
nature of the program, most students are able to 
continue working friU-time while pursuing the 
bachelor's degree. 


PEL was founded on the belief that learning is not 
necessarily limited to a fomial classroom setting. 
Credit may be awarded when experiential learning 
is comparable to academic coursework, relevant to 
academic goals, and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1 . Applicants must be at least 25 years of age. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for "C" 
or better grades will be awarded when 
coursework is appropriate for a liberal arts and 
sciences education and is relevant to career 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives and the 
ability and motivation to benefit from the 

4. Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning and Vocation 
course with a C or better grade. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

Hie Bachelor's degree requires successful comple- 
tion of a minimum of 36 courses. Students may 
meet degree requirements through transfer credit, 
experiential learning, formal courses, directed or 
independent study, tutorials, travel/study pro- 
grams, and residential program courses. PEL offers 
courses in St. Petersburg, north Pinellas County, 
Tampa, Ocala, and Sarasota. 

Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of 
Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same 
degrees conferred in the residential program. 
Students pursue a variety of majors or con- 
centrations, including business management, 
human development, organizational studies, 
American studies, interdisciplinary humanities, 
creative writing, and others. The degree preserves 
the basic features of the Eckerd College program 
by emphasizing the liberal arts as part of each 

student's education, but also recognizes the 
importance of relating general knowledge to 
special career concerns. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, Federally Insured 
Student Loans, and VA benefits. 

When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, it set PEL tuition rates 
considerably lower than those for the Residential 
Program. Given this tuition discount, Eckerd 
College scholarships that are available for students 
in the Residential Program may not be used in the 
Program for Experienced Learners. 

Another popular form of financial assistance for 
the PEL students is through tuition reimbursement 
programs sponsored by private corporations and 
government agencies. Many PEL students have 
found that their employers are very cooperative in 
helping to meet their college expenses. Informa- 
tion on private loans and payment plans is also 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, ad- 
missions requirements, and the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained by writing: 
Program for Experienced Learners Eckerd College, 
4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 
33711. Or call: (727) 864-8226; e-maib 
eckpelds@eckerd . edu 


The Eckerd College Alumni Association (ECAA) 
has as its dual mission to provide support and 
services for the alumni of Eckerd College and to 
support Eckerd College in its mission to provide 
the best possible educational experiences to the 
students of today and tomorrow. To this end, the 
ECAA is involved with communications, events, 
and annual student scholarship support through a 
variety of programs that range from regular 
publications, special events, and a network of over 
20 chapters and clubs, to cooperative program- 
ming with Academics, Admissions, Career 
Services, the Eckerd College Organization of 


Students, International Education, and Student 
Affairs. Offering a platform for a life-long 
relationship with Eckerd College, the ECAA's 
activities are directed by a 25-member board of 
directors, and are supported by the professional 
staff of the Offices of Alumni Relations and 
Institutional Advancement. Inquiries should be 
addressed to Director, Alumni Relations, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54''' Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33711. Phone (727) 864-8219; fax (727) 
864-8423; email: Web site 


The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College ( ASPEC) has a mission to continue to 
enrich the quality of life and learning through 
engagement with members, students, faculty and the 
community. It is devoted to the development of 
multi-generational collegiate learning, scholarly 
activity, research, writing and the encouragement of 
individual or group projects of importance to 
members, to the college and the broader community. 

ASPEC is a unique membership organization, 
composed of persons who have distinguished 
careers in education, business, the arts and 
sciences, government service, diplomacy, religion, 
medicine and health care, human services, 
engineering, military and similar endeavors. 
Through lectures, forums, publications, and 
special projects members continue to share and to 
contribute to human knowledge. 

Through both the Faculty and Student Colleague 
programs, career counseling, and other formal 
and information contacts, members contribute 
their knowledge and experience in and out of 
the classroom. 

ASPEC is designed for those who have and will 
continue to "make a difference" in their profes- 
sions and communities. Its members enrich their 
cultural experiences, make constructive contribu- 
tions to society, and pursue their own interests in 
collaboration with congenial colleagues within the 
multi generational educational community of 
Eckerd College. 

Most members have a home within a fifty mile 
radius of St. Petersburg and are in the region for at 
least three months of the year. 

Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, 
ASPEC, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue 

South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. Phone (727) 
864-8834; fax (727) 864-2964; e-mail: Web site address: http:// 
www. eckerd . edu/aspec . 



In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least four semesters and two 
short terms, including the Senior year, in the 
college or in an approved off-campus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty using 
forms available in the Office of the Registrar. 
Petitions must include detailed reasons for the 
request, and receive prior approval from the 
student's Mentor and coUegial chairperson. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of 
the Dean of Faculty, the following requirements 
must be ffilfilled by all students in order to qualify 
for formal recommendation by the faculty for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses, plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and a winter term project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 

b. The winter term project in the Senior 
year normally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses, 
or projects. 

2. Composition competency: students must 
submit a portfolio of their own compositions 
to be evaluated. Specifications for the 
contents of the portfolios are available from 
the Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are essays, 
reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit their portfolio for evaluation before 
the second semester of the Junior year. 

Students may not register for Senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 


without having received writing competency 
for their portfolio. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; students whose 
portfolios are judged inadequate must take a 
composition course before resubmitting their 

Since portfolio evaluation is conducted only 
twice each year, students are strongly urged to 
consult with their Mentors and the Writing 
Center staff well before the March and 
October deadlines, and to submit their 
portfolios before completing eighteen course 

3. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level, or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered proficiency 
examination or the equivalent as determined 
by the language faculty. 

4- Information technology competency as 
demonstrated in the first year cultural 
heritage course and in the major or concen- 

5. Oral competency (general), as demonstrated 
in the first year cultural heritage course and in 
the major or concentration 

6. Quantitative competency (normally in the 
Freshman year): one college level mathemat- 
ics, computer science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the computer 
as a major learning tool, designated by an M 
following the course number. Competency 
may also be satisfied by passing an appropriate 
proficiency examination administered by the 

7. Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 

II. First-time college students who enter with 
advanced standing as a result of credit and/or 
advanced placement earned in high school 
are still required to complete at least one 
semester of WHF Students for whom English 
is a second language and who have not 
resided in the mainland U.S. for more than 
two years may substitute WHF 183C U.S. 
Area Studies for Western Heritage in a 
Global Context 1, which shall also fulfill the 
requirement for a course within the Global 
Perspective. There is a special section of 
Western Heritage in a Global Context 11 for 
international students. 

8. One course in each of the four academic areas 
(Arts, Humanities, Natural Sciences, and 
Social Sciences) plus one course designated as 
an Environmental Perspective (E) and one 
course designated as a Global Perspective 

Courses in the Arts: Communication (media 
any level; speaking 300 level in higher). 
Creative Arts Collegium (CRA) courses 
(except the Resident Adviser Internship), 
Creative Writing, Music, Theatre, Visual Arts 
(including art history). 

Courses in the Humanities: American 
Studies, Classics, East Asian Humanities, 
Ford: The History of Ideas, Foreign Languages 
(300 level or higher). Letters Collegium 
(LTR) courses. Foreign Languages (300 level 
or higher). History, Literature, Philosophy, 
Religious Studies, Rhetoric (200 level or 
higher). Women's and Gender Studies. 

Courses in the Natural Sciences: Biology, 
Chemistry, Computer Science (200 level or 
higher). Environmental Studies (300 level or 
higher), Marine Science, Mathematics, 
Physics, Natural Sciences Collegium (NAN) 

Courses in the Social Sciences: Anthropol- 
ogy, Behavioral Sciences Collegium (BES) 
courses. Economics, Human Development, 
International Business, International Rela- 
tions, Management, Political Science, 
Psychology, Sociology. 

9. One course in the Senior year in The Quest 
for Meaning. 

10. College Program Series: Students attend at 
least four events each semester of their 
Freshman and Sophomore years from a 
selection of at least twelve events identified 
each semester as part of the College Program 
Series. These events include presentation of 
topics of current interest, artistic events, 
musical or dramatic productions, and events 
focusing on issues of meaning, purpose, and 

1 1 . The completion of a major (from the list of 
35 majors formally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved by three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the 
Registrar's office no later than fall semester of 
the Junior year. 


12. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, thesis, 
or creative project in the major or area of 
concentration with a grade of C or better. 
(This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effective- 
ness of the college's academic programs) . 

Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the course and 
all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-12 above. 

2 . Completion of a maj or or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified by 
each discipline, including not more than one 
of the four required perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline, 
including not more than one of the four required 
perspective courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the Collegium. Interested students 
should consult their Mentors for information on 
gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

Degree Requirements for Transfer 

More than 60 percent of entering freshmen 
(including athletes) eventually graduate from 
Eckerd College. For more information on 
graduation/retention rates, please contact the 
Office of Admissions. 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
transfer student must spend at least four semesters 

and two short terms, including the Senior year, in 
the college or in an approved off-campus program. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
Sophomores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage in a Global Context, foreign language, 
the first year oral communication and first year 
information technology proficiency requirements, 
and quantitative requirements. 

All transfers must meet the following general 
education requirements: composition competency 
(i.e., writing portfolio), oral communication and 
technological competency in their major or 
concentration, and Quest for Meaning,. Transfer 
students may count transfer credits toward 
fulfilling academic area requirements, but must 
complete an Eckerd environmental and global 
perspective course. 


The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford 
Foundation, provides opportunity for 20 selected 
Juniors each year to participate in a two year 
enhanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars, and to encour- 
age them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the Junior 
year in the history of ideas, and do optional 
research with their Faculty Sponsor during the 
summer. In the Senior year, they work closely with 
the Faculty Sponsor in an enhanced major and 
take a Senior Colloquium. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. 


The Fionors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. 
Selected students are brought together for close 
interaction and advanced work, such studies 
receiving permanent recognition on the students' 

A special brochure is available from the Dean of 
Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors Program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special sessions 
of the college's two Freshman core courses. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context I and II, for 


which an extra course credit is awarded. In the 
second and third years of the Honors program, 
participants take two different academic area 
courses that are designated as Honor courses. 
Seniors in the Honors Program participate in a 
colloquium in which they present their Senior 
thesis research, creative projects, or their work for 
comprehensive examinations 

Students who wish to be considered for the Honors 
Program in the Freshman year must file an accept- 
able application for admission to Eckerd College by 
February 15. In addition, interested students must 
file an application for the Presidential Scholarship 
competition by March 1 . The students selected as 
Presidential Scholars will be the group invited to 
the Freshman Honors program. Presidential 
Scholars are chosen by a committee of faculty and 

students on the basis of high school academic 
records, personal essays, teacher recommendations, 
standardized test scores, and evidence of leadership 
and service to others. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional information. 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
Program earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper levels. 
Students who are interested in making application 
to the Honors Program after they are enrolled in 
the college should contact the director of the 
Honors Program. 


The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Alpha Kappa Delta - Sociology 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, an 
overall GPA of 3.0, a major in sociology, a GPA of 
3.0 in sociology courses, and at least four regular 
courses in sociology. The purpose of this society is 
to promote an interest in the study of sociology. 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 3.0 
average in German courses and 2.5 overall. New 
members must be elected unanimously. The 
society meets monthly, sponsors German-related 
events, off-campus speakers, and a weekly kaffee 
klatch for all students of German. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses The 
society recognizes the accomplishments of 
economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing with 
high grade point average, selected on the basis of 
exemplary character, responsible leadership and 
service in campus life. The purpose is to encourage 

good campus citizenship by recognizing significant 
achievement in the various aspects of college life. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathematics 
including Calculus 1 and II with at least a B 
average. The purpose is to promote scholarly 
activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, of 
college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Spanish 
courses, and rank in upper 35 percent of class with 
a minimum of 2.75. The purpose is to promote 
scholarly activity in Spanish among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi ' Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scientific 
research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presenta- 
tion at a scientific meeting, or a senior thesis. The 
purpose is to advance scientific research, encour- 
age interdisciplinary cooperation, and assist the 
wider understanding of science. 



At Eckerd College, efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the faculty 
has approved a number of disciplinary and 
interdisciplinary majors. 

Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course description 
section of this catalog. Students desiring more 
specific information about major programs should 
consult their Mentors, coUegial chairpersons and 
discipline coordinators. A list of the 
faculty-approved majors follows. 

American Studies 

Comparative Literature 
Computer Science 
Creative Writing 
Environmental Studies 




Human Development 


International Business 

International Relations 

and Global Affairs 
International Studies 

Marine Science 
Modem Languages 

Political Science 

Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 
Women's and Gender 

A major or concentration must require at least 
eight but no more than sixteen courses, of which 
at least eight in a discipline major must be in the 
discipline. No major or concentration can require 
more than twelve courses in one discipline. 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 

area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately be approved and have identified with it 
a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must be filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the Junior year. 


Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study, directed 
study, academic work certified by another 
accredited degree granting institution, and 
proficiency demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn term in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a student 
in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 
Each contract must be approved by the Director 

of Independent Study. Independent study 
options are available for both on and off-campus 
opportunities. Freshmen are not permitted to 
take off-campus independent studies. Inde- 
pendent study forms are available from the 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instructor 
and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from the 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. A 
student entering Eckerd College should request 
that a transcript of work done in other institu- 
tions be sent to the Registrar. When the 


transcript has been evaluated, the applicant is 
notified of the credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd 
College students who wish to enroll for part of 
their programs at other institutions should have 
the approval in advance of their Mentors, 
appropriate discipline faculty, and the Registrar. 
For more information on transfer credit, please see 
page 109. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate examina- 
tions. College Level Examination Programs are 

recognized for both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
seepage 110. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a 
student's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 


The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). The instructor of a course may also add a 
plus (+) or minus (-) to a final grade except a plus 
to an A or a plus or minus to an F. All courses in 
which any C grade or higher has been earned shall 
count toward fulfilling degree requirements. A 
course in which any D grade is earned may fulfill 
degree requirements only when any B grade or 
higher is earned in another full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all course 
requirements are not complete by the end of the 
term and that, in the judgment of the instructor, 
extension of deadline is appropriate. Unless an 
earlier deadline is set by the instructor, a student 
will have thirty days into the next regular semester 
to complete the required work. If the work is not 
completed by that time, or the shorter deadline 
imposed by the instructor, the Incomplete will 
automatically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before the 
end of the eighth week of a semester, a grade of W 
is recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. A W that results from an 
involuntary withdrawal must be validated with the 
Registrar at the time of withdrawal or as soon 
thereafter as possible. 


A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester Freshmen. Students desiring this 
grading option must petition for the approval of 
the course instructor, the Mentor, and the Dean of 
Faculty. Petitions must be submitted prior to the 
beginning of a semester or term. Grades of Credit 
and No Credit cannot be subsequently changed to 
letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered on 
the official record of the college. Grades of F will 
not be removed from the transcript. A notation 
will be recorded on the transcript of any substitute 
grade earned. Students may not repeat a course for 
credit unless they receive a D, need to repeat the 
course in order to progress in sequence, and have 
the approval of the instructor and academic dean. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is no 
college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 


Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 


At the close of each semester the Academic 
Review Committee reviews the progress of every' 
student who fails a course, receives a voluntary 
withdrawal (referred to hereafter by W), has more 
D than grades of B or better, is on academic 
probation, or is otherwise identified as not making 
satisfactory academic progress. Mentors, instruc- 
tors and student personnel staff may be consulted. 
The Committee may place on probation or dismiss 
any student who in its judgment is not making 
satisfactory academic progress. In making such 
judgments, the Committee is guided by the 
following standards and notifies the Financial Aid 
office of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by two to five 
courses, or one more D than B or better grades, is 
placed on academic probation. 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind by 

2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind by 

6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling behind 

by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind 

by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better grades 

Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised of how to remove the 
probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have no 
more than two F or W grades in their first semester 
and must have at least one C grade or better in 
order to enroll for a second semester. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by six courses, or 
four more D than B or better grades, in addition 
to being placed on probation, will be notified that 
he or she is subject to dismissal for any additional 
F, D, or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 


A student placed on probation or subject to 
dismissal as a result of F and W grades for a second 
consecutive semester, or as a result of D grades for 
a fourth consecutive semester, is suspended from 
participation in college sponsored extracurricular 
activities, and the directors of the activities 
notified, so that the student may devote full time 
to study. 


Probationary status remains in effect until the 
student completes four courses in Eckerd College 
in one semester with C or better grades and the 
overall number of B or better grades at least equals 
the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by seven courses or 
more, or five or more D than B or better grades, is 
dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular semester by 
the Academic Review Committee. This notice 
also advises the student whether and, if so, when 
and how to be considered for re-admission. 

To apply for re-admission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who shall 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair 
of the Academic Review Committee before 
authorizing readmission. 


A student who is re-admitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for academic 
reasons shall be admitted on probation, but is 
dismissed again if he or she accumulates an 
additional two F grades, or a combination of F and 
W grades that results in falling behind normal 
progress by more than two courses, or three more 
D than B or better grades. 



Withdrawal from the college at any time is official 
only upon the completion oi the withdrawal form 
available in the Registrar's office. Requests for re- 
admission following withdrawal should be sent to 
the Dean of Students. Students may withdraw to 
enroll in another college for courses not available 
here but important to the student's total program. 
Such courses may be transferred upon the student's 
return, but must be appro\'ed in advance by the 
Mentor, discipline faculty and Registrar. Students 
requesting a withdrawal should consult with the 


The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a grade 
point average of 3.75. Students with incomplete 
grades at the time of publication are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with Honors to a 
tew students in each graduating class. The criteria 
and designation for graduation with Honors are: 
High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or above; 
Honors - 3.6 to 3.7 grade point average for courses 
taken at Eckerd College. To be eligible for Honors 
a student must have completed at least 18 Eckerd 
College courses. Students graduating with fewer 
than 1 8 Eckerd College course credits with a grade 
point average of 3.66 or above, will graduate with 
the designation of Distinction. 


Registration dates are listed in the calendar at the 
back of this catalog. Upon completion of proce- 
dures as outlined in registration materials, the 
student's registration is approved by the Controller's 
office and the Registrar. Students who preregister 
late will be charged a $30 fee. Proof of payment 
must accompany the registration. 

All courses for which the student wishes to registrar 
for credit must be listed on the official registration 
form. The student is responsible for every course 
listed and can receive no credit for courses not 
listed on this form. After registration day, official 
changes in registration may be made only through 
official drop/add cards approved by instructors 

whose courses are involved. Unless a course is 
officially dropped, a grade of F will be incurred if 
the students fails to meet the obligations of the 
course. No course may be added after the drop/add 
deadlines which are printed in the calendar in the 
back of this catalog. 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission of 
the instructor. Part-time students or students not 
registered for credit may attend courses as auditors 
subject to formal permission of the instructor and 
payment of an auditor's fee of $430. Entry is made 
on the student's permanent record concerning 
audited classes. A course taken for audit may be 
changed to credit with the instructor's permission, 
if the change is filed with the Registrar by the end 
of the eighth week of a semester. 


Courses may occasionally be canceled because of 
low enrollment; however, should this be the case, 
students will be notified in advance and assisted 
with arranging a satisfactory' substitute. 


In compliance with Section 438 of the "General 
Education Provisions Act," entitled "Family 
Educational Rights and Privacy Act," the follow- 
ing constitutes the College's policy instructing 
students on the procedures available to provide 
appropriate access to personal records while 
protecting the confidentiality' of these records. 

A "student" is defined as one who has attended or 
is attending Eckerd College and whose records are 
in the files of the College Students records in 
which this policy applies do not include files 
retained by individual faculty/staff members which 
are not accessible to any other person except a 
substitute designated by the faculty /staff member. 

Public information is limited to name, address, e-mail 
address, phone, major field of study, dates of atten- 
dance, admission or enrollment status, school or 
division, class standing, degrees and awards, student 
organizations, and sports and athletic information. 

Public information shall be released freely unless 
the student files the appropriate form requesting 
that certain information may not be released. 


This form is available at the Registrar's Office. 
Public information which cannot be restricted 
includes name, enrollment status, degrees, and 
dates of attendance. 

A student's educational record is open to the 
students, with the following exceptions: 

Confidential letters of recommendation placed in 
files prior to January 1, 1975. 

Records of parent's financial status. 

Employment records (see below). 

Medical records (see below). 

The employment records to which students do not 
have access are records kept in the normal course 
of business which relate exclusively to students as 
employees. Medical records are kept in the 
Student Health Center. This office rigidly 
protects the confidentiality o{ those records, but 
they can be reviewed by a physician or appropriate 
professional of the student-patient's choice. 

Student records are open to members of the 
faculty and staff who have a legitimate need to 
know their contents, except where access is 
prohibited by special policies such as those 
governing medical records. The detennination of 
those who have a "legitimate need to know" will 
be made by the person responsible for the mainte- 
nance of the records. This determination must be 
made scrupulously and with respect for the 
individual whose records is involved. 

The College has established the following 
procedures enabling the student to have access to 
his or her record: 

The student may see his or her record by submit- 
ting a written request at the office where the 
records of interest is maintained. 

Access is to be granted promptly and no later than 
thirty days from the date of the request. 

The student may make the request in person or by 
mail, but the request may always be required to be 
in writing. 

The student may obtain upon request copies of 
documents to which he or she is entitled. The 
College may charge for these copies. 

The student may request and receive interpreta- 
tion of his or her record from the person (or 
designee) responsible for the maintenance of the 

If the student considers the record faulty, he or she 
can request and receive review of the case to the 
end that the record will be corrected if judged 
faulty or in violation of privacy. 

Normally, records can be released - or access given 
- to third parties (i.e., anyone not a member of the 
faculty and stafQ only at the written request of the 
student. Without the consent of the student, 
released to third parties may be given only as 

To a specific list of persons, primarily including 
Eckerd College officials. 

To Federal, State, and local officials as required by 

To appropriate persons in an emergency situation 
when necessary to protect the welfare of the 

To parents of a student who is a dependent for 
income tax purposes. 

A student may secure from the Registrar's Office a 
consent form authorizing the release of specified 
records to specific individuals. A notification of 
releases made to third parties must be kept in the 
student's record. This notification is open only to 
the student and the person in charge of the record. 
The third party must be informed that no release 
of personally identifiable data authorized without 
the written consent of the student. 

This policy does not preclude the destruction of any 
record if the College does not consider it germane. 
Persons in charge of records should ensure that only 
pertinent items are retained in student files. 



(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

The third letter indicates the collegium. 
A'Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Comparative 
Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural 
Sciences; F-Foundations; I-lntemational 
(offered abroad). 

Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
coUegial designations CRA-Creative Arts, 
BEB'Behavioral Science, CUC-Comparative 
Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN-Natural Sciences, 
FDF'Foundations, INI-a course offered abroad, 
and QFM indicates Quest for Meaning 
perspective course. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 
course at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 3 
and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or Senior 

5. The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by a letter after 
the third digit: E-Environmental and G-Global. 
Courses which meet the computation require- 
ment are indicated by M after the digits. 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are negotiated 
between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract forms are available in the Registrar's 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar's office. 
Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. Please consult the PEL 
Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor consists of five courses from a 
single major, to be determined by the faculty in charge of the major. 



(Alphabetically by Discipline) 


A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization that focuses upon American experience 
and identity, past and present, using the methods 
and approaches of a variety of academic disciplines, 
as well as the distinctive cultural perspective of 
American Studies. At Eckerd college, the program is 
built around the core disciplines of history, literature, 
political science, and cultural anthropology. In order 
to allow students to shape their courses of study to 
their own intellectual goals, the major may also 
include courses in diverse fields such as philosophy, 
religion, art, economics, women's and gender studies, 
and sociology, provided that the courses are related 
to understanding the society and culture of the 

United States. Each student's program is developed 
in consultation with a faculty committee, and should 
form a consistent pattern of courses in American 
culture and institutions. 

Students who complete the American Studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

- acknowledge of American history, institutions, 
environment, and culture, within an interdis- 
ciplinary perspective, demonstrated by the 
ability to talk and write intelligently about these 

- ability to define and evaluate the core values of 
American culture. 

- knowledge of the development of the field of 
American Studies as an academic discipline. 


American Studies 

understanding of the methods, scope, and 
perspective of the field of American Studies. 

understanding of a core discipline in American 
Studies (e.g., American history, American 
literature, American Government, Cultural 
Anthropology) and how it relates to the larger 
field of American Studies. An understanding of 
how the study of the core discipline is enriched 
by the interdisciplinary approach of American 

- ability to relate the various courses and 

approaches that have been taken as a part of the 
major program, and defend the interdisciplinary 
approach to the study of the United States. 

familiarity with the classic works in American 
Studies that relate the fields of American 
literature and history and the ability to evaluate 
the author's methodology. 

demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methodology and interpretation of 
American Studies. 

A major in American Studies consists of a minimum 
of ten courses. Six of the ten courses must be 
beyond the introductory level. Electives in the 
major should be chosen in consultation with 
discipline faculty. Students who wish to focus on 
minority, ethnic, or women's issues should choose 
appropriate courses within the requirements for the 
American Studies major. Each student majoring in 
American Studies must pass a Senior comprehensive 
examination, or, if invited by the faculty, write a 
Senior thesis. 

The American Studies major should include at least 
five courses from one of the core disciplines of history, 
literature, political science, or cultural anthropology. 
The introductory survey course of the core discipline 
should be chosen in consultation with discipline 
faculty-. In addition, American Studies majors should 
choose at least three American Studies courses, which 
must include AMI 201 and AMI 400, and at least 
one other American Studies course. At least two 
additional courses should be chosen from another 
discipline, and should directly relate to the study of 
American culture and society. In addition to courses 
from another of the core disciplines, students may 
choose courses in the following areas: courses that 
have a comparative perspective or that place 
American culture or society in a global context; 
Cultural Studies courses in media, communication, 
and representation, with a substantial component 
dealing with the United States; courses with an 
African American or Women's and Gender Studies 
emphasis; or courses with an environmental focus, 
with a substantial component dealing with the 
United States. 

For a minor in American Studies, students will take 
five courses, including AML 201 and AML 400, and 
three electives related to American Studies, chosen 
in consultation with discipline faculty. Three of the 
five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

AML 201 Introduction to American Studies 

Significant works and methods of American Studies, 
while surveying cultural themes of American 
identity and issues of American experience. 

AML 306 American Myths, American Values 

Myths in American history, literature, and religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity and history. 

AML 307 Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries, and Reformers 

(Directed Study available) Reform and radical 
ideology of the 19th and 20th centuries. Populism, 
progressivism; na»ionalist, civil rights, peace, 
feminist, environmental movements. 

AML 308 Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture 

(Directed Study available) Changing perspectives 
on what it means to be male or female in the U.S. 
Historical origins and sources of values concerning 
masculinity and femininity. 

AML 311 The Politics of Race in American 

Examining ways in which race was constructed in 
narrative by and for the conventions of a white, 19* 
century reading public and how those ways have 
been "reconstructed" in the 20th century. 

AML 339 The Great Depression and Ameri- 
can Life 

Exploring American life during the Great Depression 
in its social, cultural, and environmental aspects, 
using literature, mass media and on-line archival 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in American 

Integrating, capstone course for American studies 
majors. Develop an understanding of the field as an 
academic discipline and the relationship between 
the various disciplines that make up the field. 


Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity, human origins, 
linguistics, and the application of knowledge to 
current social problems. Those completing the 
anthropology major demonstrate the ability to: 


- define and discuss die differences between the 
biological and the cultural aspects of human- 
kind, and the interdependence of these two 

- conduct literature research and engage in 
scholarly waiting that is logically cohesive and 
properly documented. 

- explain the concept of cultural relativity and 
discuss the implications for intercultural 

- distinguish arguments or positions based on 
sound data and logically reasoned, from those 
which lack sound supporting data and/or rest on 
questionable assumptions. 

They must have: 

- knowledge and experience in the fundamentals 
of empirical research, including anthropological 
methods and techniques of gathering data, data 
analysis, and the writing of a research report. 

- familiarity with a variety of topical, regional and 
applied fields of inquiry. 

- preparedness for graduate programs in the field 
of anthropology and in related multicultural and 
international fields. 

The goals include introducing students to the 
different career choices in the academic world and in 
international business. 

Requirements for the major include successful 
completion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthropo- 
logical Theory, Physical Anthropology, Statistical 
Methods, Linguistics or Field Archaeology; plus 
completion of five other courses in anthropology, 
two of which must be applied courses, and an oral 
comprehensive examination, with a C or better in 
all courses. In addition, anthropology majors must 
participate in at least one overseas study experience 
during their time at Eckerd College, ideally in a 
non- Western culture. Exceptions can be made only 
after consultation with the anthropology faculty. 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in the 
Freshman year or as the foundation course on which 
the succeeding courses are built, and all other 
anthropology courses, with the exception of 
Introduction to Anthropological Research Method- 
ology and Anthropological Theory, which are taken 
in the Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses in 

ANC 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 

Introduction to the four fields of anthropology: 
physical, cultural, linguistics, and archaeology'. 


Includes such topics as economy and exchange, 
religion, political organization, kinship, and gender 
roles, from a comparative perspective. 

ANC 204 Introduction to Archaeology 

Introduction to basic concepts in archaeology which 
provides information for making decisions about the 
role and importance of archaeology. 

ANC 205 Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, social 
relationships, communication, intelligence of 
primates; conservation and biomedical research. 
Observation techniques through field project. 
Prerequisites: ANC 201G and/or 240; biology majors 
with permission of instructor. 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 

Overv^iew of human sexuality, including 
cross-cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range 
of sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by 
humans, to help put one's owti sexuality in perspec- 

ANC 230 Linguistics 

The scientific study of language and its context: the 
elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and 

ANC 240 Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the study 
of Homo sapiens: evolutionary' theory, primate 
behavior, fossil evidence, human adaptation. 

ANCABC 260 The Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct from 
one's own. 

ANC/IBC 262E Environment, Population 
and Culture 

Long-range anthropological view of population 
growth and technology, prime movers of cultural 
evolution, from prehistoric times to present, using 
China as a case study. 

ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of China 
and Japan, through art, architecture, literature, 
customs, religious beliefs and intellectual traditions. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

ANC 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

Exploration of the diverse cultures of Southeast Asia 
in terms of religions, tradition, art, music, theatre, 
architecture and ways of life. 



ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Cultural heritage of Sub-Saharan nations, including 
history, economy, politics and social structure. 
Selected ethnographies for in-depth study. 

ANC 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

Surveys the culture history and ways of life of the 
peoples of the Caribbean region; their economic 
system; socioeconomic forms of organization; 
domestic organization and gender relations. 

ANC 288G Native Cultures of the 
Southeastern U.S. 

Prehistory/archaeology of the SE; ethnohistory and 
ethnography of indigenous groups of the SE United 
States; contemporary ethical issues in the study of 
indigenous societies. 

ANC 333 Introduction to Anthropological 
Research Methodology 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

Study of human reproduction and population 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environmental and cultural 
systems. Prerequisite: ANC 201G. 

ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, 
non-assimilation of minorities, intercultural 
understanding, communication and interaction. 

ANC 337 Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in formal and nonformal education in the 
Third World and in minority groups. Methods of 
conducting ethnological fieldwork in education. 

Major trends in role of education in development. 
Prerequisite: ANC 201 G. 

ANC 338 Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society. Selected case studies. Prerequisite: ANC 
20 IG (exceptions made for religion and other 
interested majors). 

AJ^IC 339 Development Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, agricul- 
tural development, role of cultural factors such as 
economic decision-making, risk-taking, gender roles. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or better or permission of 
instructor. ANC 20 IG recommended. 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, gender, 
family, education, corporate, xenophobia, prejudice. 
Methods of resolution such as third party, negotia- 
tion, mediation, arbitration. Prerequisite: Sopho- 
more or better or permission of instructor. ANC 
20 IG recommended. 

ANC 341 Medical Anthropology 

Biobehavioral adaptations; healing, heath and 
disease in cross-cultural perspective; evolution of 
disease; traditional medicine. 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

(Directed Study) 

Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and constructing 
an exhibit based on research. Minimum 120 hours. 
Prerequisite: at least one anthropology course and 
consent of instructor. 

ANC/IBC 361 International Management 

For description see International Business. 

ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar for anthropology majors. Schools of 
thought on evolution, diversity, diffusionism, culture 
and personality. 


The visual arts major is process and project oriented. 
Students develop their own area of emphasis, 
focusing on imagery and content through their 
chosen media. The major should be seen as the 
central part of the student's education, with other 
college requirements and electives serving to shape 
the young artist as a whole person. 

Specific focus and courses for the major are worked 
out with a visual arts Mentor. Every program must 
consist of a minimum of ten studio courses, including 
ARA 101,102, and 320, plus two approved courses 
in art history from outside the discipline. Every 
student must pass the required Sophomore show 
review in the categories of drawing and design before 
undertaking the Senior thesis exhibition. The Senior 
thesis exhibition is required of all majors for 
graduation, and must demonstrate technical 
competence and a developed artistic vision, the 
ability to work in a sustained way with a visual 


problem or problems, and to organize gallery space 
coherently. A required Senior seminar in the final 
semester concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 

A student transferring from another college at the 
Junior level and electing to major in art must submit 
a portfolio of work demonstrating competency in 
drawing and design as a substitute for the required 
Sophomore show. Students unprepared to submit a 
portfolio or who do not demonstrate competency in 
both areas may not expect to graduate in two years 
with a major in visual arts. The normal four year 
program moves from structured courses, to greater 
freedom, to the independently executed Senior 
thesis show. 


Visual Problem Solving 
Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 


Choice of workshop courses 
Sophomore show 
Art History 


Art History 

Choice of workshop courses 

Studio Critique 


Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 

An art minor consists of ARA 101,102, and one 
approved course in art history, plus three other studio 
courses approved by the art faculty for qualification 
for the minor. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing skills 
in spatial organization, relating forms in sequence, 
discovering uniqueness, personal approach to 
solutions, even within narrow, arbitrarily prescribed 

ARA 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in new 
ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self-discovery, 
and self-expression through varied drawing media, 
using as sources the figure, still-life, nature, and 

ARA 205 Calligraphy I 

The calligraphy styles of England, Europe and 
America. Introductory survey open to all students 
regardless of major. 


ARA 206 British Calligraphy 

Learning two British styles of alphabet letter forms. 
Weekly writing assignments and five finished, formal 
examples of each style, matted or shrink-wrapped. 
Not open to Freshmen. 

ARA 207 American Calligraphy 

Learn to write in two American alphabet styles. 
Course-long journal, final five calligraphy works, 
matted or shrink-wrapped. 

ARA 222 Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic materi- 
als, handfonning, recycling, glazing, firing. Laborato- 
ries with supervised working time and lectures on 
technical knowledge. 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

In-depth investigation of one of the oldest print 
mediums, using linoleum as the primary matrix to 
explore design and graphic imagery in both black 
and white and color. Prerequisite: ARA 101 or 102. 

ARA 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and soft 
grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, embossing, 
and color printing. Experimentation and an 
imaginative approach is expected. Prerequisites: 
ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 227 Magic, Mythology and Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with emphasis on 
each student finding his/her own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 229 Photography as Image Gathering 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 
prerequisites, but the student should have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter speeds. 

ARA 241 Intermediate Drawing 

A variety of traditional and non-traditional drawing 
media. Visit museums and galleries. Prerequisite: 
ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Production of two- and three-dimensional objects 
and images, employing various materials, exploring 
the interface between painting and sculpturing. 
Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 



ARA 303 Asian Art and Techniques 

Learn oriental art appreciation. Explore and practice 
the forms, styles, techniques and materials of oriental 
art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisites: ARA 101 or 102 
or permission of instructor by portfolio review. 

ARA 306 Calligraphy II 

Further development of skills in one particular 
British or American alphabet, with its history and 
various uses. Prerequisite: ARA 206 or 207 and 
permission of instructor. 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prerequi- 
site: ARA 222 or permission of instructor. Offered 
alternate semesters. 

ARA 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through surface 
finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from prehistoric 
through contemporary use, with an overview of 
history. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 222. 

ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in media 
of the student's choice. Class used for review of work, 
field trips and discussion. Prerequisites: art majors 
only who have completed the Sophomore show 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious work 
in various drawing media, developing a personal 
mode of expression. Emphasis on experimentation 
with new materials and ideas. Must be capable of 
working independently. Prerequisites: ARA 101,102 
and permission of instructor. 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Intensive independent projects designed to encour- 
age imaginative examination of the local environ- 
ment Class critiques weekly. Evaluation on final 
portfolio of at least 20 finished mounted prints 
exhibiting technical excellence and creative insight. 
Prerequisite: ARA 229 and permission of instructor. 

ARA 325 Monoprinting 

Use etching press to explore ways of achieving 
single-impression images through use of oil, water- 
color and printing inks. Demonstrations, critiques, 
individual supervision, culminating in exhibition at 
end of semester. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 

ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in ARA 228. 

Individual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: ARA 228 for 327; 327 
for 328. 

ARA 329 The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and 
research on the life and times of that artist, and 
make a presentation on both the art works and the 
facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sophomores with 
instructor's permission. 

ARA 342 Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photography 
in advertising, publishing, mass media. For Juniors 
and Seniors; others by permission. 

ARA 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential of computer art. Become familiar with 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 
102, or permission of instructor. 

ARA 344 Computer Art II 

Intermediate level based on ARA 343. Prerequisite: 
ARA 101, 102, 343, or permission of instructor. 

ARA 346 The Art of Web Page Design 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential use of art on the internet. Become familiar 
with WWW design and computer graphic programs 
and develop personal creativity in digital art. 
Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102, or permission of 

ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interviews with 
artists, visits to off-campus art events, graduate 
school concerns, larger art issues. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, 
self-structured time to work, regular weekly meet- 
ings, critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing 
shows. Personal, individual discussion time with 
instructor. Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 

ARI 321 Art History: British Painting 

ARI 351 History of English Architecture 

(Directed Study) 

For descriptions see International Education, 

London Offerings 



AHL 202 Introduction to Greek Art 

Major developments in the arts of the Greeks from 
the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period. 
Examples of painting, architecture, sculpture, 
personal ornaments, carved ivories, gems and coins 
placed in cultural context. 

AHL 203 Arts of the Silk Road 

Survey of the art and culture of China and Central 
Asia during the golden age of the Silk Road caravan 
trade. Major topics include Buddhist and secular 
sculpture, portrait and landscape painting, material 
culture, music and dance, calligraphy and poetry. 
The course includes an introduction to webpage 
design and a term project done on the Internet. 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are published 
in a separate brochure. 


BEB 300 Dialogues 

Select a historical character who contributed to the 
ongoing dialogue on great issues of humanity and 
role play that character with other students repre- 
senting other significant historical figures, discussing 
specific issues. 

BEB 368 Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, form task groups to design compo- 
nents of Utopian systems, and write statement laying 
philosophical foundation for a personal concept of 


The biology major is designed to give a broad 
pre -professional background for students interested 
in careers in biology, molecular biology, biomedical 
science, environment science, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate basic 
knowledge in seven areas of the life sciences 
(invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, genetics, 
physiology and ecology). They learn how to develop 
experiments to test appropriate hypotheses, use skills 
and laboratory techniques necessary for investigative 
research, gather and analyze data, and evaluate and 
synthesize information thus obtained. They gain an 
appreciation of the history of the life sciences and 
see their connection to study areas included in the 
biology major curriculum, and the relationship of 


information gained from a scientific perspective to 
values-oriented issues in their lives. Through this 
program, students also have the opportunity to 
improve and perfect their listening, writing and 
speaking abilities. Students demonstrate achieve- 
ment of the biology program by satisfactory comple- 
tion of a Senior comprehensive exam or Senior 
thesis, and ordinarily the courses listed below: 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 

Students must fulfill all the general education 
requirements, and for the biology major, they must 
complete MAN 13 IM (Calculus I), and either 
MAN 133M or BEB 260M (Statistics), CHN 121, 
122, 221, and 222, (general and organic chemistry), 
PHN 241, 242 (Physics), eight biology courses 
(Biodiversity I and II, or the equivalent. Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Physiology, Ecology, and two 
biology electives) and Biology Seminar. Students 
participating in off-campus programs may petition 
for alternatives to these specifications. 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be taken 
in the Junior year to accommodate the early 
completion of prerequisite courses in chemistry and 
mathematics. Beginning students are strongly 
encouraged to begin General Chemistry their first 

Sample inolecular and organismic course sequences 
for the B.S. degree in Biology: 

Both sequences: 

Semester 1 Biodiversity I & General Chemistry I 

Semester 2 Biodiversity II & General Chemistry II 

Semester 3 Cell Biology & Organic Chemistry I 

Semester 4 Genetics & Organic Chemistry II 

Molecular option: 

Semester 5 Developmental Biology or Advanced 

Genetics and Physics I 
Semester 6 General and Molecular Physiology 
Semester 7 Ecology and Microbiology 
Semester 8 Immunology and/or Independent 


Organismic option: 

Semester 5 Ecology or Vertebrate Biology 

and Physics I 
Semester 6 Comparative Physiology and Physics II 
Semester 7 Marine Mammalology of Fish Biology 
Semester 8 Conservation Biology and/or Indepen- 
dent Study 

For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 

Students must meet the general education require- 
ments and for the biology major they must complete 
eight biology courses (including Biodiversity I and II, 
or the equivalent. Cell Biology, Genetics, Physiology, 
Ecology, and two biology electives) and Biology 



Seminar, plus MAN 131M (Calculus 1), a statistics 
course and General Chemistry 1 and II. 

Students who major in biology may not also major in 
marine science (biology track), or biochemistry. 

For the Biology minor: 

A minor requires five biology courses, not including 
more than two at the 100 level, perspective courses, 
or directed or independent studies. At least one of 
the five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

BIN 100/101 Biodiversity I and II 

Survey of all living organisms, variation in structure 
and function, ecological roles and evolutionary 
relationships. Provides solid foundation in organis- 
mic biology for beginning students. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

BIN/MSN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

For descriptions see Marine Science. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, 
neo-Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features 
as seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial 

BIN 20 IE Ecosystems of Florida 

Ecosystems of west-centra Florida, including the 
marine, freshwater, lowland and upland systems; 
study the biological interaction occurring in the 
ecosystem of the Tampa Bay region. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, anaerobic, 
aerobic respiration and expenditure of energy by the 
cell. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and Sophomore 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological tech- 
niques, isolation and identification of unknown 

BIN/MSN 301 Principles of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior 
standing. Corequisite: BIN 303 or 305 or permission 
of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

For description see Marine Science. 

BIN 303 Genetics 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from historical 
perspective. Experimental approach emphasized. 
Small lab groups participate in experimental design, 
and develop research skills in both classical genetic 
systems and molecular biology. Prerequisite: CHN 
121, 122, BIN 202 or permission of instructor. 
Corequisite CHN 221. Marine science majors may 
substitute MSN 301 for CHN 221/2. 

BIN 307 Ecology of Amphibians and Reptiles 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through the study 
of amphibians and reptiles. Meets ecology require- 
ment for biology, marine science and environmental 
studies majors. Prerequisite: BIN 101 or 200. 

BIN 308 General and Molecular Physiology 

Mammalian nervous, endocrine, muscle, cardiovas- 
cular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, 
reproductive systems. Macro and molecular aspects. 
Prerequisites: BIN 202 and CHN 121, 122. 

BIN/MSN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

For description see Marine Science. 

BIN/MSN 314 Comparative Physiology: 

Physiological mechanisms of animals and general 
principles revealed through application of compara- 
tive methods. Creative project lab to develop 
research skills. Prerequisite: CHN 121,122, 221, BIN 
202, 303. 

BIN/MSN 315 Elasmobranch Biology and 

Systematics, evolution, ecology, behavior, and 
anatomical and physiological adaptations of sharks 
and rays. Current scientific research, human impact, 
how populations can be managed. Prerequisites: BIN 
101 or 200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 350 Human Physiology (Directed Study) 
Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, 
excretory systems; metabolic integration. Suitable for 
biology majors off-campus unable to take scheduled 
physiology courses. Prerequisites: CHN 122, BIN 
202 and permission of instructor 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Subjects investigated determined by student interest. 
Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188. 

BIN 410 Biology Seminar 

Topical concerns in biology, especially those not fully 


explored in other areas of the biology curriculum. 
Junior, Senior biology majors participate for one 
course credit; Sophomores invited to attend. 

BIN 420 Advanced Ecology and Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and conduct a 
semester-long independent field research project on 
selected topic. Prerequisites: B or better in BIN 301 
and permission of instructor. 

BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of genetics. 
Gene regulation in embryological development, 
oncogenes, immunogenetics, genetic engineering, 
human genetics. Biological and social implications. 
Prerequisite: BIN 303 or 305 or permission of 

BIN 424 Developmental Biology 

Molecular and morphological mechanisms underly- 
ing the development of body plans and organ 
systems in the embryos of marine and terrestrial 
species. Current scientific literature, modem 
experimental techniques, independent laboratory 
research projects. Prerequisites: BIN 202 and BIN 
303 and instructor's permission. 

BIN 430 Independent Research in Biology 

For students interested in pursuing careers in biology, 
intensive instruction in use of laboratory and/or field 
equipment. Various methodology approaches, 
current and historical, used in scientific investiga- 
tion. Prerequisites: CHN 121, 122, 221, 222, BIN 
202, 303, and instructor's permission. 

BIN 499 Independent Research ' Thesis 

Upon invitation. Seniors may design and carry out a 
creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the spring 
of the senior year. 

NAN 320 Introduction to Research: Scien- 
tific Communication 

Historical and philosophical framework for scientific 
inquiry, modem techniques for bibliographic 
research, writing scientifically and making scientific 
presentations. Prerequisite: must be doing collabora- 
tive scientific research with a faculty member. See 
also Marine Science and Sea Semester. 


The capabilities and skills that chemistry majors are 
expected to obtain include knowledge of chemical 
synthesis, analysis, and theory. In addition, students 
acquire competence in laboratory techniques, the 
use of chemical instrumentation, and computers, 
written and oral communication, and the ability to 
use the chemical literature. 


Since the chemistry curriculum is currently undergo- 
ing revision, the course requirements for each of the 
degree programs depend on the year the student 
enters the college. 

Students entering in or before 1997 should consult 
the 1996-98 catalog for requirements. 

For students entering after 1997: 

B.A. CHEMISTRY DEGREE: CHN 121, 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321, 326, and one upper level chemistry 

B.S. CHEMISTRY DEGREE: CHN 121, 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 424, and one upper level 
chemistry elective. 

CHN 121, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 
424, 429 or 499, and one upper level chemistry 

122, 212, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 417, 424 and 
either 429 or 499. Cell Biology (BIN 202) and 
Genetics (BIN 303) are also required. 

TRACK: CHN 121, 122, 212, 221, 222, 415, 417, 
420, MAN 13 IM, MAN 132M, PHN 241, PHN 
242, BIN 100, BIN 101, BIN 202, BIN 303, BIN 

Two of the following courses could be used to replace 
the Biodiversity I and II sequence: MSN/BIN 188 
Marine and Freshwater Botany, MSN/BIN 189 
Marine Invertebrate Biology and BIN 200 Biology of 
Invertebrates. Also CHN 321 may be taken in place 
of CHN 420, although CHN 420 is preferred for this 

The B.S. (Certified) degrees have been approved by 
the American Chemical Society (ACS). 

For any degree, students must also take MAN 131/ 
2M, PHN 241/2 and CHN 410 Chemistry Seminar. 
Additionally, students must satisfy the collegium 
requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 
16 courses for any of the B.S. degrees. A working 
knowledge of computers is strongly recommended 
for all courses beyond CHN 222. Finally, students 
must maintain a C average or better in courses 
within the chemistry discipline and the required 
supporting courses listed above. 

Students who major in chemistry in the uncertified 
biochemistry track may not also major in biology. 

Students may obtain a minor in chemistry by earning 
at least a C in CHN 1 2 1 and in any four of the 
following: CHN 122, 212, 221, 222, 321/323, 322/ 



CHN 110 Introduction to Chemistry 

Chemical principles and problem-solving skills. 
Biweekly labs. Not open to students who have 
completed CHN 111 or 12 1 with a grade of C or 
better. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CHN 121 General Chemistry I 

Intended for those who plan to major in the 
sciences. Examines modem chemical theory 
including stoichiometry, gas laws, atomic structure 
and bonding solutions, and kinetics. Prerequisites: 
high school chemistry and three years of high school 
mathematics or CHN 1 10 with a grade of C or 

CHN 122 General Chemistry II 

Topics include thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, 
ionic equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemis- 
try descriptive inorganic chemistry, and nuclear 
chemistry. Prerequisite: General Chemistry 1 with a 
grade of C or better. 

CHN/PHN 209 Survey of Astronomy 

Planets, starts, galaxies, celestial motion. Some night 
observing sessions. 

CHN 211 Inorganic Chemistry 

Atomic structure, chemical bonding, periodic 
relationships, reactions and properties of representa- 
tive inorganic compounds, introduction to quantita- 
tive aspects of thermodynamics and kinetics. 
Prerequisite: CHN 1 1 1 with a grade of C or better. 
Corequisite: MAN 13 IM. 

CHN 212 Analytical Chemistry 

An extensive treatment of chemical equilibria 
including acid-base, redox, solubility, and complex- 
ation with applications to chemical analysis. 
Prerequisite: CHN 211 with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 221 Organic Chemistry I 

First of a two-course sequence dealing with the 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds from 
simple aliphatic hydrocarbons to alcohols. Prerequi- 
site: CHN 122 with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 222 Organic Chemistry II 

A continuation of CHN 221. Structure, properties, 
reactions, and synthesis of carbonyl compounds and 
carboxylic acid derivatives, aromatic compounds, 
carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleic acids are 
examined. Prerequisites: CHN 221 with a grade of 
C or better. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

Laws of thermodynamics, free energy, and chemical 
equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, 
non-electrolytes; electrochemistry, chemical kinetic 

theory. Prerequisites: CHN 212, MAN 132, PHN 
242 or permission of instructor. 

CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II: Investigative 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy, statistical thermodynamics 
and some molecular symmetry. Prerequisite: CHN 

CHN 323 Physical Chemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 321. 

CHN 324 Physical Chemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 322. 

CHN 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modem experimental 
techniques and modem chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry majors, normally in the 
Junior year. Prerequisites: CHN 212 and PHN 242. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Seminar 

Series of papers and discussions on topics in 
chemistry and related subjects. Meetings with 
students and faculty, visitor participation. Junior and 
Senior chemistry majors present at least one paper a 
year. One course credit on satisfactory completion of 
the two years of participation. 

Continuation in seminar contingent upon satisfac- 
tory progress in upper division courses. 

CHN 415 Biochemistry I: Investigative 

The study of structures, functions, the dynamics of 
proteins, the role of genetic biomolecules, and some 
of the metabolic cycles in the body as related to the 
chemistry of these molecules. Prerequisites: CHN 
112, CHN 212, and class standing of Junior or 
Senior, or by permission of instructor. 

CHN 416 Biochemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 415. 

CHN 417 Biochemistry II: Investigative 

A continuation of CHN 415. Biosynthesis of 
macromolecular precursors, in-depth study of genetic 
functions, and interactions between the conforma- 
tion of the macromolecules and their roles in 
metabolism and physiological processes. Prerequi- 
site: CHN 415. 

CHN 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 417. 

CHN 420 Physical Chemistry in the Life 

Ties together many aspects of chemistry, biology, and 
physics introduced in earlier courses. TTiermodynam- 
ics, transport properties, kinetics, quantum mechan- 


Classics and Ancient History 

ics, molecular interactions. Prerequisite or 
corequisite: CHN 417. 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic methods, 
elucidation of reaction mechanism, stereochemistry, 
molecular rearrangements and orbital theory. 
Prerequisites: CHN 312 and 322. 

CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Electronic structure and properties of the atom, 
among them covalent bond, stereochemistry, solid 
state, acid-base, thennodynamics; reaction mecha- 
nisms, non-aqueous solvents, boron hydride 
chemistry. Prerequisite: CHN 321 and 326. 

CHN 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the major 
areas of chemistry. Elective for B.A. or B.S. in Senior 
year, required for non-thesis B.S. (Certified) 
chemistry majors. Prerequisite: CHN 326 and 
permission of instructor. 

CHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may be 
invited to do independent research with a member of 
the chemistry staff during their Senior year, and 
write and defend a research thesis before a thesis 


The Minor in Classical Humanities 

The minor in Classical Humanities builds on and 
extends the introduction provided by "Western 
Heritage in a Global Context." It offers a solid 
foundation in the Western humanities for anyone 
majoring in such fields as Litera- ture, History, Art, 
Philosophy, or Religion. The minor also gives a 
broad perspective on the Western tradition to those 
majoring in the sciences or social sciences. Graduate 
and professional schools are increasingly recognizing 
the need for this broad humanistic focus. 

The minor in Classical Humanities requires six 
courses drawn from any courses in classics or ancient 
history and art. Two of the six courses required may 
be chosen from the courses in ancient philosophy 
listed below. One of the six required courses may be 
drawn from the list of courses in other disciplines 
also found below. In addition, certain winter term 
courses will qualify for the minor when offered: e.g. 
Myth into Art, Classical Mythology, The Journey of 
the Hero and the Lover, and overseas study in 
Greece and Rome. 

With prior permission from the Discipline Coordina- 
tor in Classics, students may receive credit toward 

the minor for another related course not found 
below. (Only some of these courses will be offered in 
any given semester; other courses may be added in 
future years.) 

CLL/LAL 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Gives students the ability to read moderately difficult 
prose by building a strong foundation in Latin 
grammar and syntax. Helpful in strengthening 
knowledge of English grammar and vocabulary. 
CLL/LAL 101 is prerequisite for 102. 

CLL 200 Classical Mythology 

Familiarizes students with the most important Greek 
and Roman myths and the backgrounds from which 
they arose. Discusses the important theories, 
themes, and meanings of myth, as well as the 
pervasive influence of myth in our everyday lives. 

CLL/WGL 202 Women in Ancient Greece 

Examines the roles and lives of women in ancient 
Greece as presented in primary texts about them, 
poetry by them, and artistic representations of them. 

CLL 205 Love in Classical Antiquity 

Introduces students to the many concepts of love, 
friendship, and sexuality in ancient Greece and 
Rome through a study of literature, scientific 
writings, historical documents, and the visual arts. 

CLL/HIL 242 Ancient Greek History 

Provides an overview of the history of Greece from 
Mycenean times up until the age of Alexander 
through the ancient writers themselves: Herodotus, 
Thucydides, Xenophon, and Plutarch. 

CLL/HIL 243 Ancient Roman History 

Provides an overview of the history of Rome from its 
legendary beginnings in the eighth century BC to 
the age of Nero in the first century AD through the 
ancient authors themselves: Livy, Tacitus, 
Suetonius, Plutarch, and Polybius. 

CLL 260 Greek & Roman Drama 

Introduces students to many of the great tragedies 
and comedies of ancient Greece and Rome. Puts the 
plays in their historical and cultural context and 
discusses the conditions under which they were 

CLL 261 Greek Tragedy and Its Influence 

Offers an in-depth study of a few Greek tragedies and 
of works inspired by those tragedies in a variety of 
genres including drama, science fiction, psychologi- 
cal and philosophical studies, and film. Discusses 
changing concepts of tragedy and the tragic hero. 

CLL 270 Classical Literature in Translation 

Introduces students to some of the greatest works of 


Classics and Ancient History 

Greek and Roman civilization. Puts these works in 
the historical, spiritual, and artistic context from 
which they arose. 

CLL 271 Greek Literature and Civilization 

Introduces students to many of the most influential 
literary texts of Greek civilization, including 
selections from epic, lyric, and dramatic poetry, 
history, and philosophy. Puts these texts in their 
cultural, political, and artistic contexts. 

CLL 272 Roman Literature and Civilization 

Introduces many of the most important literary and 
historical texts of Roman civilization and examines 
the influences of Rome on the Western heritage. 

CLL 360 Euripides: Poet of the Irrational 

A thorough introduction to the drama of the "most 
tragic" Greek playwright and his exploration of inner 
conflict, passion, and the human psyche. 

- Two of the six required courses in the minor 
may be drawn from the following courses in 
ancient philosophy: 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 
Independent Study of Ancient Philosophy 
Courses in early Greek Science and 

KSL 205 Plato and Aristotle's Science 
PLL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek 

and Roman 
KSL 201/202 The Ancient Tradition l/II 
See Philosophy for course descriptions. 

- One of the six required courses in the minor 
may be drawn from the following courses in 
other disciplines: 

Any course in Classical Art (See listings 
under "Art" and "Art History" as available) 

Any o{ the courses in Literature listed below: 
LILATHA 236 History of Drama I 
LIL 329 Mythical Methods in Literature 

and Cinema 
LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 
See Literature for course descriptions. 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three areas: 
five courses in a literature (commonly English and/ 
or American), three courses in a foreign language 
(such as French, German or Spanish), of which at 
least two are literature courses, and two courses in a 
second foreign language (at any level), or in another 
discipline (such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), 
or in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 

Students should have one course using comparative 
methodology. Linguistics and literary criticism are 

Students develop competencies in comparative 
techniques, literary analogues and influences, 
research methods, and interdisciplinary work. 
Coursework is shaped to individual student pro- 
grams, typically moving from introductory levels to 
advanced work, often culminating in a thesis. 


Courses designed to develop skills in oral communi- 
cation and increase understanding of the role of the 
communications media in society. 

COA 360 Media Ethics 

Media Ethics is designed to promote greater 
understanding of moral reasoning and ethical 

decision-making processes within the fields of 
journalism, advertising, and public relations. 
Students are evaluated on the basis of exams, 
interviews/observations, and group projects. 

COF 121 Fundamentals of Oral 

This course surveys fundamental oral communica- 
tion concepts with an emphasis on developing 
effective public speaking skills. Methods of 
evaluation include examinations and individual 
speech critiques. 

COA 22 1 Media and Society 

An exploration and critical analysis of the relation- 
ships between contemporary media forms and 
society. Representative topics include the cultural 
role of advertising, the media's influence on human 
behavior and thought, and the social implications of 
new media technologies. Methods of evaluation 
include examinations, research projects, and group 


Composition courses emphasize the ways different 
writing processes lead to successful learning and 
communication. All address the conventions of 
expository writing, standard English usage, documen- 
tation, and preparation of portfolios for competency 
evaluation. Students in composition courses are 
urged to complete their assignments using the word 
processing facilities in the college's computer 
laboratories. The Writing Center, a service of the 
Writing Excellence Program, supplements composi- 
tion courses and provides assistance to students 
regarding any writing task. 


Computational Science 

Credit for FDF 121, 122, and 123 is limited: students 
whose native language is English may take only two 
for credit; students with other native languages may 
take three for credit. Students may take advanced 
composition courses for additional credit. 

FDF 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to wTiting processes: pre-writing, 
drafting, revising, editing. Development of a personal 
voice to express ideas and values. Journal, academic 
essays, proper use of resources, including documenta- 

FDF 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with attention 
to audience, organization, evidence, persuasion. 
Collegiate research report: research questions, 
writing from sources, presenting evidence logically. 
Theme sections announced at preregistration. 

FDF 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, editing, 
research skills. Audience awareness, broadening 
student's repertoire, enriching language use. Usually 
requires major research paper. Theme sections 
annoimced at preregistration. 

FDF 222 Narratives of Knowledge 

Explore the relationship between quest and narrative 
through a study of selected Western texts, raising 
questions about the construction of meaning and 
community in our lives. 

FDF 321 Composition Theory and Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of composi- 
tion, analysis of writing processes, designing units of 
instruction. Group inquiry techniques and collabo- 
rative writing assignments. Practicum in tutoring. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing, completion of writing 
competency requirement, or instructor's permission. 

FDF 322 Researching and Writing in the 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, with 
ongoing evaluation of researching and writing 
techniques. Participate in writing groups, keep a 
research notebook. Prerequisite: Sophomore 

FDF 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and 
computer-mediated communication in the context 
of modem business practice. Prerequisite: Junior 
standing or instructor's permission. 

FDF 324 Thinking, Researching, Writing 

Interdisciplinary team-taught course designed to help 
students in the sciences develop writing skills. 

epistemological perspective, and ethical sense to 
communicate scientific knowledge to science and lay 
audiences. Prerequisite: passed portfolio requirement, 
or permission of instructor. Corequisite: enrollment 
in science course with a lab. 

FDF 325 Writing Environmental Policy 

Writing environmental proposals, policy, and impact 
statements, and critical analysis of and presentations 
of solutions to environmental problems. Strategies 
for legal research. Case study ethics component. 
Prerequisite: must have passed writing competency, 
or have taken another writing course, or have 
permission of instructor. 

FDF 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Focuses on reading examples of various discourses we 
use to represent nature and the environment. 
Scientific, political, aesthetic, spiritual, ethical 
discourse, and media images, have all contributed to 
contradictory understanding of the natural world. 
Examine the way different reading assignments 
construct varied and contradictory values and beliefs 
about the environment. 


The minor in Computational Science gives students 
in the natural sciences a significant computing 
extension to their academic major and allows them 
to explore modem uses of computation - and the 
computer - in the sciences. The minor requires a 
total of six courses: CSN 143M, MAN 234, and 
then any two mathematics courses and any two 
computer science courses from the following list. 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 
MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 
MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 
MAN 351 Fourier Analysis 
MAN 421 Partial Differential Equations 

CSN 221 Data Structures 
CSN 310 Computer Architecture 
CSN 320 Programming Languages 
CSN 330 Analysis of Algorid:ims 
CSN 390 Computer Networks 
CSN 450 Computer Graphics 
CSN 455 Digital Image Processing 
CSN 490 Scientific Visualization 

Students may not minor in both Computational 
Science and Computer Science. 


Computer Science 


Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm design 
and programming, as well as the underlying prin- 
ciples, design, and implementation of the major 
components of computing systems. Achievement of 
the required competencies is demonstrated by 
successful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
examination or thesis and by the successful comple- 
tion of the four required computer science courses 
(CSN 143M, CSN 221, CSN 301, and CSN 310) 
and a minimum of four computer science elective 
courses numbered CSN 320 or greater. 

The course requirements for the computer science 
major are composed of two parts: the program core, 
and the program specialization. The core is a 
structured sequence of four computer science courses 
(Introduction to Computer Science, Data Structures, 
Theory of Computing, and Computer Architecture) 
and four mathematics courses (Calculus I, Discrete 
Mathematics, Statistics, Linear Algebra). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of four 
computer science electives numbered 320 or greater 
pursued during the Junior and Senior years, is less 
structured, allowing the student to emphasize his or 
her special interests. The Computer Science 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior years. 
Tliis is a total of 12 courses (not including the 
seminar) for the Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced computer 
science (320 level or above), mathematics or physics, 
are required for the Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics), Combinatorial Math- 
ematics may be substituted for Discrete Mathemat- 
ics, and Probability and Statistics I for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires completion of 
CSN 143M, 221, and three computer science courses 
numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 1 1 Wide World of Computing 

Introduction to computers, computer science, 
information processing technology. Word processor, 
spreadsheet, programming. For majors with no 
previous experience, and non-majors wanting an 
introduction that is not programming intensive. 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

History of computing: overview of the elements of a 
computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Pascal programming for numeric and 
non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: mathematics 
placement at the calculus ready level and CSN 110 

or equivalent. For students in all majors who want to 
acquire programming and computer skills. 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes of 
problems solvable through well-defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, recursion, 
lists, linked lists, trees, searching and sorting. 
Prerequisite: CSN 143M. 

CSN 270 Videographics: Technique & 

Operation and technology of video image recording 
equipment, video editing systems, computer 
animation software, and applications to video 
production, the Internet, and multimedia systems is 
studied. Other topics: physics of light, sound, and 
image collection; the interrelationships of video, 
computing, and communication technologies. 
Prerequisite: CSN 110, CSN 143M, or ARA 343. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and languages; 
introduction to finite automata, formal languages, 
Turing machines, and complexity theory. Prerequi- 
sites: CSN 221 and MAN 143. 

CSN 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of computing 
machines; central processing unit including 
micro-machine, registers, data paths, arithmetic logic 
unit, control unit, microprogramming; memory 
including implementation; virtual memory, content 
addressable memory, cache; input/output including 
disks, tapes, serial communications and networks. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; survey of programming 
languages. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system design 
and development principles; specifications; models; 
software tools, monitoring methods; group program- 
ming project for a large software system. Prerequisite: 

CSN 221. 

CSN 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis of algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CSN 301, CSN 
221 and MAN 143 or consent of instructor. 


Creative Writing 

CSN/MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 
For description see Mathematics. 

CSN 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organization 
of database systems; storage and retrieval of data in 
the database, database design and administration. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221 or permission of instructor. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Seminar 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two years 
of participation. Continuation in seminar contin- 
gent on satisfactory progress in upper division 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memor^^ manage- 
ment, virtual systems, interprocess communication, 
scheduling algorithms, protection and security, 
deadlocks; case studies of operating systems. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory- and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro 
expansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Prerequisite: CSN 301. 

CSN 450 Computer Graphics 

Theory and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and MAN 
131M or instructor's permission. 

CSN 455 Digital Image Processing 

Introduces various techniques for the enhancement 
and analysis of digital imagery. Topics include the 
interpretation of image statistics, image enhance- 
ment based on histogram transformations, spatial 
filtering, and image transforms. Prerequisite: CSN 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation, constraint satisfaction, 
metaphors of control. Logic and theorem proving, 
problem solving and heuristic search. Introduction 
to die AI languages, LISP and PROLOG. Deep 
exploration of natural language understanding, 
inductive learning, and rule-based (expert) systems. 
Neural networks and hybrid systems, fuzzy logic and 
genetic algorithms. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 462 Neural Networks 

Philosophical, biological and architectural underpin- 
nings of this alternative, parallel, distributed model 
of computing inspired by the human brain. Prerequi- 
site: CSN 221 or consent of instructor. 

CSN 499 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, upon 
invitation of the computer science faculty, do 
research and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of the faculty. The submission of the 
resulting written thesis and an oral defense will, 
upon approval of the computer science faculty, satisfy 
the comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in computer 
science courses through the Junior year and invita- 
tion by the faculty. 


CRA 141 Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, architec- 
ture, dance, and film correlated with the history of 
Western civilization for a deeper understanding and 
appreciation of the arts of the Western world. 

CRA 203 Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social and 
economic uses it serves in different cultures. Visits to 
museums and performances. 

CRA 225 Music and Architecture 

Fundamentals of art criticism applied to various 
"multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theories 
extracted. Freshmen by permission of instructor. 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers-students who think of themselves primarily 
as writers and students for whom writing will be an 
important avocation. Workshop students learn the 
crafts of journalism, fiction, non-fiction, poetry, the 
play and the screenplay, and develop indi\'idual 
voices. They also learn to articulate and defend 
reasoned critical opinions. 

Course work must include six courses in literature 
and four workshops-fiction, poetry and one of the 
following: playwTiting, screenwriting, journal 
writing, the personal essay, journalism, publishing 
and the writing career. In consultation with the 
mentor, in special cases (involving a writing interest 
best served by study outside the literature track) 
students may substitute for one literature course, two 


Creative Writing 

courses from another discipline. Seniors are required 
to complete a thesis. The thesis committee will 
include two full-time creative writing faculty and a 
third member from any other discipline. Concentra- 
tions in creative writing for theater and writing for 
advertizing and public relations are also available. 

In the first year, students take Introduction to 
Creative Writing and 100 or 200 level literature 
courses. In subsequent years, students build upon 
this foundation by 1) talcing intermediate and 
advanced courses in fiction and poetry and courses 
in playwriting, screenwriting, journals, etc., and 2) 
developing a cluster of literature courses de- fined by 
a particular interest (e.g., modem and contemporary 
British and American poetry and fiction) and/or 
supported by courses from other disciplines (e.g., 
American studies or history of modem Britain). 

Writing Workshop students are required to take 
fiction and poetry workshops from the residential 
Writing Workshop faculty, Profs. Watson and Ward, 
or their designated replacements. 

To minor in creative writing, students must take 
three Writing Workshop courses (in at least two 
genres), and two literature courses. One workshop 
and one literature course must be 300 level or above. 
The workshops must be Eckerd College courses. 

Students wishing to double major in creative writing 
and literature must take ten literature courses and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

WWA 100 Writing Workshop: Introduction 
to Creative Writing 

An introduction to three genres of writing: poetry, 
fiction and drama. Learn the basic elements and 
techniques of these genres by reading established 
writers and writing in a workshop setting. 

WWA 200 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

An introduction to prosody and the craft of poetry 
by means of traditional forms. Extensive work in 
meter and scansion. Write in various forms, e. g., 
the sonnet, villanelle, ballad, sestina, rondeau, 
accentual-alliterative verse, blank verse and others. 
Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 201 Writing Workshop: The Short 

An introduction to fiction writing with emphasis 
upon realistic short story technique. Acquaints the 
student with basic principles of craft or the learned 
aspect of fiction writing. Students' stories read aloud 
and discussed in class. Emphasis on rewriting, the 
development of works through the several phases of 
composition. Instructor's permission required 

WWA 220 Journalism 

Study and practice the basic news story, with 
emphasis on the print news story; exploration some 
of the other forms of news writing as well and of the 
electronic media. Students will identify and discuss 
the social, legal, and ethical issues facing the press. 
Students, where possible, should have previous 
experience in high school. 

WWA 300 Writing Workshop: Tutorial 

Daily meetings with instructor to discuss progress in 
all genres. Periodic group discussions. Prerequisite: 
one writing workshop and permission of instructor. 

WWA 301 Writing Workshop: The 
Personal Essay 

Workshop course in writing the literary essay. Read 
and discuss published non-fiction prose by writers 
such as Harry Crews, Alice Walker, Eudora Welty, 
Joan Didion, and Michael Herr (author of Dis- 
patches and the screenplay for Apocalypse Now). 
Study the rhetoric of the essay, and bring imagina- 
tion to bear on handling the essay format, prose 
techniques, and style. Fulfills requirement for the 
third workshop. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 302 Rhetoric of Film 

View, analyze and evaluate great cinema. Write and 
speak about film as an artistic form, its history, 
typology, technology and symbology. 

WWA 303 Writing Workshop: Intermediate 

Continued emphasis on the craft of revision, 
development of individual voice, critical and 
analytical writing and speaking. Prerequisites: 
WWA 201 and instructor's permission. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

Joumals, diaries and letters as related to the creative 
process. Practice and discuss various joumaling 
techniques, writing our own joumals. Instructor's 
permission required. 

WWA 306 Writing Workshop: 
Intermediate Poetry 

Some major figures in contemporary poetry such as 
Ammons, Berryman, Dickey, Hall, Hugo, Jarrell, 
Kinnell, Kumin, Merwin, Plath, Roethke, Sexton. 
Students write poems to be discussed in workshop 
setting. Work toward an understanding of self as a 
writer and of the attention a writer must give the 
world and words to create mature works that 
communicate with an audience. Prerequisites: 
WWA 200 and instructor's permission. 


Directed Study Courses 

WWA 333/433 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Fiction 

Read and discuss published fiction and commentary 
in John Gardner's On Becoming a Novelist, while 
interspersing discussion of original student works. 
Students may submit short stories, novellas, or 
works- in-progress. Prerequisites: WWA 201 and 
WWA 303 or Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, including 
traditional and experimental forms. Each student 
writes at least two plays, to be read and discussed in 
class. Emphasis on rewriting, the development of 
works through several phases of composition. 

WWA 335/435 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Poetry 

Read and discuss books of poetry by contemporary 
poets, as well as original student poems, in the 
workshop setting. Focus on the writing process. 
Suggestions for submitting poetry to journals. 
Prerequisite: WWA 306 and permission of instructor. 

WWA 348 Writing Workshop: Feature 

The study and practice of writing newspaper and 
magazine articles for publication. Read and analyze 
major award-winning feature articles. Write six 
major stories, analyze and profile one major daily 
newspaper and one nationally circulating magazine. 
Write query letters for newspaper and magazine 
markets. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 361 Writing Workshop: Travel 

Practical experience in a genre that is popular, useful, 
and relatively easy to break into. Read examples of 
quality travel writing and become familiar with the 
articles in daily newspapers and travel magazines, 
gradually "branching out" to places like Gulfport and 
Tarpon Springs, eventually reaching further places 
(home towTis, distant shores, exotic locales). Explore 
the travel industry, travel writing and write one 
analytical article. Learn skills in reading, writing, 
marketing, research, and observation. Preference 
given to juniors and seniors. Instructor's permission 

WWA 401 Publishing and the Writing Career 

Analyze the editorial biases of journals and write 
poems, stories, essays, reviews, and interviews in 
response to those biases. Learn where to find 
information about publishing, and how to use that 
information. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 
Students should have other work to submit besides 
that done during the current semester. 

WWA 436 Writing Workshop: Screenwriting 

Students write one full-length feature film script 
(approximately 90-120 pages). Scripts discussed in 
class and in small groups outside of class. View 
movies and parts of movies in class as examples of 
the craft of screenwriting. Some viewing outside of 
class required. Concentrate on serious screenwriting, 
attempt to tell complex and intellectually challeng- 
ing stories by means of a visual rhetoric. (An 
alternative title for this course is: Not Lethal 
Weapon VI.). Prerequisites: WWA 303 or WWA 
334 and instructor's permission. 



For descriptions, see the appropriate discipline. 
Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. 

AML 307 Rebels with a Cause 

AML 308 Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender, and 
American Culture 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

ARI 351 A History of English Architecture 

BIN 250 Explorations in Human Nutrition 
(available in summer term and PEL only) 

BIN 350 Human Physiology 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 
(available in England only) 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 206 Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

HIL 321 Women in America 

HIL 334 African-American History 1 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of our Tmies 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of England 

LIA 250 Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare 

LIA 350 Modem American Novel 

LIA 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 


Directed Study Courses 

MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 

PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

POL 350 Florida Politics 

POL 450 The Supreme Court in American 

PSB 303 Industrial Organizational Psychology 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

QFM 410 Quest for Meaning 

(by academic petition only for Seniors) 

REL 210 Introduction to Christian Ethics 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLB/MNB 405 Human Ecology 

SPC 401 Modem Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

THA 30 IG Living and Performing in 


East Asian Studies offers an integrated, cross- 
disciplinary introduction to the history, humanities, 
and contemporary societies of China and Japan. 
The East Asian Studies minor can serve as an area 
studies supplement to students with majors such as 
International Business, International Relations, 
Political Science, and Anthropology, as well as a 
comparative studies complement to majors in any of 
the humanities such as History, Literature, Religion, 
or Philosophy. A concentration (major) is also 
available for those who anticipate careers in business, 
government, or diplomacy with an international 
focus; graduate work in international and immigra- 
tion law, international business administration, or 
cross-cultural and social studies education; or 
advanced scholarship in area studies or comparative 
fields in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. 

Requirements for the Minor 

The minor in East Asian Studies requires the 
following: two semesters of either Chinese or 
Japanese language; a core course, EAL 201G (East 
Asian Traditions); and three other courses, one each 
from group A and group B below, and a third one 
from either group. 

A: East Asian Heritage 

AHL 203 - Arts of the Silk Road 

CRA 203 - Aesthetics East & West 

EAL 202E - East Asian Constructions of Nature 

PLL 103G - Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

PLL/EAL 303G - Individual and Society in 

Chinese Thought 

REL 234 - The Goddess in Eastern Traditions 
REL 320 - The Buddhist Tradition 

B: Contemporary East Asian Societies 

ANC 262E - Environment, Population, and 

Culture (China focus) 

ANC 282G - East Asian Area Studies 

HDA 350G - Contemporary Japanese Families 

HIL/EAL 310G - Modem China 

HIL/EAL 3 1 IG - Modem Japan 

MNB 230G - Asian Managerial Practices 

POB 231G - Politics: East Asian Nations 

POB 333 - Government and Politics of Japan 

POB 335 - Govemment and Politics of China 

POB 336 - China, Japan, and the United States 

Other courses which fulfill these requirements may 
become available. In addition, some winter term 
courses and overseas travel to East Asia may also 

The East Asian Studies concentration (major) 
follows similar guidelines; see the discipline 
coordinator for details. 

EAL 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

A survey of the history and culture of East Asian 
societies up to about 1 700 CE; the evolution of 
political and social stmctures; readings in major 
works and traditions of philosophy, poetry, and 

EAL 202E East Asian Constructions of 

Introduction to conceptual constructions of the 
natural environment in East Asian thought, and 
their expressions in such areas as architecture, urban 
planning, landscape painting, and garden design. 
The course includes an introduction to webpage 
design and a term project done on the Intemet. 

EAL/PLL 303G Individual and Society in 
Chinese Thought 

Analyze ideas of human nature, the individual's 
relationship to the social order, and the range of ways 
in which individuals have expressed dissent from 
social norms in the Chinese tradition. Ranges from 
classical philosophy to current events and the debate 
on human rights. 

EAL/HIL 310G Modem China 

The crisis of traditional China, the Opium Wars, the 
response to the West, the 1911 Revolution, warlords, 
the challenge from Japan, World War II, the 
Communist Revolution and Mao's China, Deng's 
Reforms, the Tian'anmen Massacre. Focus on 
political and social history and the lived experience 
of individual Chinese. 


EAL/HIL 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

The world of Tokugawa Japan, the Meiji restoration, 
reform and Westernization, the success of Imperial 
Japan, the road to Pearl Harbor and World War II, 
the A-Bomb and American Occupation, economic 
growth and contemporary social and political 
challenges. Focus on political, social, and cultural 

EAL/HIL 31 2G History of Southeast Asia 

A survey of the pre-history of Southeast Asian 
peoples, the formation of early kingdoms, the social 
and economic context of commercial life, the impact 
of European colonialism, the development of 
nationalist consciousness, and the challenges facing 
contemporary Southeast Asian nations. 


The competencies achieved in the economics major 
are the ability to: 

- understand and explain general economic 

- analyze and evaluate economic policy proposals. 

- analyze, synthesize and integrate economic 

- communicate effectively, in both oral and 
written form. 

- do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package. 

- engage in library research. 

- conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

In addition to the requirement of statistics, students 
majoring in economics are required to take a 
minimum of eight economics courses and Calculus I. 
All students will take Principles of Microeconomics, 
Principles of Macroeconomics, Intermediate 
Microeconomics, Intermediate Macroeconomics and 
History of Economic Thought. In addition, students 
choose three economics electives from a list of 
approved courses at the 300 level or above. Students 
must maintain a C average in upper level courses to 
successfully complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to take 
calculus. In addition, students can start the 
economics major proper with Principles of 
Microeconomics or Principles of Macroeconomics. 
The next appropriate courses are intermediate 
Microeconomics and Intermediate Macroeconomics. 
Beyond this students can branch out to choose 
electives. Economics electives are available with a 
simple prerequisite of either of the Principles courses. 


In their Senior year students take History of 
Economic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, and three 
upper level economics electives, including one upper 
level macro course (ECB 382 or 386) or one upper 
level micro course (ECB 371, 381 or 384). 

ECB/MNB 260M Statistical Methods for 
Management and Economics 

Introduction to quantitative data analysis in 
economics and management. Lectures and discus- 
sions of selected problems. Data analysis projects. 
Prerequisite: one of either ECB 281, 282, ESN 172, 
HDA 101, POB 102, 103, PSB 101, or SLB 101. 

ECB 281 Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. Industrial 
structure and pricing under different competitive 
structures. Required of all students majoring in 

ECB 282 Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, business 
and government) focusing on policy. Monetary and 
fiscal policy, inflation, recession, balance of 
payments. Required for all students majoring in 

ECB 301 Leadership: the Human Side of 

Experiential exercises, readings, and class discussion 
designed to investigate and challenge the behavioral 
assumptions of the contemporary economics 
paradigm. Several leadership theories will be 
explored to facilitate a broader understanding of 
human organizational behavior. 

ECB 370 Industry, Labor and Government 

Examine various models of firm behavior in various 
industrial organization structures (competition, 
monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both foreign 
and domestic. Prerequisite: ECB 281. 

ECB 371 The Economics of Labor Markets 

The role of labor in the economic system. Division 
of labor, job segregation, wage theory, relationship 
among work, family, household production. Prerequi- 
site: ECB 281. 

ECB 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles of the state, 
justice in the behavior of the state. Models of voting 
behavior through simulation. Prerequisite: ECB 281 
or permission of instructor. 



ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 

Continuation of ECB 281. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of industries and 
firms using algebraic mathematical and geometric 
models; price and output adjustments. Prerequisite: 
ECB 281. Required for all students majoring in 

ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of ECB 282. Determinants of 
aggregate demand and supply, using dynamic and 
static models of analysis. How to use an understand- 
ing of economic analysis to achieve policy objectives 
and understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: ECB 282 
and ECB 260M. 

ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surrounding 
regulation of marine resource use. The role of 
economic theory in development of marine resource 
policy. Prerequisites: ECB 281 or ECB 282, and ECB 

ECB/MNB 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and statistics 
in business decision making. Optimization tech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the 
"best" solutions to business problems.. Prerequisites: 
ECB 281 and ECB 260M. 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies com- 
pared to show how different institutional arrange- 
ments lead to different ways of making economic 
decisions. Former Soviet Union, Eastern European 
nations. People's Republic of China included. 
Prerequisite: ECB 281 or 282. 

ECB/MNB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

History and development of monetary system and 
financial structure. Money creation and influence on 
macroeconomic activity. Monetary policy implica- 
tions of regulatory agencies. Prerequisite: ECB 282. 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimination 
and segregation, and the urban financial crisis. 
Prerequisite: ECB 281. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and political 
as well as economic aspects of development. 
Prerequisites: ECB 281 or 282. 

ECB 389 Natural Resource and 
Environmental Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and evaluating 
natural resource and environmental policy issues. 
Developing models of optimal use of resources: land, 
water, energy, their development, allocation, pricing. 
Prerequisite: ECB 281. 

ECB 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic ideas 
as developed and expounded by Western economists. 
The teachings of the mercantilists, physiocrats, 
Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, 
Marshall, German and American schools of thought. 

ECB 460 Econometrics 

Introduction to applied econometrics including 
analysis of dummy variables, violations of classical 
assumptions. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

ECB 480 International Economics: 
Foreign Exchange 

Theory, operation, government policies, balance of 
international payments, exchange-rate adjustments, 
interrelationship between macroeconomy and 
international economy. Prerequisite: ECB 282. 

ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, protection- 
ism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, 
US-Japan-EEC trade issues, developing countries, 
solutions for international trade problems. Prerequi- 
site: ECB 281. 

ECB 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: ECB 281 and 282 
and permission of instructor. 


The advisors for the program are Harry Ellis, 
Professor of Physics, and Edmund Gallizzi, Professor 
of Computer Science. Students who wish to pursue 
a dual-degree program should consult with one of the 
advisors as early as possible in their academic 

For description see page 11. 


Environmental Studies 


Environmental perspective courses provide opportu- 
nities for students to address issues in the environ- 
mental realm in such a manner as to enhance their 
knowledge of the natural world, and to make 
informed value judgements concerning the environ- 
mental consequences of personal and social actions. 

AML/ESL 314E The Environment in 
American Thought 

For description, see American Studies. 

ANCABC 262E Environment, Population, 
and Culture 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

BIN 20 IE Ecosystems of Florida 

For description see Biology. 

CRA 300E The City: An Environmental 
Art Form 

Examine cities in art, literature, and music, and build 
cities through computer simulations. Thoroughfares, 
relation between work and family, public institutions 
for neighborhoods, space required to support them 

HDA 208E Your Health and the 

For description see Human Development. 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

For description see History. 

IBC/ANC 262E Environment, Population 
and Culture 

For description see Anthropology. 

INI 29 IE Science and Natural History in 
London: Writings about the Earth Household 

For description see International Education/London 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

PEL 310E Ideas of Nature 

For description see Philosophy. 

REL 250E Ecology and Chaos 

REL 381E Ecotheology 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

See also Sea Semester. 


The environmental studies major will provide 
students with an educational specialty grounded in 
the subjects and issues related to the natural 
environment, and the relationship of the human 
being to the natural environment. The major offers 
the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary inquiry, 
integrating knowledge across the natural sciences, 
behavioral sciences, and humanities. The major 
develops analytical tools and skills for understanding 
the environment, while emphasizing the role of 
beliefs, values, ethics and aesthetics in shaping 
human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analysis, 
social, historical and global awareness; philosophical 
and ethical inquiry; writing and composition; oral 
presentation; educational techniques and strategies; 
legal research; and group enterprise. This will 
prepare students for careers in such diverse fields as 
environmental and urban planning, natural resource 
management, scientific journalism, environmental 
law and policy making, parks and recreation, 
landscape and architecture, public health, education, 
the arts, and many more. 

A minor in environmental studies requires six 
courses: Introduction to Environmental Studies, two 
courses each from two of the core areas (science, 
social science, humanities) and one course from the 
third core area. 

Students will graduate with a B.A. degree, and will 
complete a series of core courses, and then must 
choose from among two specialized tracks to major 
in. Each track reflects a different orientation that 
matches the students' abilities and interests with 
their coursework. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental Policy 

The policy track emphasizes courses in economics, 
political science, other social sciences, and writing, 
orienting students toward policy analysis, planning, 
administration, education, communication, and 
related fields. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 

The humanities track emphasizes courses in 
philosophy, religion, history and literature, with an 
orientation toward values and the integration of 
differing modes of reason and discourse. 

CORE REQUIREMENTS (completed by all 
students in the major): 

ESN/B/L 172 Introduction to Environmental Studies 


Environmental Studies 

Two introductory science courses: choose from 

• ESN 211 Introduction to Earth Science 

• ESN 270 Introduction to Environmental Biology 

• CHN 1 10 Introduction to Chemistry 

One upper-level science course: choose from 

• ESN 311 Advanced Environmental Geology 
(Prerequisite: Introduction to Earth Science) 

• MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology (Prerequisite: 
Fundamental Physics I or permission of instructor) 

• MSN/BIN3 1 5 Elasmobrach Biology and Manage- 
ment. (Prerequisited: Vertebrate Biology or 
Biodiversity II; and junior standing.) 

• ESN /BIN 371 Conservation Biology. (Prerequi- 
site: Intro to Environmental Biology, Biodiversity, 
Botany, Invertebrate or Vertebrate Biology.) 

• ESN 312 Wetlands (Prerequisite: Intro to Earth 

• ESN 313 Water Resources (Prerequisite: Intro to 
Earth Science) or 

• ESN 372 Estuaries (Prerequisite: Intro to 
Environmental Studies and Intro to Environmental 

Two social science courses: choose from 

• ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

• CRA 300E The City: An Environmental Art 

• ECB 389 Natural Resource and Environmental 
Economics (Prerequisite: Microeconomics) 

• ESB 311 Coastal Issues 

• ESB 315 Wildlife Policy (Prerequisite: Intro to 
Environmental Studies 

• ESB 401 Advanced Natural Resource Policy 
(Prerequisites: Wildlife Policy or Environmental 
Policy and Politics) 

• HDA 329 The Person-Environment Equaltion 

• MNB 385 Total Quality Environmental Manage- 

• POB 325 Environmental Policy and Politics 

• POB 313 International Environmental Law 

• SLB 405 Human Ecology 

Two humanities courses: choose from 

• AML/ESL 3 HE Environment in American 

• ESL 382 Nature/Sacred: Religion/Ecology 

• HIL 353E Environmental History 

• LI A 328E Literature and Ecology 

• PLL 240 Philosophy of Technology 

• PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

• PLL 310E Ideas of Nature 

• PLL 33 1 Environmental Aesthetics 

• REL 3 5 OF Ecology, Chaos and the Sacred 

• REL381EEcotheology 

• PDF 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

• ESN/B/L/ 498 Research Seminar and Senior 
Comprehensive in Environmental Studies. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental Policy 

A Statistical Methods Course: choose from 

• BEB 260M Statistical Methods for Natural 

• MAN 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

• MNB/FCB 260M Statistical Methods for Mgt & 

• POB 260M Political Science Research Methods 

• PSB 200 & 201M Statistics and Research Design 
I and II 

• SLB 160M Statistical Methods 

An Upper-level Environmental Writing Course: 
choose from 

• FDF 324 Thinking, Researching and Writing 

• FDF 322 Writing Environmental Policy 

An Additional Science/Computer Science require- 
ment: choose from 

• another introductory or upper-level science 
course in the core 

• CSN 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

• CSN 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

Two Policy Courses: choose from 

• another social science course in the core 

• ECB 372 Trade and the Environment (Prerequi- 
site: Microeconomics or Macroeconomics) 

• ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy (Prerequisite: 
Microeconomics and Statistics) 

• ECB 387 Urban Economics (Prerequisite: 

• ECB 388 Economic Development (Prerequisites: 
Microencomics or Macroeconomics) 

• Environmental Computer Modeling (Prerequi- 
site: Statistics) 

• POB 313 International Law 

• POB 314 International Organizations (Prerequi- 
sites: Introduction to International Relations and 
one other political science course) 

• POL 301 The Constitution and Government 

• POL 302 TTie Constitution and Individual Rights 

• POL 305 Political Parties and Interest Groups 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 
Humanities Track 

At least one additional core course in the social or 
natural sciences. At least one of the natural science 
core courses must be in the biological sciences. 

Two additional core courses in the humanities. The 
four core courses selected should represent three 

Two or more additional courses in the humanities 
drawn primarily from the following list. 

• AML 307 Rebels with a Cause 


Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 

• FDF 322 Writing Environmental Policy 

• FDF 324 Thinking, Researching, and Writing 

• HIL 324 Native American History 

• LIA 242 Introduction to Native American 

• LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British Literature 

• LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution and Human 

• PLL 241 Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

• HIL/PLL/AML 346G Native American Thought 
Students planning to attend graduate school are 
strongly urged to develop additional depth and 
coverage in philosophy, history, religious studies, or 

ESN/ESB/ESL 172 Introduction to 
Environmental Studies 

Such topics as conserving biological diversity, 
sustaining energy, shaping cities, strengthening 
global environmental governance. Human roles and 
responsibilities, the scientific, political, economic, 
and ethical issues involved in the attainment of a 
sustainable future. 

ESN 211 Introduction to Earth Sciences 

Introduction to major topics in geology, oceanogra- 
phy, meteorology, and astronomy, the natural forces 
that shape our physical environment, in order to 
appreciate and preserve the planet. 

ESN 270 Introduction to Environmental 

Study of ways in which humans affect and are 
affected by the environment, which focus on biology. 
General ecology, population, genetics, identification 
and use of natural resources, pollution, social 
institutions, ethics. 

ESN 311 Advanced Environmental Geology 

Environmental management, water supply and 
quality, waste disposal, energy production and use, 
flooding and coastal erosion. Managed solutions and 
difficulties with them. Field/laboratory' oriented. 
Prerequisite: ESN 211 or MSN 208. 

ESN 312 Wetlands 

Explore wetland classification, delineation, hydrol- 
ogy, and biogeochemistry. After mastering these 
concepts you will map local wetlands using a 
geographic information system (GIS). Prerequisites: 
ESN 211 or permission of instructor. 

ESN 313 Water Resources 

Natural mechanisms and human activities control- 
ling the composition of natural waters. Topics 
include rainwater, groundwater, rivers, lakes, 
estuaries, oceans and ocean-atmosphere interactions. 
Prerequisites: ESN 2 11 or permission of instructor. 

ESB 315 Wildlife Policy 

Introduces students to historical and current wildlife 
law and policy in the United States, particularly the 
Endangered Species Act, and the skills necessary for 
analyzing wildlife policy through case study analysis. 
Prerequisites: sophomore standing and ESN/ESB/ 
ESL 172. 

ESN 371 Conservation Biology 

Examine problems such as species decline and 
endangerment, invasion by non-native species, 
habitat destruction and fragmentation, loss of 
biodiversity, and potential solutions, such as 
endangered species management, habitat restoration, 
ecosystem management. Prerequisite: ESN 270 or 
pennission of instructor. 

ESN 372 Estuaries 

Examination of the unique environments of estuaries 
with a focus on Tampa Bay; including aspects of 
estuarine biology, chemistry, and geology, impact of 
human activities, and estuarine management. 
Prerequisites: ESN/ESB/ESL 172 and ESN 270 or 
permission of instructor. 

ESL/REL 382 Nature and the Sacred: 
Religion and Ecology 
See Religious Studies. 

ESB 401 Advanced Natural Resource Policy 

Designed to help advanced students apply practical 
policy analysis methods and the theories that 
underlie them and to identify, define, and analyze 
problems in natural resource conservation and 
develop recommendations to address them. Prereq- 
uisites: any one of the following courses: ESB 315, 

ESN 498 Research Seminar and Senior 
Comprehensive in Environmental Studies 

Student reports on research projects carried out in 
consultation with instructor and one other faculty 
member. Readings on various methodologies for 
studying the environment. 


FIH 301 The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning methods. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 


Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 

FIH 302 The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on students' knowledge of history 
to address a significant intellectual problem of the 
future. Prerequisite: FIH 301 and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 

FSS 410 Fort Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Scholars 
Program. Shared reflections on issues pertaining to 
research, teaching, and other aspects of teaching as a 
career. Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
for a total of one course credit. 


See Modem Languages. 


See Women's and Gender Studies. 


GEC 250 Geography (Directed Study) 
Concepts, theories and substantive material of 
modem geography. Relationship between material 
environment and human cultural systems. 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

(Directed Study) 

Relationship of human activities to natural environ- 
ment on world-wide basis. Soils, land forms, climate, 
vegetation, minerals and the cultural systems of 
different areas of the world. 


See Modem Languages. 


Global perspective courses provide an encounter 
with cultures and/or histories whose bases (philo- 
sophical, religious, ethical, aesthetic) or world views 
differ significantly from those of the Western 
European or North American tradition. Such a 
course will encourage students to view their own 
cultural traditions and assumptions in the larger 
context of the world's diversity. Given the inherent 
educational value of having cultural experiences in 
other parts of the world, which naturally encourage 

cultural comparisons with the student's own, all 
off-campus programs outside the United States are 
eligible for global perspective designation. 

ANC 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 
ANC 203G Cultures of the Middle East 
ANC 207G Chinese Communist Society 
ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 
ANC 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 
ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 
ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 
ANC 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

ANC 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CUCAVHF 183G United States Area Studies 

For description see Western Heritage. 

EAL 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EAL 303G Individual and Society in Chinese 

EAL 3 lOG Modem China 

EAL 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

FRC 325G Creole Literature and Culture 

FRC 392G Francophone Africa and the 

For descriptions see Modem Languages, French. 

HDA 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

For description see Human Development 

HIC 232G World History to Columbus 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modem 

HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World 

HIC/RUC 283G Russia: Perestroika to the 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

MNB 23 OG Asian Managerial Practices 

For description see Management. 

MUA356G World Music 

For description see Music. 



PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern 
Philosophy (Directed Study available) 
For description see Philosophy. 

POB 103G Introduction to International 

POB 104G Introduction to Comparative Politics 

POB 211G Inter- American Relations 

POB 23 IG Pohtics: East Asian Nations 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

REL 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 
REL 240G Non- Western Religions 

REL 3 19G The Hindu Tradition 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

RUC/HIC 283G Russia: Perestroika to the 

For description see History. 

RUC 30 IG Introduction to Russian 
Literature and Culture 

For description see Russian Studies 

THA 30 IG Living and Performing in Avigon 

For description see Theatre. 


Students majoring in history are expected to be familiar 
with the fields of American and European history and 
have awareness of world history. Students who complete 
this major demonstrate the following competencies: 

knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields. 

- ability to think historically with regard to issues 
such as causation, cultural diffusion, the role of the 
individual in history, geographic and demographic 
influences in history, and gender and minority issues 
in the past, citing examples from both the Western 
tradition and the wider global experience. 

- awareness of the historical method and historiog- 
raphy generally, and knowledge of the historiogra- 
phy of at least one field with some thoroughness. 

- ability to locate bibliographical information on 
historical topics, and to engage in scholarly writing 
such as book and film reviews, annotated bibliogra- 
phies, and historical and historiographical essays. 

- ability to do historical research based on 
primary source material. 

Smdents take ten courses, one of which may be a winter 
term project, including three in American and three in 


European history, at least one course in world history or a 
non- Western history course, and HIL 400. At least six of 
these courses must be at or above the 300 level. Students 
interested in history begin with any 200 level course in 
American or European history, if they have not received 
AP credit for these fields. Junior and Senior level courses 
in history build on the foundation of the survey courses, 
and may be taken only with the appropriate prerequisites, 
or permission of the instmctor. 

A minor in history consists of six history courses, two 
in American, two in European, one in global or 
non-Western history, and HIL 400. At least four of 
the courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

HIL 203 Europe in Transition: 1300-1815 

Medieval roots of modem Europe, Renaissance, 
Reformation, economic and geographic expansion, 
scientific revolution. Enlightenment, French and 
Industrial Revolutions. 

HIL 204 The Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Nationalism and liberalism, industrial revolution, 
imperialism. World War I and its consequences, 
Russian Revolution, depression, rise of dictatorships. 
Intellectual developments of the period. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 
Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, development of a 
democratic society, slavery. Civil War, Reconstruc- 
tion. Various interpretations of the American 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 
Transformation from an agrarian to an industrial 
nation. Industrial Revolution, urbanization, rise to 
world power, capitalism. New Deal, world wars, cold 
war, recent developments. Social, cultural, political 
and economic emphasis. 

HIC 232G World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of major 
Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with emphasis on the 
evolution of the "Great Traditions," cultural 
diffusion, interaction of cultures. 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modem World 

History of the world since 1500 with emphasis on the 
interaction of Western ideas and institutions with the 
rest of the world. Contributions of geography, and 
demography to understanding the world today. 

HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World 

Events, issues, concerns of the world: two world wars, 
"cold war," struggles of colonial areas for indepen- 
dence and development, world interdependence, 



HIL/CLL 242 Ancient Greek History 

For description see Classics. 

HIC 244 Cultural History of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Russian 
culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet attitudes 
toward culture. Permission of instructor required for 
Freshmen. Offered in alternate years. 

HIC/RUC 283G Russia from Perestrioka to 

An examination of contemporary Russian society 
fi-om the beginning of Gorbachev's Perestroika to 
the present. The fall of Communism with special 
attention to the processes of socialization and daily 
life for Russians. 

HIL 321 Women in Modem America: The 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

(Directed Study available) - 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women in 
literature and film. Changes in women's position in 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, international- 
ism, isolationism, pacifism, collective security, "New 
Left" anti-imperialism. Controversies over Cold War. 

HIL 323 From the Rapper to Rosie the 

Riveter: History of Women in the 

U.S. 1920-1945 

History of American women and the family, images 

of women in popular culture and literature, impact of 

the Great Depression and World War II on the 


HIL 324 Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian-White 
relations, changing governmental policy. Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. 

HIL 330 Reconstruction 

Study of one of the most turbulent, controversial eras 
in American history. In the past thirty years the 
traditional view of this period has come under 
intense scrutiny. What emerges is a much more 
balanced account of this crucial period. 

HICA- 331-332 Special Topics in History 

In addition to opportunities for independent study 
and research, faculty will occasionally offer special 
topics courses. 

HIL 333 History of the Vietnam War 

Establishment of Vietnamese nation in HI B.C., its 
struggle for autonomy despite foreign invasion 
throughout its long history. The impact of the 
Vietnam War on American society, antiwar 
movement during Johnson and Nixon administra- 
tions, analysis of the war's legacy. 

HIL 334 African American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from the 
Colonial period to the Reconstruction. Participation 
in American Revolution, rise of Cotton Kingdom, 
development of distinct culture. Civil War and 

HIL 335 African American History II 

African- American history from Reconstruction to 
the present. Developments in education, racism, 
participation in military, socioeconomic develop- 
ment. Civil Rights movement and legislation. 

HIL 336 Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

Black participation in World War II, the effects of 
the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HIL 337 The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contributed 
to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina Nullifica- 
tion Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, and John 
Brown's raid. Impact of the war on both North and 
South. PBS video on Civil War is used. 

HIL 388 The Harlem Renaissance 

Emergence of a new literary and artistic movement 
within the African- American community in the 
1920's, and how it affected other social movements 
in American society. Helpful, but not required, to 
have had African-American History I and II. 

HIL/AML 339 The Great Depression and 
American Life 

Explore American life during the Great Depression 
in its social, cultural, and environmental aspects 
using literature and mass media (news papers, radio, 
movies), as well as the accounts of everyday life from 
a variety of perspectives. Through on-line archival 
resources, explore the same sources that cultural 
historians use to re-construct historical conscious- 

HIC 342 The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles and 
Swedes, influence of the West. 


HIC 343 Modem Russia and the Soviet 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity and 
change in Russian and Soviet history, and the former 
Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and world 

HIC 344 The History of the Two 
St. Petersburgs 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida and St. 
Petersburg, Russia. 

HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

American culture, thought and social institutions to 
1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th century 
democracy, slavery, racism. Prerequisite: previous 
college level work in American history. 

HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
from 1865 to present: Darwinism, industrialism, 
Progressive Movement, liberal democracy in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: previous college work in 
American history. 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of Our Times 

(Directed Study available) 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history since 

World War 11. Transformation of American society 

since 1945 and the new position of the U.S. in world 


HIL/AML 339 The Great Depression and 
American Life 

Explore American life during the Great Depression 
in its social, cultural, and environmental aspects 
using literature and mass media (news papers, radio, 
movies), as well as the accounts of everyday life from 
a variety of perspectives. Through on-line archival 
resources, we will explore the same sources that 
cultural historians use to reconstruct historical 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

The role and place of nature in human life, and the 
interactions that societies in the past have had with 
the environment. Concentrates on the U.S., but 
provides methodological approaches to the broader 

HIL 361 Modem France: 1815 to Present 

Political, social, economic and intellectual develop- 
ment of France from the revolution to the fall of 
DeGauUe's government. Prerequisite: HIL 204G or 
HIC/L 234G or permission of instructor. 


HIL 363 Renaissance Italy and the Arts 

A chronological study of the development of 
Renaissance humanism in Italy from its origins in 
H^*" century Florence to its artistic expressions in 
16th century Venice and Rome. There are no 
pre-requisites but students must be able to use the 
library well. 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Reformation theology in its political and institu- 
tional context. Theology and structure of each 
branch of the Reformation, and the political 
contexts of the various movements. Prerequisite: 
HIL 203G or permission of instructor. 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's 

Methodology and approach of women's history. 
Topics vary by semester, but include such subjects as 
women in the Christian tradition, and women and 
war in the 20th Century. Prerequisite: one of either 
HIL 203G, 204G, 23 2G, 233G, or permission of 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Social, political and intellectual developments of 
18th century France as manifested in the people and 
events of Paris. Students may pursue topics in their 
own discipline. Prerequisite: HIL 203G or permission 
of instructor. • -, :_ 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

Survey of economic, social and political patterns 
from 19th century independence to present, with 
continuities in trade, Ibor, leadership and social order 
reflecting Latin America's colonial heritage, and its 
contemporary role in the global economy. 

HIL 374 Celtic Culture and History 

Study of the history of Celtic peoples from antiquity 
to the present with special focus on the social, 
cultural, and religious developments of ancient 
Celtic culture and the subsequent political and 
cultural subordination of Celtic culture to the 
dominant cultures in Britain, France, Spain, and 
elsewhere in Europe. No prerequisites. 

HIC 389 History of East Central Europe 

Geography, linguistics, religion, nationalism and 
political realities. Prerequisite: at least one course in 
European or Russian history, or permission of 

HIC/HIL 400 Towards a New Past: Making 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the field. 
Historians whose interpretations have had a major 
impact on their fields. Required for history majors. 


Honors Program 


For description see page 17. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context (Honors) (Freshman year) 

For description see Western Heritage. 

Academic Area Courses (Sophomore and 
Junior years) 

Two academic area courses are designated each year 
as Honors courses. Please consult the course 
schedule. Honors students are required to take at 
least two academic area courses designated as Honors 

SSH 410 Honors Colloquium (Senior year) 

A student-directed seminar focusing on both 
common curriculum experiences and specific policy 
and values issues related to the students' individual 
disciplines. A two semester course for one course 

Students taking the Senior Honors Colloquium also 
take the Senior Seminar in their collegium or 
discipline, if it is required. 


Students majoring in human development are 
prepared for graduate programs in counseling, 
counseling psychology, social work, marriage and 
family therapy, education, or related allied therapy 
fields and for entry level positions in human services. 
By developing a strong foundation of self-knowledge 
and understanding of others across the lifespan, 
students leam how to help people reach their fullest 
potential whether in business, government, educa- 
tion, private practice, or human service agency 

Human Development graduates are expected to 

- knowledge of the key theories of human 
development; the basic approaches to helping 
individuals, groups, and families resolve 
problems and maximize their potential; and a 
multicultural perspective on human growth and 

- skills in interpersonal communication, public 
speaking, and group facilitation 

- skill in research methods and writing employed 
by those in the helping professions and effective 
use of library and computer-based resources. 

- an understanding and application of ethical 
principles and personal responsibility in the 
helping professions. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses and 
Senior comprehensive paper. 

Core courses in the major include the following 
which are listed in the order in which they should be 
taken. All courses require a grade of C or better to 
qualify for graduation in the major. 

1 . Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

4. Group Dynamics 

5. Cross Cultural Communication and Counseling 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Internship in Human Development 

10. Senior Seminar 

The extensive 210-hour internship and a minimum 
of five (5) other courses are required in the emphasis 
area of the student's choice. Students may choose an 
area of emphasis in mental health, wellness and 
holistic health, early childhood, youth services, or 
social work. In special cases the student in conjunc- 
tion with a Mentor may design an alternative area. 

To minor in human development, a student must 
complete Introduction to Human Development, 
Counseling Strategies Theory and Practice, and 
three of the following: Social Ecology and Mental 
Health, Ethical Issues in Human Development, 
Cross Cultural Communications and Counseling, 
Development of Human Consciousness, or Group 

HDA 101 Introduction to Human 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community family support; relationships between 
personal values and life problems. Field trips. 

HDA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Behaviors, attitudes and problems of adolescents. 
Controversial social and values issues. Prerequisite: 
PSB 101 or HDA 101 or permission of instructor. 
Not offered on a regular basis. 

HDA 204 Socialization; A Study of Gender 

Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual difference, 
effects on mental health and unifying aspects of 
masculine/feminine nature; influence of culture, 
understanding socialization processes. Recom- 
mended: HDA 101 or PSB 101 or SLB 101. 


Human Development 

HDA 205 Theory and Practice in Student 

Theoretical and philosophical foundations of 
postsecondary student affairs profession, functional 
units, organizational approaches, current issues, 
necessary skills. Prerequisite: HDA 101 or permission 
of instructor. Not offered on a regular basis 

HDA 207 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, includ- 
ing participation, observation and analysis; investiga- 
tion of roles of group members, transitional stages, 
leadership, and group functioning. 

HDA 208E Your Health and the 

Socioecological model of health addresses ways in 
which human health is influenced by both environ- 
mental and personal factors. Exams and individual 
health project. 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, Scape- 
goat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their continued effect 
on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, benefits/losses of 
specific roles. Compare healthy and dysfunctional 
families. Prerequisite: HDA 101 or PSB lOL 

HDA 210 Counseling Strategies: Theory and 

Overview of counseling process and career explora- 
tion in the helping professions. Review of psycho- 
therapeutic approaches. For students planning to use 
counseling related skills in their careers. Prerequisite: 
HDA 101 or PSB 101 or permission of instructor. 

HDA 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. General systems frame- 
work utilized. Current professional trends in the local 
community, newspaper reading and guest lecturers. 
Prerequisite: HDA 101. 

HDA 271 Peer Education Training: 
Leadership and Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for targeted groups in health, mental 
health, leisure, education, and other settings to meet 
needs and interests of different populations. Prereq- 
uisite: HDA 101, 207, or permission of instructor. 

HDA 305 Human Diversity: Overcoming 

Characteristics, needs and intervention implications 
for handicapped populations. Prerequisites: SLB 101 
or HDA 101. Not offered on a regular basis. 

HDA 310 Expressive and Allied Therapy 

Expressive therapy in hospitals, agencies, nursing 
homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HDA 210. Not offered on a 
regular basis. 

HDA 324 Counseling Strategies for Children 

A multi modal approach to learning current theories 
of counseling with children: process, play, selection 
of toys, limited setting, relationships with parents, 
etc. Prerequisites: HDA 1018 or PSB 101, HDA 
210, or permission of instructor. 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

(Directed Study available) 
Holistic/wellness paradigm to health involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and 
vocational aspects. Theory, research, alternative 
health care, counseling procedures. Prerequisites: 
HDA 101, 208E, 210 or permission of instructor. 
Generally offered alternate years. 

HDA 327 Social Ecology and Mental Health 

Theory, practice, development and research in 
community mental health systems. Survey of local 
programs; overview of medical and developmental 
models and strategies; practice in designing programs 
for the Eckerd College community. Prerequisites: 
PSB 101 or HDA 101, HDA 210, and Statistics. 

HDA 328 Cross'cultural Communication and 

The elements of culture and their influence on world 
view, language, contextual definitions of proper 
communication; theories of cross-cultural communi- 
cation; cognitive, affective, verbal and non-verbal 
dimensions of communication. Experiential practice. 
Prerequisite: HDA 210 or permission of instructor. 

HDA 329 The Person-Environment Equation 

How environmental studies and concepts are used in 
community mental health and social science fields to 
provide holistic approaches to complex problems of 
human development. Natural and built aspect of the 
physical environment and their relationship to 
mental, emotional, and psychosocial human actions. 
Small group field research. 

HDA 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

Modem Japanese family systems as a window 
introducing Japanese culture. Self identity, role 
behaviors, and values/expectations in social, 
educational, religious, political, economic and 
aesthetic context. How culture is constructed and 
transmitted across generations. Seminar with focused 
library and web research, film series. 



Human Development 

HDA 383 Development of Human 

Investigate interdisciplinary theories, practices, and 
research in normal and altered state of consciousness 
and the evolution of human consciousness. Forms of 
consciousness leading to better health, well being, 
creativity and spiritual, valuing dimensions of life. 

HDA 386 Ethical Issues in Human 

Ways that people express their personal, professional, 
and cultural values as they struggle with challenging 
ethical dilemmas in the helping professions such as 
counseling, the law, ministry, and health care. 
Personal ethical analysis and professional codes of 

HDA 401 Internship in Human Development 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site hours 
of off-campus placements, such as centers for drug 
abuse, delinquency, women's services, mental health. 
Bi-weekly seminar. Prerequisite: Senior standing and 
permission of instructor. 

HDA 304 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing indi- 
vidual problems and strengths. Role played and 
videotaped counseling sessions, supervised counsel- 
ing experience appropriate to student's level. 
Prerequisites: HDA 210. 

HDA 404 Leadership and Administrative 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human service 
organizations, administrative tools and techniques, 
facilitating the change process, and leadership 
development. HDA 327 and Junior or Senior 
standing or permission of instructor. 

HDA 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory, process and applications of group develop- 
ment and counseling. Lab practice of effective group 
membership and leadership behaviors. In class 
videotaping and additional group observation 
project. Prerequisites: PSB 101 or HDA 101, 207, 
and 210. 

HDA 410 Social Policy and Social 

Explore aspects of professional and social develop- 
ment. Analyses of socioeconomic issues and social 
development approaches and strategies. Enter into 
theoretical and developmental debates. Presenta- 
tions, guest speakers, projects. 


Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordinated 
by the Letters Collegium. Working together, the 
student and Mentor design a ten course program 
focusing on a central topic (e.g., historical period, 
geographical area, cultural/intellectual movement), 
using the methodology of one core discipline (art, 
foreign language, history, literature, music, philoso- 
phy, political science, religion, sociology, theatre), 
supplemented with courses from complementary 
disciplines. Humanities students are encouraged to 
participate in integrative humanities courses, such as 
the Letters Senior Seminar. 

Five courses must be from the core discipline. The 
other five courses may be drawn from complemen- 
tary disciplines. At least five courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. No later than the Junior year, 
a guiding committee of three faculty from disciplines 
in the student's program is selected. This committee 
designs and evaluates the Senior comprehensive 
examination, or may invite the student to write a 
Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies 

- knowledge of the topical focus from an interdisci- 
plinary perspective, demonstrated by the ability 
to speak and write intelligently about it 

- ability to understand and use the methodologi- 
cal processes of the core discipline, demon- 
strated by the successful completion of a 
comprehensive exam, thesis, or project 

- ability to locate bibliographical information and 
to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 


The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies and 
experiences related to career opportunities and/or 
preparation for graduate work. The competencies 
achieved in the major are 

- knowledge of international business fields 
within a multidisciplinary perspective, includ- 
ing anthropology, management, foreign 
language, foreign experience, economics, 
political science, culture area, marketing, 
accounting, finance, and personnel manage- 

- cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on cross-cultural 
issues in business and community life. 

- preparation for careers in international business. 


International Business 

- preparation for graduate degree programs in the 
field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are 


Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent, with a 
minimum average of 2.0. 

World Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology with a C or better, 
one cultural area course, and one course to be chosen 
from a list of internationally-focused economics and/ 
or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, Principles of Marketing, International 
Management, Finance, the latter two courses with a 
C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International 
Business, International Marketing, International 
Finance and Banking, Personnel and Global 
Resource Management, and the comprehensive 
examination Multinational Corporate Strategy, all 
with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, Precalculus, Calculus I or 
Introduction to Computer Science. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 
program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. International 
students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology 

Cultural Area course 

Mathematics requirement 

Cultural Environment of International Business 

Sophomores and Juniors 

Foreign experience 




International Management 



International politics and/or economics course 

Personnel and Global Human Resources 


A concentration is available in personnel and global 
human resources management (see separate 

description). This concentration may be taken 
separately or in conjunction with the international 
business major. 


International Finance and Banking 

International Marketing 

Senior Seminar 

Senior Comprehensive Examination 

Requirements for a minor include successful 
completion of Introduction to Anthropology, The 
Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance and 
Banking, and an overseas winter term or other 
program in a foreign country. 

IBC/ANC 260 The Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

IBC/ANC 262E Environment, Population, 
and Culture 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

IBC 275 The Sex Role Revolution in 

Issues related to the history, problems and prospects 
of women in management. The impact of the 
sex-role revolution on women and men in corpora- 
tions (the course is not for women only). 

ICB 310 Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE) 

Socially responsible competition for customers, 
profits, and entrepreneurship. Economic principles, 
market ethics, educational outreach. Meet with 
ASPEC and SIFE executives and entrepreneurs. 
Prerequisities: Sophomore and permission of 

IBC/MNB 321 Consumer Behavior and 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding the 
consumer decision-making process. The impact and 
value issues of the consumer movement. 

IBC/ANC 361 International Management 

Anthropologists have pioneered the study of 
management in non-Western cultures. Read 
background material comparing management 
practices in North America and other regions. Read 
a series of Harvard case studies; solve cross-cultural 
problems involving American corporations in 
foreign cultures and vice-versa. Prerequisite: Junior 
or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing and 
marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 


International Business 

IBC/MNB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 
Prerequisite: IBC 369. 

IBC/MNB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development, market research, cost/ revenue 
breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. Prerequi- 
site: IBC/MNB 369 and Statistics. 

ICB/MNB 375 Marketing Channels and 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency and 
economy. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC 376 Personnel and Global Human 
Resources Management 

Theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, including 
job definition, staffing, training and development, 
compensation and benefits, labor relations, environ- 
mental analysis and human resource planning and 
controlling. Draws on research from the EC Human 
Resource Institute. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

IBC/MNB 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the invest- 
ment world with emphasis on the private sector. 
Prerequisites: MNB 271, IBC 361 and either ECB 


IBC/MNB 379 Retail Organization and 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. Prerequi- 
site: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 380 Sales Management 

Communication skills, buyer's motivations, indi- 
vidual demonstrations of the basic steps to selling, 
illustrating how selling is a catalyst for the entire 
economy and for society in general. Prerequisite: 
IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC 396/496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research I, II 

Theory and practice of personnel and global 
resources management planning and applied 
research in organizations. Students participate in 
ongoing industry research projects of the Human 
Resource Institute (e.g., personnel strategic plan- 
ning, environmental scanning for personnel 

functions such as recruitment and training). 
Prerequisite: IBC 376 and permission of instructor. 

IBC 401 Internship in International Business 

A field-based learning experience at international 
businesses or agencies that support and promote 
international business. Periodic meetings with the 
sponsoring professor. Prerequisite: Senior. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International 

Senior seminar for international business majors. 
Study moral issues and ethical problems to under- 
stand complexities, interplay of values, law and 
ethics as they affect international business praxis. 

IBC/MNB 475 Investment Analysis 

(Directed Study available) 

Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using the 
computer and other sophisticated techniques. 
Prerequisites: IBC 378 or MNB 377. 

IBC 477 Entrepreneur ship 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ventures 
contributing to society. Entrepreneurial project. 
Prerequisites: IBC 361, 369, and 378. IBC 498 may 
be taken concurrently. 

IBC 480 Proctoring in International Business 

Practical leadership experience for advanced 
students. The main task of this course will be to 
coach students enrolled in International Manage- 
ment with respect to decision making in case 
situations. Course prerequisites are IBC 361 and 
Instructor's permission. 

IBC 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IBC 369. 

IBC 486 International Finance and Banking 

International banking system, foreign exchange risk 
management, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prerequisite: 
ECB 282, and MNB 377 or IBC 378. 

IBC 496 Personnel Planning and Industry 
Research II 

For description see IBC 396. 

IBC 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Comprehensive offered during spring semester. 



International Education 



The Eckerd College London Study Centre is a 
centrally located 200-year-old Georgian row house. 
The program is led by a different Eckerd College 
faculty member each semester, who lives at the 
centre with the students. 

ART 321 Art History: British Painting 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner studied in 
depth. Collections of George III, Sir John Soane, 
Duke of Wellington and other cormoisseurs of the 
period discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

ART 35 1 A History of English Architecture 

(Directed Study) 

For the London semester student, an introduction to 
the history of English architecture, from 
Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No prerequisites, 
but some contact with art or art history is recom- 

ECI 300 The Industrial Revolution 

(Directed Study) 

An interdisciplinary look at the Industrial Revolu- 
tion, the technological, social, economic, political, 
and cultural phenomena that transformed life and 
attitudes in 18th and 19th century England. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. Visiting 
experts in various fields, excursions and readings help 
students develop understanding of Britain today. 
The British Seminar is valid as a Global Perspective 

LII 327 Anglo-American Perspectives 

Explore the idea that England and the United States 
are "two countries divided by a common language," 
with all manner of different perspectives of our own 
and each other's cultures. Use of travel writers, 
novels and plays specifically concerned with 
academic life in the two countries and then ex- 
amples of drama where American and English 
writers have similar themes and structures, but 
produce very different results according to their 
instincts and assumptions. 

POI 301 Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

The course seeks first to provide an understanding of 
British political institutions - the constitution, the 
party systems, the workings of government- and 
secondly, an insight into the main political debates 

facing Britain, including the media, the conflict in 
Northern Ireland and issues of race and gender. 
Special attention will be given to the discussion of 
current political developments as they happen. 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain (Directed Study) 
The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an examination 
of the institutions which shape their lives. Prerequi- 
site: PSB 202 or a course in child development and 
consent of the instructor. 

THI 365 Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and guest 
lectures, covering drama from classical to modem. 
For students with a general interest in theatre, of 
whatever major. 


Eckerd College cooperates with several institutions 
to provide students with opportunities in other 
overseas locations. 

ISEP (International Student Exchange 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester or year 
at over 100 institutions throughout the world. Fees 
are paid to Eckerd College, and all scholarships, 
loans and grants apply as if on campus. 


Semester at the University of La Rochelle. Courses 
taught in French in a variety of disciplines. Summer, 
semester and academic year programs in Aix-en- 
Provence and Avignon through the Institute of 
American Universities. Instruction in English and 
French in the humanities, arts, and social sciences. 

Hong Kong 

Semester at Hong Kong Baptist University. Full 
range of courses. All majors. Instruction in English. 
No language prerequisite. 


Full-year or semester exchange opportunities at 
Kansai Gaidai (Osaka) or Nanzan University 
(Nagoya). Instruction in English. Focus on Japanese 
and Asian area studies. 


Semester or full-year at Ewha Womans University 
(Soeul). Wide range of courses. Instruction in 
English. No language prerequisite. 

Northern Ireland 

Semester at The Queen's University of Belfast or 
University of Ulster. Courses offered in most majors. 


International Education 

United Kingdom 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen, Scotland. Available to all majors; 
fiiU curriculum. 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Plymouth, England. Opportunities especially 
for science, computer science, and social science 


Semester, year-long and short term programs at the 
universities in Australia, New Zealand and Tasma- 
nia. AustraLeam is designed to assist students with 
admissions, accommodation arrangements, and 
travel opportunities. 

CIEE (Council on International Educational 

Summer, semester, and full year programs in 30 
countries in a wide variety of disciplines: Some sites 
offer intensive language instruction. 

College Year in Athens 

Summer, semester, and year-long programs. Ancient 
Greek civilization and Mediterranean studies; 
classroom study and instruction in museums and 
relevant sites, both ancient and modem. 

Instruction in English. 

ICADS (Institute for Central American 
Development Studies) 

Semester program in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and 
Belize for students concemed about social change 
and justice issues. Combines academic programs 
with opportunities for community projects and 
research. Academic foci: human rights, women's 
issues, environmental studies, agriculture, public 
health, education, wildlife conservation, and 
economic development. Two semesters of college 
Spanish recommended. 

International Partnership of Service Learning 

Semester, full-year or summer programs that 
integrate academic study and community service in 
the Czech Republic, Ecuador, England, France, 
India, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, the Phillippines, 
Scotland, and South Dakota (with native Ameri- 
cans). Disciplines include history, political science, 
language, literature, sociology, economics and 
anthropology. Service opportunities include: 
teaching/tutoring; working in health care with the 
physically or emotionally handicapped, recreation, 
and community development projects. 

SEA Semester 

Semester program for students combining the worlds 
of science and the humanities with a unique 

experience at sea. Courses include maritime studies 
(history, literature, contemporary issues), nautical 
science (sailing theory, navigation, ship's systems), 
and oceanography (marine biology, physical and 
chemical oceanography). No sailing experience is 
necessary. Junior standing recommended. 

Marine Language Scholarship Exchange with 
University of Liege, Belgium, Universityof 
Las Palmas, Canary Island, and University of 
La Rochelle, France 

Courses in marine science and biology are taught in 
French or Spanish. 

Information on all of the above is available from the 
International Education and Off-Campus Programs. 


The intemational relations and global affairs major is 
designed to provide students with an understanding 
of the intemational political and economic factors, 
relationships, and issues shaping today's global 
community. It is an interdisciplinary major, but its 
home discipline is political science. 

Students majoring in intemational relations and 
global affairs affiliate with the Behavioral Science 
Collegium and will be associates of the political 
science faculty. Students majoring in intemational 
relations and global affairs will gain competency in 
intemational political, economic, and foreign policy 
analysis, proficiency in a foreign language, and skills in 
research, writing, and oral communication. Students 
will also gain practical experience in international 
relations through their work in their practicum. 
Students will be prepared to go on to graduate study in 
intemational relations, the foreign service, or law. 
They will also be well prepared for a career in the 
intemational non-governmental community, service 
organizations, interest groups, or joumalism. 

The major requirements consist of three prerequisite 
courses: POB 103G Introduction to Intemational 
Relations, ECB 282 Principles of Macroeconomics, 
and HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World, plus 
six core courses distributed across the three core 
groups listed below. Also required are Political 
Science Research Methods, two and a half years of a 
foreign language, the intemational practicum, the 
Senior Seminar, and the Senior Comprehensive 
Exam. Students majoring in intemational relations 
and global affairs are also strongly encouraged to 
spend a semester or at least a winter term abroad. 
Beyond the three prerequisite courses already listed, 
a minimum of six core courses are required for the 
major, with at least two courses taken from each of 
the following core groups: 


International Relations and Global Affairs 

Group A - International Relations Theory, and 
Foreign Policy; Group B - Regional Studies; Group 
C - International Political Economy. The list of 
courses for each group includes: 

Group A. International Relations Theory and 
Foreign Policy: 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

HlC 233G Global History in the Modem Worid 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

IRB 340 Geneva and International Cooperation 

POB 200 Diplomacy and International Relations 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

POB 243 Human Rights and International Law 

POB 25 1 The Media and Foreign Policy 

POB 314 International Organization 

POB 3 1 5 Theories of War and Peace 

POB 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

POB 341 Ethics and International Relations 

POB 343 International Environmental Law 

POB 351 Politics & Process of U.S. Foreign 


Group B. Regional Studies Group: Students must 
take at least two courses, one each from 
different regions and one each from different 

ANC 203G Cultures of the Middle East 

ANC 207G Chinese Communist Society 

ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 

ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

EAL 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EAL 303G Individual and Society in Chinese 


EAL 310G Modem China 

EAL 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

HIC 244 Cultural History of Russia 

HIC 343 Modem Russia and the Soviet Union 

HIL 342 The Rise of Russia 

HIL 361 Modem France 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's History 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

HIL 389 History of Eastern Europe 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European Fiction 

POB 211G Inter- American Relations 

POB 23 IG East Asian Politics 

POB 311 Latin American Politics 

POB 321 Comparative European Politics 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

POB 324 East European Politics 

POB 333 Govemment and Politics of Japan 

POB 335 Govemment and Politics of China 

POB 336 Japan, Chma and the U.S. 

RUG/ Lie 234 Twentieth Century Russian 

Literature in Translation 

SPG 302 Survey of Spanish American Literature 

Group C. International Political Economy Group: 

ECB 370 Industrial Organization 

EGB 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

ECB 480 International Economics: Foreign 


ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

POB 241 Intemational Political Economy 

POB 242 The Politics of Defense 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the six 
core courses, and Political Science Research 
Methods, the major requires each of the following: 

Language Requirement: At least two and a half years 
(five semesters) of college level foreign language or 
the equivalent. More years of language or a second 
foreign language are strongly encouraged. For double 
majors with a modem foreign language, please see 
Modem Languages And Literatures. 

Intemational Practicum: A type of intemship that 
counts as at least one course credit and has both 
practical and reflective components. The practicum 
must have a clear intemational component if based 
locally or within the U.S.; it may include an 
independent study project abroad or a service abroad 
component (center intemational and national 
Winter Term and Spring-into-Summer courses may 
also apply). The student will work closely with a 
member of the political science faculty (or faculty 
from other disciplines represented in the major) in 
arranging for the practicum. The student is respon- 
sible for informing herself or himself of the available 
types of practicums, for choosing one that meets her 
or his needs, and for fulfilling the terms of the 
practicum contract in a timely manner. 

IRB 340 Geneva and Intemational 

Opportunity to visit and study United Nations 
agencies in Switzerland that deal with health, labor, 
human rights, the environment, refugees and trade 
matters. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

IRB 410 Yugoslavia: Sovereignty, Identity and 

This course is the culmination of the study of 
intemational relations for Eckerd College IRGA 
majors. It seeks to integrate all that you have 
leamed and apply it to a contemporary real world 

This course will examine the dissolution of Yugosla- 
via from the end of the Cold War in 1989 until 
today. We will begin with a consideration of 
ethnicity and nationalism and the particular role 
they play in the Balkans. We will look at the history 


International Relations and Global Affairs 

of the area in general and focus in on the last ten 
years as the republics of the former Yugoslavia have 
declared their independence. Using films as well as 
books and articles, we will study the various 
diplomatic initiatives undertaken by the interna- 
tional community to stabilize the area and impose 
"peace." We will consider ethnic cleansing and the 
refugee issue, peacekeeping, use of force, the 
influence of the media, the role of personality in 
decision making, questions of human rights and 
international law. 

Students may also minor in international relations 
and global affairs by successfully completing 
Introduction to International Relations, Interna- 
tional Political Economy, four core courses beyond 
the introductory level and distributed across each of 
the three core groups. 

international relations or international studies, and 
have pursued careers in journalism, law, language 
teaching, international business, or employment in 
international service organizations. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


The International Studies major allows a student to 
design a program that combines language study, area 
studies courses, a living experience in the target 
culture, and a core discipline into an integrated 
program of study. A committee of three faculty 
members works with the student to select courses, 
plan the international experience, and supervise the 
senior comprehensive or thesis. Normally one of the 
members of this committee is the chair of the 
Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

Students in this program must acquire a language 
competence at the advanced level. Normally an 
intermediate level of language competence is 
required prior to the international experience. One 
semester supervised residence abroad in a selected 
geographical area related to the major is a special 
feature of this program. This experience may be a 
language and cultural study program, a practical 
internship, or a job-related opportunity. 

The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses 
in addition to language study. Students must take 
Introduction to Anthropology or its equivalent, a 
minimum of five courses related to the cultural area, 
and five courses from a core discipline. In 
addition, students will complete a senior comprehen- 
sive or a thesis. 

Students who complete the international studies 
major should be able to demonstrate a command of 
at least one foreign language; a knowledge of the 
social, political, and cultural structures of one 
particular country or area of the world; an under- 
standing of the disciplinary perspective of one 
academic field; and an ability to write, think, and 
speak effectively in expressing the interrelatedness of 
peoples and cultures. Typically, students in this 
program have proceeded to graduate study in 


LAC/CLL 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, develop a 
vocabulary of approximately 500 words and the 
ability to read moderately difficult prose. English 
word derivation heavily stressed. Prerequisite: CLL/ 


LTL 283 The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

A historical consideration of scientific views of 
nature, concepts, discoveries, and methods, using 
Jacob Bronowski's film series The Ascent of Man. A 
good place to understand scientific historically and 
philosophically in a social setting. 

LTL 300 American Ideals and the Courts. 

Examine American ideals through the study of 
various living documents, from the Declaration of 
Independence through Franklin D. Roosevelt on the 
role of government, which emphasis on the law as 
carrier of our ideals and values. 

LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

Studies the 1 7*^ century Scientific Revolution as a 
redirection of Western Society from theocentrism to 
scientific secularism. Seminars on Copernicus, 
Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, Newton, 
and topics such as "science and religion," "science 
and society." Philosophical aspects of science, its 
roots and social impact. 




See Anthropology. 


Students majoring in literature develop competen- 
cies in analysis and interpretation of texts, skills in 
presenting ideas in writing and discussion, awareness 
of English and American literary traditions and 
cultural contexts, research skills, and appreciation for 
literature as an art. 

Students must have a Mentor in the literature 
discipline, preferably chosen by the second semester 
of the Sophomore year, and must take a minimum of 
eight literature courses, including at least one from 
English literature prior to 1800, one from English 
literature after 1800, and one from American 
literature. One of these may be a writing workshop 
course. Literature majors work out their schedules 
with their Mentors according to individual needs. 
Literature majors must successfully pass a Senior 
comprehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English, American and comparative literature, 
literary criticism, and methodological application; 
course selections should be made with this require- 
ment in mind. 

In exceptional cases, students who have established 
their proficiency in literature may be invited to write 
a Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive exam. 

Courses are divided into three categories: introduc- 
tion to study of literature (typically 100 level courses) 
and perspective courses; mid-level (typically 200-300 
level courses), and advanced (courses with prerequi- 
sites. Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing must take ten literature courses, and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken fore a major in literature 
may be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

For a minor in literature students take five courses 
which bear either an LIA or LIL course designation. 
One of these may be a Writing Workshop, three 
must be Eckerd College courses, and two must be at 
the 300 level or higher.. 

LIA 101 Introduction to Literature: Short 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, clear, concise written and spoken exposi- 
tion, and values embodied in great works. Atten- 
dance is required. 

LIA/LIL 102 Introduction to Literature: 
The Genres 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-fiction, concentrating on 
critical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 

exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Major forms and traditions through established and 
experimental examples from English and American 
poets. Lyric, narrative, ballad, sonnet, villanelle. 

LIA 192 Four Authors 

Study the literary work of four authors (will vary 
according to the year, the instructor, student 
suggestions, etc.), but will represent different times 
and places and the four basic genres of drama, poetry, 
fiction, and non-fiction. No prerequisites. 

LIA 200 A Novelist on Narrative: Lectures 
on Modem and Contemporary Fiction 

Open to non-majors, a good starting place for 
students interested in majoring in literature or 
creative writing, concentrates on careful reading. 
Expressive elements of narrative: plot, character, 
point of view, style, and setting. 

LIL 201 Introduction to Children's Literature 

Fable, fairy tale, short story, poetry, novel, informa- 
tion books, children's classics. Young readers and 
their development. Integration of visual and literary 

LIL 205 Women as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. Concep- 
tions of women through the ages as presented in 

LIL 206 Men and Women in Literature 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for men 
and women involved in societal or individual 
choices, through the study of great works of Western 

LIL 209 Religion in Literature 

Poems, stories, novels, and plays which deal with 
religious experience. 

LIL 210 Human Experience in Literature 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experi- 
ence, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, the 
presence of death) approached through great poems, 
stories and plays. Literature from 400 B.C. to the 

LIA 221 American Literature I: The 
Puritans to Whitman 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century' America. 
The development and transfiguration of American 
attitudes toward nature, religion, government, 
slavery, etc., traced through literary works. 



LIL 222 American Literature II 

Survey of American literature from the mid 19th 
century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, James, 
Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, O'Neill, 
Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Connor, Welty and 
a range of contemporaries. 

LIA 225 Modem American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrating on 
the meaning and values expressed in the poems, the 
development of modernism, and the reflection of 
America as our society developed. 

LIA 226 Literary Genres: Short Novels 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how literature embodies 
values, and practice in the enunciation and defense 
of reasoned critical opinions. Attendance is required. 

LIA 228 The American Short Story: Fiction 
into Film 

Literature of 19th and 20th century America: 
humorists, poets, novelists, dramatists and short story 
writers, including Twain, Dickinson, Eliot, Frost, 
Henry James, Hemingway, Faulkner, O'Neill, 
Williams, O'Connor, Baldwin, Welty. Attendance 

LIL 23 1 Literature of Exploration & 

Embark on voyages with famous authors and 
characters, and share their geographical and 
psychological journeys to new regions of the globe, of 
the mind, and of the heart; encounter new lands, 
cultures, and values, and in the process, obtain new 
insights into our world and ourselves. 

LIC/RUC 232 Russian Classics in Translation 

LIC/RUC 234 Russian Literature in 


See Russian Studies. 

LIL 235 Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic genre: 
comedy, tragedy, history and romance. Learn to 
appreciate and evaluate his writings, and the 
characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LIL 236/7 History of Drama I and II 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part 1 includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18^ century. Part II includes 
pre-modem, modem and contemporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: to 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighting the historical traditions 
which the authors create and upon which they draw. 

LIL 239 English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 to the 
present, including Romantic, Victorian, modem and 
contemporary writers. The historical tradition and 
outstanding individual artists. 

LIA 241 Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their narrative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of life's 
great questions as revealed by masterful writers. 

LIA 242 Introduction to Native American 

Emphasis on Navajo, Pueblo and Kiowa oral 
narrative, autobiography, essay, poetry, fiction, 

LIA 250 Children's Literature 

(Directed Study) 

The best of children's literature in various genres. 
Students do either a creative (e.g., writing children's 
story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on history of nursery 
rhymes) project. 

LIL 250 Shakespeare (Directed Study) 
For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 Introduc- 
tion to Shakespeare, or those wishing to pursue 
further work on Shakespeare independently. 

LIA 267 Literature of Healing and Dying 

The relationship between the sick person and the 
caregiver, and the relationship between the reader 
and the writer who describes, and sometimes 
criticizes, the first relationship, to deepen under- 
standing of health care issues. 

LIA 281 The Rise of the Novel 

Some of the great works of the Westem tradition, 
the fantastic and the realistic, following the guided 
dreams of narrative and its exploration of our 
imaginations and our worlds. 

LIA 282 The Modem Novel 

Modem writers and some of the questions of modem 
times: alienation, depth psychology in fiction, 
assessments of technology and urban life, sources of 
hope in humanism and literary art. 

LIA/LIL 301 Southem Literature 

Southem novels, short stories and plays, identifying 
what is "Southem" about them. Works by 
McCuUers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Gaines. Attendance required. 

LIA 302 Studies in Fiction 

Topics vary according to student and faculty interest. 
Close reading of texts, study of criticism and 


applicable literary theory, library research tech- 
niques, writing critical prose on the topic. Prerequi- 
site: one college-level literature course. 

LIL 303 18th Century British Literature 

British literature from the death of Dryden to the 
beginning of the Romantic Age. Major writers 
including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, Jonson, 
Fielding, Sterne. Major Enlightenment themes and 

LIL 308 The Poetry of Donne and Jonson 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 

LIL 312 Literature and Women 

Poems, plays, stories, essays, journals, and other 
genres of literature by women of various cultures and 
languages, primarily over the past century. Major 
social, political and historical movements shaping 
the writer and her world. 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modem Poetry 

Survey of British literature from the 1880s to World 
War II, and an attempt to define "modernism" in 
poetry. Poets include Hopkins, Hardy, Yeats, 
Housman, Eliot, Auden and Thomas. 

LIL 322 Modem British Fiction 

Readings of period documents in history and social 
sciences; major writers, including Conrad, Hardy, 
Huxley, Joyce, Lawrence, and Woolf. Does not 
include drama. Freshmen require instructor's 

LIL 323 The Victorian Age in British 

British poetry and prose during the reign of Victoria 
(1837-1901). Major writers including Tennyson, 
Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dickens, Ruskin, 
Hardy. Victorian themes and intellectual preoccupa- 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through major 
artists of the next two generations. Bums, Blake, 
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Shelley, Keats, Byron. 
Major Romantic themes and genres. 

LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of early English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: LIL 235, 238 
or permission of instructor. 


LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas and 
attitudes which shape ecological practice. Under- 
standing our heritage and using that knowledge to 
keep the earth household alive and healthy. 

LIL 329 Mythical Methods in Literature/ 

Breakdown of the narrative method in modem 
literature and film, and experiments by modem 
artists and directors with an alternative method, 
presenting fragments unified by reference to myth. 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European Fiction 

Novels representing various countries, dominant 
literary movements and most influential authors. 
One or more novels may be read in the original 
language. Prerequisite: one college level literature 

LIL 338 Twentieth Century Drama: 
British/ U.S. 

Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osbome, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences which 
helped shape modem drama. 

LIA 349 Fiction from Around the World 

Modem fiction from various parts of the globe . 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction as a 
means of representing human experience, both in 
values questions and literary elements (plot, 
character, image, etc.). 

LIA 350 Modem American Novel 

(Directed Study) 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the first 
half of the 20th century from Dreiser through 
Richard Wright. Ideas, themes and analysis of 
writing style. 

LIA 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers (c. 1900-1935) 

(Directed Study) 

Women artists and writers in the social and cultural 
context of their times. Students choose from among 
photography, dance, poetry, prose. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore or higher. 

LIA/LIL 361 Literary Criticism 

A study of literary theory and criticism using the 
most important figures in the West from Plato to the 
present. Prerequisite: one college literature course. 

LIA 362 Film and Literature 

Elements of film production, major film genres, 
literary sources and analogues, and some of the 
critical approaches of film study. 



LIA 368 Literature of Fact 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvement, ethical responsibilities studied 
through non-fiction writers. 

LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, television. 
Critical opinions on what distinguishes the tragic 
and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses in literature. 

LIA 380 Images of the Goddess 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding the 
Goddess, "god'talk," and "god-thinking" through the 
study of Christian mystics, Jungian psychologists, 
contemporary poets, novelists and theologians. 

LL\ 381 Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new groimd and how it evolves. 
Selections from several strands of current writing in 
America, traditional and experimental, male and 
female, urban and rural, white and black. 

LL\ 382 Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between the 
poet and society. 

CRA 384 20th Century American Women in 
the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1935 to present. Works by women in 
dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, photography, 
etc. Offered alternate years. 

LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting from 
such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, Mailer, 
O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. Attendance 
is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permission of 

LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in the 
context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 Poetry and Prose of T.S. Eliot 

Transformation of Romanticism through the works 
of one of the greatest poets of the past hundred 
years. Prerequisite: one college-level literature 

LIA/LIL 441 Twentieth Century 
Literary Theory 

Important approaches to literature and language in 
the 20th century, including New Critical, Marxist, 
Psychoanalytic, Structuralist, Phenomenologist, 
Mythic, Feminist, New Historical, 
Deconstructionist. Prerequisite: two college-level 
literature courses. 


See International Education. 


The management major rests on two principal 
foundations: teaching management in a liberal arts 
environment and teaching the general management 
core requirements that comprise the accepted body 
of knowledge in the discipline. The management 
major is designed to prepare the student for an entry 
level managerial position in an organization or for 
graduate school. The ultimate goal of the program is 
to prepare students for responsible management and 
leadership positions in business and society, both 
domestic and international. 

The management major is designed to meet the 
needs of three categories of students: undergraduate 
majors in management, minors in management, and 
dual majors; and to integrate the general education 
and liberal arts emphasis throughout the four-year 
program of instruction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management is 
viewed as a liberal art. The management major 
stresses developing ideas, problem solving, and 
communicating solutions rather than the routine 
and mechanical application of knowledge and skills. 
The management major emphasizes critical think- 
ing, effective writing, asking probing questions, 
formulating solutions to complex problems, and 
assessing ethical implications of decisions. 

The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competencies 
that students need to acquire but which do not fit 
neatly into the boundaries of the core management 
requirements described above. These skills build upon 
related competencies which students acquire in the 
general education program. These are: critical 
thinking, decision making and problem solving, 
negotiating and resolving conflicts, systemic thinking. 
Information processing, entrepreneurship, introspec- 
tion, cross-cultural skills and international perspec- 
tives, communication, and computer skills. As part of 
the liberal arts emphasis, the management major 
addresses individual and societal values as a compo- 
nent of each course in the program. 


In addition to these liberal arts-related competen- 
cies, students in the management major also develop 
the following management competencies which 
build upon the general education program: 

- management under uncertain conditions 
including policy determination at the senior 
management level. 

production and marketing of goods and services 
and financing the organization. 

- knowledge of the economics of the organization 
and of the larger environment within which the 
organization operates. 

- knowledge of the legal environment of 
organizations along with the ethical issues and 
social and political influences on organizations. 

- concepts of accounting, quantitative methods, 
and management information systems including 
computer applications. 

- organizational behavior, interpersonal commu- 
nications, and personnel human resource 
management theory and practice. 

The course sequence for a major in management is as 


MNB 110 Principles of Management and 


CSN 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting 


ECB 281 Microeconomics 
ECB 282 Macroeconomics (Micro and Macro 
may be taken in any sequence) 
MNB/ECB 260M Statistical Methods in Manage- 
ment and Economics 


MNB 220 Quantitative Methods for Manage- 
ment and Economics (prerequisite: statistics, 
CSN 110, MNB271 and ECB 281) 
MNB/IBC 369 Principles of Marketing 
MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and Leader- 
ship (prerequisite: Statistics and SLB 101) 
MNB 377 Introduction to Business Finance 
(prerequisite: CSN 110, MNB 271, and one of 

ECB 281 or 282) OR 

MNB/IBC 378 Investment Finance (prerequisite: 
MNB 271 and two of ECB 281, 282 or MNB// 
IBC 368) 
Management Elective 



Management Elective Course 
MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in Manage- 
ment (Prerequisite: Senior standing) 
MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic Manage- 
ment (comprehensive in management. Winter 
Term of Senior year. Prerequisite: completion of 
MNB 410 or permission of instructor.) 
Management majors are required to complete each 
course with a grade of C or better. To progress in 
sequence, and to receive credit for core courses in 
which the student has received a D grade, a petition 
must be submitted and approved by the discipline 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

Management majors are encouraged to minor in one 
of the traditional liberal arts. 

A minor in management consists of the following 
five courses: MNB 260M Statistics, MNB 220 
Quantitative Methods for Management and 
Economics , MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and 
Leadership, and two of MNB/IBC 369 Principles of 
Marketing, MNB 271 Principles of Accounting, or 
MNB 377 Introduction of Business Finance. 

MNB 110 Principles of Management and 

Introduction to interdisciplinary nature of manage- 
ment and leadership practices. Historical develop- 
ment of management as a distinct discipline, 
principles and survey of functional areas of manage- 
ment, historical development of leadership prin- 
ciples, comparison of management and leadership 
similarities and differences, introduction to contem- 
porary issues in management and leadership. 

MNB 210 Computer Applications 

For students with minimal experience with comput- 
ers not planning a computer science major or 
information systems concentration. Major concepts, 
word processing, spreadsheet, data base, networking 
software, BASIC programming, consideration of 
ethical issues. 

MNB 220 Quantitative Methods for 
Management and Economics 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists make 
decisions. Prerequisite: Statistics, CSN 110, EBC 
281, and MNB 271. 

MNB 23 OG Asian Managerial Practices 

An understanding of how culture, inclusive of social 
customs, political and economic structure, and 
historical antecedents, impact managerial practices 
in five Asian countries. Students will use the 



Hofstede and Kluckhohn-Strodbeck models as the 
theoretical foundation for understanding these 
cultural differences. 

MNB/PLL 242 Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organizational decisions, policies and actions. 
Analyzing situations which require moral decisions 
in the organizational context. Sophomore or higher 

MNB/ECB 260M Statistical Methods in 
Management and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation and 
analysis of financial statements, accumulation of 
business operating data and its classification for 
financial reporting. Balance sheets and income 

MNB 272 Management Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers pertaining 
to computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, hardware and programming, selecting 
computer and data base systems, etc. Prerequisite: 
CSN 143M (preferred) or MNB 210. 

MNB 273 Life Career and Personal Financial 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non-management majors. 

MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of business law 
and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Commercial 
Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and property, 
judicial and administrative processes. 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and manufac- 
turing sectors of global economy. Forecasting, 
product and process decisions, capacity planning, 
facility location and layout, project management and 
operations scheduling, inventory planning and 
control, quality control. Prerequisite: Junior 
standing or instructor's permission. 

MNBABC 321 Consumer Behavior and 

For description see International Business. 

MNB/CSN 326 Environmental Computer 

Learn to use a variety of computer software packages 
designed to enhance decision making abilities in the 
environmental arena. Combines lectures, discus- 
sions, group projects, and oral presentations of 
project results. Prerequisite: Statistical Methods. 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

(Directed Study available) 

Sources, degrees and consequences of bureaucratiza- 
tion in a wide range of social organizations such as 
work, church, military, schools, hospitals. Prerequi- 
sites: SLB 101 or PBS 101 and BEB 160M or MNB 
3 7 1 , or permission of instructor. 

MNB 361 Business History 

The growth of managerial enterprise from Colonial 
to modem times, its origins and development and 
the individuals important in its evolution. Prerequi- 
sites: MNB 368 and one course in American history. 
For Juniors and Seniors only. 

MNBABC 368 Managerial Enterprise 

MNB/IBC 369 Principles of Marketing 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB/SLB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating management 
in decision making: determination of product cost 
and profitability, budgeting, profit planning, 
utilization of standard cost and financial statement 
analysis. Prerequisite: MNB 271. 

MNB/IBC 373 Marketing Communications 

MNBABC 374 Market Intelligence 

MNBABC 375 Marketing Channels and 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their impact 
on society. Prerequisites: CSN 110, MNB 271 and 

MNBABC 378 Investment Finance 

MNBABC 379 Retail Organization and 

MNBABC 380 Professional Salesmanship 

For descriptions see International Business. 

Marine Science 

MNB/ECB 384 Managerial Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 385 Total Quality Environment 

Methods used to evaluate the environmental 
consequences of policy decisions, product decisions 
about what products or services are provided, process 
decisions on how goods and services are created, 
systems decisions about implications of all previous 
decision levels. 

MNB/ECB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

For description see Economics 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 

(Directed Study available) 
For description see Sociology. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

Senior seminar for management majors. Weekly 
sessions with practicing executives on general 
management topics. Outside research. 

MNBABC 475 Investment Analysis 

(Directed Study available) 

For description see International Business. 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with founda- 
tions of financial management used in organization 
decision making. Prerequisites: MNB 272, 377 or 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. MNB 110 and permission of 
instructor required. 

MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general manage- 
ment. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior year. 
Students may petition for enrollment if they are 
enrolled in no more than two 300- level courses. 


The marine science major provides both an integra- 
tive science background and specialized foundation 
work especially suitable for students planning 
professional careers in marine fields. 

Students majoring in any track of the marine science 
major are expected to be knowledgeable regarding 
fundamental concepts of biological, geological. 

geophysical, chemical, and physical oceanography as 
well as research methods employed by oceanogra- 

In addition, students are expected to be able to: 

- synthesize information from the various marine 
science disciplines; 

- write and speak professionally; 

- discuss creative approaches to research ques- 
tions; and 

- utilize bibliographic resources effectively. 
The B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of ten courses: 

Introduction to Oceanography, Fundamental Physics 
1 and 11, Calculus 1 and 11, General Chemistry 1 and 
II, Marine Geology, Chemical and Physical Ocean- 
ography, and Marine Science Seminar. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one of 
the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine and Freshwater Botany, Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Ecology, Comparative Physiology, 
and Organic Chemistry I. 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Organic Chemistry 1 
and II, Analytical Chemistry, Marine Geochemis- 
try, Physical Chemistry 1 or Physical Chemistry for 
Life Sciences, Instrumental Analysis, and an 
introductory organismic biology course (Marine 
Invertebrate Biology, Marine Botany, or Verte- 
brate Biology). 

MARINE GEOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate 
Paleontology, Earth Materials, Earth Structure, 
Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation, an 
introductory organismic biology course (Marine 
Invertebrate Biology, Marine Botany, or Vertebrate 
Biology), and two upper level geology courses. 
Statistics may be substituted for one upper level 
geology course. 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS - Calculus 111, Differen- 
tial Equations, Earth Materials, Earth Structure, 
Marine Geophysics, an introductory organismic 
biology course (Marine Invertebrate Biology, Marine 
Botany, or Vertebrate Biology) and one upper level 
geology course or Linear Algebra. 

For the Geology and Geophysics tracks, upper level 
electives include the following: Coastal Geology, 
Marine Geochemistry, Hydrology, and Marine 
Geophysics. Geophysics track majors may also take 
Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation. 

Biodiversity 1 and II may substitute for Marine & 
Freshwater Botany and Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
respectively. General and Molecular Physiology may 
substitute for Comparative Physiology. 


Marine Science 

All marine science majors are encouraged to 
participate in an alternative field experience, which 
may include Winter Term or Sea Semester, into their 
junior senior year. 

Students who major in the marine science biology 
track may not major in biology also, and students 
who major in the marine science chemistry track 
may not major in chemistry also. 

Possible sequence of courses: 



Calculus 1 and II or General Chemistry I and II 

Introduction to Oceanography 

Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Marine Geology 

Marine & Freshwater Botany 

General Chemistry I and II or Calculus I and II 

Cell Biology 

Physics I and II 



Comparative Physiology 

Organic Chemistry I 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 

Marine Science Seminar 


Calculus I and II 

General Chemistry I and II 

Introduction to Oceanography 

Organic Chemistry I and II 

Physics I and II 

Analytical Chemistry 

An introductory organismic biology course 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Geology 

Marine Science Seminar 

Marine Geochemistry 

Physical Chemistry I or Physical Chemistry for 

Life Sciences 

Instrumental Analysis 

Marine Science Seminar 


Introduction to Oceanography 
Calculus I and II 
Physics I and II 
Marine Geology 


Earth Materials 

Calculus III 

Earth Structure 

Differential Equations 

An introductory organismic biology course 

General Chemistry I and II 

Linear Algebra 

Exploration Geophysics 

Marine Science Seminar 

Upper-level elective 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 


Introduction to Oceanography 

Calculus 1 and II 

General Chemistry I and II 

Marine Geology 

Earth Materials 

Physics I and II 

Paleontology or Earth Structure 

An introductory organismic biology course 

Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Upper level geology elective or Statistics 

Marine Science Seminar 

Upper-level elective 

Earth Structure or Paleontology 

Marine Science Seminar 

A minor in marine science consists of five courses to 
include the following: Introduction to Oceanogra- 
phy, Chemical and Physical Oceanography, Marine 
Geology, Marine Invertebrate Biology or Marine 
Botany, and a 200+ level course focusing on 
marine science (e.g.. Marine Mammalogy, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimenta- 
tion, Comparative Physiology or Ecology). These 
courses must not duplicate courses used by students 
to satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 119 Introduction to Oceanography 

Survey of geological, physical, chemical, biological 
oceanography. Topics include history, origin, sea 
floor, waves, tides, currents, properties and composi- 
tion of seawater, productivity, pelagic and benthic 
environments, basic coastal processes. 

MSN/BIN 187 Plant Biology 

For description see Biology. 


Marine Science 

MSN/BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environment. 
A survey of all plant groups is included. Field trips. 

MSN/BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, biologi- 
cal functions and environmental interactions of 
animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

MSN 208 Environmental Geology 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceanography. Prerequisite: MSN 119. 

MSN 257 Earth Materials 

Rocks and minerals of the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and metamor- 
phic rocks. Prerequisite: MSN 242. 

MSN 258 Myths of the Earth 

Exploration of the spiritual and scientific aspects of 
geologic myths, relating science and natural 
phenomena to human history, literature, religion, 
and culture. Major topics will include earthquakes, 
volcanoes, the origin of life, the formation of Earth, 
and the evolution of dinosaurs. 

MSN/BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and 
behavior of fishes. Laboratory includes field collect- 
ing, trips to local institutions, examination of 
anatomical features and systematic characteristics. 
Prerequisite: BIN 200, and Junior standing or 
permission of instructor. 

MSN 303 Principles of Marine Geophysics 

Application of physical methods, theories, and 
measurements to the Earth. Reflection and 
refraction seismology; side-scan sonar; gravity and 
magnetic surveying; down-hole logging. Solid earth 
and marine applications of geophysics emphasized. 
Prerequisites: MAN 132M, MSN 306, and PHN 241 
or permission of instructor. 

MSN 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecology 
of groups of marine invertebrate fossil organisms. 

Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the stages in the 
evolution of marine ecosystems. Field trips and labs. 
Prerequisite: MSN 242. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimentary 
rocks to infer processes, environments, and tectonic 
settings in the marine environment. Prerequisite: 

MSN 242. 

MSN 306 Earth Structure 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale structures in rocks, 
field observations of stress and strain. Oceanic and 
continental structures, theory of plate tectonics. 
Prerequisite: MSN 242. 

MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how water 
moves through the ground, pollution of water and 
other problems. Laboratory involving data collec- 
tion, interpretation, computer work, field trips. 
Prerequisite: MSN 242, PHN 241, or permission of 

MSN/BIN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

In-depth overview of marine mammals (whales, 
dolphins, manatees, seals, sea lions, etc.). Topics 
include marine mammal systematics, status, 
behavior, physiology, population dynamics, evolu- 
tion, and management. Current periodical literature 
text readings are basis for discussions. Field trip, 
papers, exams. Prerequisites: BIN 200 and Junior 

MSN/BIN 314 Comparative Physiology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 315 Elasmobranch Biology and 

For description see Biology. 

MSN 342 Chemical and Physical 

Chemical and physical properties of seawater, 
distributions of water characteristics in the oceans, 
water, salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanography. 
Prerequisites: MSN 119, CHN 121, CHN 122, and 
PHN 241, or permission of instructor. 

MSN 347 Marine Geochemistry 

Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in 
oceans. Fluvial, atmospheric, hydrothermal sources 
of materials, trace elements, sediments, interstitial 
waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MSN 342 or 
permission of instructor. 


Marine Science 

MSN 401 Coastal Geology 

Apply concepts learned in introductory-level courses 
to the coastal environment. Both lecture and lab 
sections. Lab includes weekly field trips to the 
various environments exhibited by the Atlantic and 
Gulf Coasts of Florida, and culminates in an aerial 
reconnaissance of the marsh, barrier island, and 
estuarine coastline of west-central Florida. Prerequi- 
sites: MSN 242, MSN 305 and/or permission of 

MSN 410 Marine Science Seminar 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine science. 
Junior and Senior marine science majors participate 
for one course credit. Juniors participate in activities 
including seminars, discussions, committees, and 
community service. Seniors read scientific literature 
and deliver presentations. 

For other courses meeting marine science require- 
ments, see Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, 
Physics, Statistics, and Sea Semester. 


Students majoring in mathematics acquire knowl- 
edge of the basic definitions, axioms, and theorems 
of mathematical systems. They apply mathematical 
reasoning within many different contexts and they 
develop proficiency in computation. 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of Calculus 111 and then 
nine mathematics courses, including the Mathemat- 
ics Seminar in the Junior and Senior years, num- 
bered above MAN 233M. 

Competencies in the major are attained through the 
successful completion of these courses and the 
completion of a comprehensive examination or 
thesis with a final grade of C or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is determined 
by evaluation of high school mathematics transcripts 
with consideration given toward advanced place- 
ment in the curriculum. 

A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a grade 
of C or better. Three of the courses must be num- 
bered above MAN 233M. 

MAN 102M Philosophy of Mathematics 

The intellectual development of mathematical 
thought. Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Newton, 
Einstein, Weierstrass, Gauss, and others studied in a 
historical and philosophical context. Some comput- 
ing required but skill or knowledge in a programming 
language not needed. 

MAN 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems. 
Probability, statistics, consumer mathematics, graph 
theory and other contemporary topics. Students use 
calculators and computers. 

MAN 105M Precalculus 

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, and trigono- 
metric functions. Analytic geometry, curve sketch- 
ing, mathematical induction, equations and 
inequalities . 

MAN 131M Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of 
differentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching, 
Riemann sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. Prerequisite: 
Placement at the calculus-ready level. 

MAN 132M Calculus II 

Continuation of MAN 13 IM. Exponential, 
logarithmic and trigonometric functions, formal 
integration techniques, Taylor polynomials, and 
infinite series. Prerequisite: MAN 13 IM. 

MAN 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

Concepts, methods, and applications of statistics in 
the natural sciences. Elementary probability theory, 
random variables, discrete and continuous probabil- 
ity distributions. Statistics and sampling distribu- 
tions, estimation and hypothesis testing, linear 
regression. Credit is given for only one of MAN 
133M or one of the behavioral science statistics 
courses, but not both. 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations. Boolean algebra, and difference 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather than 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: MAN 13 IM. 

MAN 233M Calculus III 

Continuation of MAN 132M. Three-dimensional 
analytic and vector geometry, partial and directional 
derivatives, extremes of functions of several vari- 
ables, multiple integration, line and surface integrals. 
Green's and Stoke 's Theorem. Prerequisite: MAN 

MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorems, nth-order linear 
differential equations, Laplace transforms, systems of 
ordinary differential equations, series solutions and 
numerical methods. Prerequisite: MAN 132M. 


Medical Technology 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisites: MAN 132M or permission 
of instructor. 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 

Classical techniques for optimizing univariate and 
multivariate functions with or without constraints. 
Linear programming through simplex method, 
duality theory. Nonlinear programming through 
Lagrange multipliers, quadratic and convex forms. 
Prerequisite: MAN 233M or permission of instructor. 

MAN/PHN 251 Mathematical Methods of 

Applications of calculus to celestial mechanics, 
electromagnetic field theory, special relativity. 
Differential k-forms, directional derivatives, 
perturbation theory, differential equations, Poincare's 

MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence covering probability 
theory, random variables, random sampling, various 
distribution functions, point and interval estimation, 
tests of hypotheses, regression theory, non-paramet- 
ric tests. Prerequisite: MAN 233M or permission of 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of MAN 333, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

First in two-course sequence. Integers, groups, rings, 
integral domains, vector spaces, development of 
fields. Prerequisite: MAN 132M or 236. 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 339 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving that deals with finite sets. Permuta- 
tions and combinations, generating functions, 
recurrence relations, Polya's theory of counting, 
fundamentals of graph theory, difference equations 
and enumeration techniques. Prerequisite: MAN 

MAN 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modeling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, self-similarity, 
iterated fimction systems. Prerequisite: MAN 234 or 
permission of instructor. 

MAN/CSN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Methods for solving an equation or systems of 
equations. Interpolating polynomials, numerical 
integration and differentiation, numerical solutions 
of ordinary and partial differential equations, 
boundary value problems. Prerequisite: MAN 233M 
or permission of instructor. 

MAN 351 Fourier Analysis 

Introduction to Fourier series, Fourier transforms and 
discrete Fourier transforms. Computer simulation 
and analysis of various physical phenomena using 
Fourier software packages, including the fast Fourier 
transform algorithm. Prerequisite: MAN 234- 

MAN 410 Mathematics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
mathematics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two-years participation. Mathematical 
processes from a historical and cultural perspective. 

MAN 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation properties, 
continuity, homeomorphisms and metric and 
Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MAN 233M or 
permission of instructor. 

MAN 421 Partial Differential Equations 

Initial and boundary value problems. Separation of 
variables, dAlembert solution. Green's functions, 
Fourier series, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomi- 
als, Laplace transforms and numerical methods. 
Prerequisite: MAN 234. 

MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence covering point-set 
topology, limits, continuity, derivatives, functions of 
bounded variation, Riemarm-Stieltjes integrals, 
infinite series, function spaces, and sequences of 
functions. Prerequisite: MAN 233M. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon in\dtation of 
the mathematics faculty, do research and write a 
thesis under the direction of a member of that 


The Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of professional 
coursework at a hospital which has been approved by 
the Council on Medical Education of The American 
Medical Association. 


Medical Technology 

The general studies program at Eckerd College must 
include a minimum of eleven courses in the Natural 
Sciences which are required for certification: four 
courses in biology (including microbiology and 
immunology); four courses in chemistry (including 
organic), one course in mathematics (normally 
calculus), and two courses in physics. Completion of 
the all-college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general education 
courses should be taken in advance. 

Tlie professional coursework taken during the Senior 
year requires that the student spend 12 months in 
training at a certified hospital to which he/she has 
gained admission. For most Eckerd students, this is 
Bayfront Medical Center. The student receives 
college credit for the laboratory courses taken in that 
clinical setting. The baccalaureate is awarded on 
successful completion of this coursework with a 
major in interdisciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification by the 
American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) 
after passing an official examination. Supervision of 
clinical coursework during the Senior year is carried 
out by a program director (an M.D. certified in 
clinical pathology by the American Board of 
Pathology) and an educational coordinator (a 
medical technologist certified by the Registry of 
Medical Technologists). 


Students may pursue a language major in French, 
German or Spanish, a major in Russian studies, or a 
major in Modem Languages. Course work is also 
available in Chinese, Italian, Japanese and Latin. 

The language major consists of eight courses, plus a 
Comprehensive Exam (a Senior TTiesis or Senior 
Project may replace the Comprehensive in certain 
cases). Students who place or are placed at the 100 
level may count the first year sequence (101-102) or 
the one semester intensive toward the major. 
Students who transfer in course credits from study 
abroad must make sure to take at least one 400 level 
course at Eckerd before undertaking the Compre- 
hensive Exam. Language majors are expected to 
speak the language well enough to be rated at the 
Intermediate Low level of proficiency as defined by 
the American Council of Teachers of Foreign 
Languages (ACTFL). Language majors are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester 
studying abroad usually during the Junior year. The 
Oifice of International Education will assist students 
in identifying appropriate programs. In addition, all 
majors in this field of study are expected to have 
tested knowledge in cultural, historical, and literary 
understanding. This will be verified by the successful 

completion of the Comprehensive Exam. Students 
may, at the invitation of the faculty, write a Senior 
TTiesis or complete a Senior Project instead of taking 
the Comprehensive. 

All students must, upon arrival on campus in their 
Freshman year, take the language placement exam if 
they have studied a language in high school. In 
consultation with the language faculty, students will 
then choose a course of study which will lead to a 
major or double major in a modem foreign language. 

Double majors: Students who major in International 
Business, International Relations and Global Affairs 
or International Studies are strongly encouraged to 
develop double majors in combination with French, 
German, Russian Studies or Spanish. Fluency in a 
second or third language will greatly increase 
employability and opportunities for graduate study. 
All of the "Intemational" disciplines have strong 
language requirements for their majors, and students 
would in most cases already be near the completion 
of a language major by the time they graduate. 
Students who arrive at Eckerd with little or no 
experience in a language, or who wish to begin a 
new language, can complete a major counting the 
first year sequence as part of the requirements. 

Majors in modem languages pursue a variety of 
careers including education, govemment, journal- 
ism, business, or graduate school. 

Minors are available in French, German, Spanish or 
Russian Studies. A minor consists of five courses, 
including the first-year sequence. Accelerated 
elementary language courses are numbered SPG 111 
or ERG 1 12 in the schedule of courses. 


FRC 101/102 Elementary French 

Introduction to French for students with little or no 
training in the language. Three classes and two 
laboratory sessions per week. 

FRC 112 Accelerated Beginning French 

A review of elementary French for students with 
some background in the language. Oral comprehen- 
sion, writing, speaking, reading. 

FRC 201 and FRC 202 Intermediate French 

Designed as sequel to FRC 101-102, or for students 
with three years of high school training. Newspaper 
and magazine articles, short works of fiction, poems, 
and videos serve to develop oral and written control 
of French. Prerequisite: FRC 102 or three years of 
high school French. 


Mcxlem Languages, German 

FRC 212 Accelerated Intermediate French 

Intensive oral and written work, readings on 
contemporary French issues. Prerequisite: FRC 102, 
1 1 2 or the equivalent. 

FRC 302 Advanced Composition and 

A refinement of student mastery of structure and 
vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability to commu- 
nicate both orally and in writing. Laboratory work as 
needed. Prerequisite: FRC 202, 212 or equivalent. 

FRC 303 French for Cultural Communication 

For students who wish to approach fluency and 
refine their ability to communicate in oral and 
written form. A variety of media including journal- 
ism, novel, film, theatre. Write in genres such as 
personal essay, literary analysis, oral presentation. 
Develop personal expression within standard of 
fluency. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or the equivalent. 

FRC 380 Introduction to French Literature 
and Culture 

Survey French literature from medieval period 
through twentieth century. Evolution, structure, 
form, relationships of culture and history to the 
literature. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in French. 

FRC 325G French Caribbean Literature and 

Music, literature and local art of the French Antilles. 
Creole responses to colonial domination, racism, 
heterogeneous ethnicity, disglossia, exile. Prerequi- 
site: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 370 Literature and Film in Postwar 

Literature, cinema, and aesthetic questions in France 
from World War II to present. Existentialism, 
formalism. New Novel, New Wave and the return of 
history in the '70s and '80s. Prerequisite: Good 
working knowledge of written and spoken French 
demonstrated by an interview and writing sample, or 
completion of any 300 level French course. 

FRC 3 920 Francophone Africa and the 

Literature and culture of two major Francophone 
regions which have attempted to resist and reject 
values imposed by the French. Alienation and 
Western society, survival of indigenous culture, 
importance of Islam, necessity and impossibility of 
writing in the colonizer's language, the negritude 
movement. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in 

FRC 401 French Literature in Formation 

From the emergence of the French language in the 
middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 

Classicism, explore how a theme, topic or genre 
emerged as a powerful influence in France's later 
literary tradition. Prerequisite: FRC 302 and 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 402 Romanticism to Modernism 

Authors who formed attitudes about the rightful 
place of "man" in the world, decried superstition 
and violence, or undermined authority throughout 
the 18th century and beyond the Revolution into 
the 19th. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 303 and permis- 
sion of instructor. 

FRC 403 Topics in Modem French Literature 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad area 
each semester. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 303 and 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects of 
French literature, with unifying motifs. Prerequisite: 
FRC 302 or 303 and permission of instructor. 

FRC 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to French 
business. Basic workings of the French economy, and 
business terms. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 

Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 1 7th century to modem works, 
to improve oral communication skills in French. 
Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French Studies 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. Prerequi- 
site: two 400 level French courses. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 


GRC 101/2 Elementary German I, II 

Language through videos and supplemental reading. 
Method appropriate to need, patterning and 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
fiinction in German-speaking country. Prerequisite: 
GRC 101 or equivalent for 102. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German I, II 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural films. 
Introduction to German culture and native language 
models. Class discussions in German. Prerequisites: 
GRC 102 for 201; 201 for 202. 


Modem Languages, German 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German 
Literature and Culture 

German cultural heritage, including a survey of 
German literature from Goethe to the present. 
Prerequisite GRC 202 or equivalent. 

GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

(Directed Study available) 

In translation. Hesse's novels in chronological order, 
tracing the development of the man and his writings 
from poetic realism to impressionism. 

GRC 305 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

(Directed Study available) 

In German. For description see GRC 304. Prerequi- 
site: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 311 Advanced German Composition 
and Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar. Topical discussions and 
written assignments in the language. 

GRC 331/332 Special Topics in German 

Projects based upon current needs and interests of 
students and offered at the discretion of the German 

GRC 401/2 The German Novel I, II 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Mann, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 German Drama I, II 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th century 
and the present. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German I, II 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, German 
poetry, the German novelle, history of the German 
language, independent readings. For Seniors. 

Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 


ITC 101/102 Elementary Italian I, II 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening comprehen- 
sion, reading, writing and grammar. Prerequisite for 
102 is 101 or permission of the instructor. 

ITC 201/202 Intermediate Italian I, II 

Prerequisite: ITC 102 or equivalent, or permission of 


J AC 101/102 Elementary Japanese 

J AC 201/202 Intermediate Japanese 

Dialogues in Japanese and English supplemented by 
grammar and usage drills. Practice in both speaking 
and reading. Second and third levels taught as 
directed studies. 

J AC 103 Japanese Reading and Writing 

The two syllabaries of the Japanese writing system, 
basic repertoire of about 200 kanji, sentence 
structures, vocabulary. Year long course designed to 
run concurrently with J AC 101 and 102, which are 
corequisite or prerequisite. Strongly recommended 
for students planning to study or work in Japan. 

Year Abroad in Japan 
See International Education. 


SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for SPC 102 is 101 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 201/202 Intermediate Spanish I and II 

Comprehensive grammar review. Exposure to 
authentic spoken and written forms of Spanish 
(songs, video, short stories, and poems). Emphasis 
on idiomatic usage and expressions. 

SPC 205 Oral Expression 

Develop level of spoken proficiency corresponding to 
the Intermediate Mid-level on the ACTFL Scale. 
Oral practice in tourism/travel, housing, shopping, 
home life, college experience, sports, health, food 
and restaurants, cars, conversing on the phone. 
Prerequisite: SPC 202. 

SPC 300 Short Fiction: Study and Translation 

Introductory survey (19th and 20th centuries) of the 
short fiction of both Spain and Latin America. 
Among the themes to be studied are social and 
political injustice, women's rights, alienation, 
violence, humor and love. Prerequisite: SPC 205 or 
permission of instructor 

SPC 301 Civilization and Culture 

Introduction to the study of Hispanic civilization, 
culture, and literature. Major historical develop- 
ments of the old and new worlds, ranging from the 
period of colonization and the Conquest to the 
present. Prerequisite: SPC 202. 


SPC 307 Advanced Grammar and 

For students to develop and perfect writing skills, 
particularly those minor ing or majoring in the 
language who also need to fulfill an extensive 
language requirement, such as international business 
or international studies. Prerequisite: SPC 202 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 308 Spanish Literature/Film Themes: 
Civil War 

Spanish novel, theatre and film in light of their 
political and historical settings. Prerequisite: SPC 

306 or 307, or equivalent. 

SPC 310 Real/Surreal: Loca, Buneal, Dali 

Selected works studies as manifestations and 
representations of realistic and surrealistic art, and 
how they helped bring about a cultural renaissance 
in Spain. Prerequisite: advanced proficiency, any one 
ofSPC 306, 307, 301 A. 

SPC 311 Poetry Across the Centuries 

Introductory poetry survey (XIX & XX centuries). 
Poets of both Spain and Latin America will be 
studied. Prerequisite: SPC 205 or permission of 

SPC 401 The Modem Spanish Novel 

(Directed Study) 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Generacion del 

'98 to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 300, and SPC 

307 or SPC 308. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

(Directed Study available) 
Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite SPC 
307 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modem Spanish Drama 

Works of best modem playwrights from Benavente 
to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 307 or permission 
of instructor. 

SPC 404 Spanish Golden Age Literature 

Reading and analyzing the most representative 
authors of the period, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SPC 307 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 405 Cervantes 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical analysis 
of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 
SPC 307 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change 


it. Dynamics of gender, class and education. 
Introduction to feminist literary criticism. Taught in 
Spanish. Prerequisites: SPC 307 or permission of 

SPC 408 New Spanish American Narrative 

Understanding the social message and aesthetic 
innovations such as "realismo magico" in works of 
prominent contemporary Spanish American writers 
such as Lloso, Marquez and Fuentes. All work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 307 or permission of 

SPC 409 Spanish for Business % 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural communica- 
tion between North America and Spanish speaking 
world. Forms, styles, usages, procedures in commer- 
cial communication. Prerequisite: any 300 level 
course or permission of instructor. 

SPC 410 The Modem Spanish Novel 

Senior Seminar for Spanish majors. Reading and 
discussion of selected topics. 

Semester Abroad in Spain 
See International Education. 


A major in modem languages consists of a minimum 
of eight courses above the elementary level in a 
primary language, with a Senior thesis or compre- 
hensive exam in that language, plus four courses in a 
secondary language above the elementary level, as 
determined by the individual disciplines. The overall 
comprehensive exam will include the secondary 
language. The examining committee will consist of 
professors of both languages, and the proficiencies 
examined on the courses taken will be: understand- 
ing, speaking, reading and writing. It is strongly 
recommended that students include elective courses 
that are related to the languages pursued. A mini- 
mum of one month of residence abroad in the 
environment of the primary foreign language is 


The music major provides students with an under- 
standing of the Western art music tradition and the 
other music traditions which have shaped it through 
a series of combination theory/music history courses 
and complementary performance courses. Consis- 
tent with the expectations of graduate programs in 
music, students completing a music major should be 
able to: 




demonstrate listening, sight singing, keyboard 
and written theory skills at a high intermediate 

- analyze and discuss musical works from a 
theoretical and historical perspective, both in 
oral presentations and in formal essays 

- apply a wide variety of music research materials 
to their own analytic and performance projects 

demonstrate familiarity with the major genres, 
styles and composers associated with the music 
of the West, as well as familiarity with a number 
of music types outside the Western classical 

- perform on voice or an instrument at more than 
an intermediate level, both from a technical 
and interpretive standpoint. 

The five required introductory courses, ideally 
completed no later than the end of the Sophomore 
year, are MUA 145 (Tonal Theory la), MUA 146 
(Tonal Theory lb), MUA 221 (Introduction to 
Music Literature), MUA 356G (World Music), and 
either MUA 245 (Choral Literature and Ensemble) 
or MUA 246 (Instrumental Ensemble). Entry into 
MUA 145 assumes note reading and notation skills, 
the ability to recognize intervals, triads and common 
scale patterns by ear, as well as basic keyboard skills. 
These skills may be demonstrated through a 
placement test or successful completion of MUA 101 
(Music Fundamentals). Competency on an 
instrument or in voice at an intermediate or higher 
level is a requirement for completing the major. 
Enrollment in MUA 442 (Applied Music) from the 
time a student enters the program is, therefore, 
highly recommended. 

The four required advanced courses are MUA 341 
(Renaissance and Baroque Music), MUA 342 
(Classic Period Music), MUA 443 (Romantic 
Music), and MUA 444 (Modem Music). Students 
with plans to enter graduate school in any field 
related to music should expect to enroll in additional 
electives. Continued participation in either MUA 
245 (Choral Literature and Ensemble) or MUA 246 
(Instrumental Ensemble), as well as in MUA 442 
(Applied Music), is also strongly advised, and would 
be expected by most graduate programs. A compre- 
hensive examination will be administered following 
a period of review in the Senior year to determine 
competency in the academic and interpretive aspects 
of music. Advanced students may be invited to 
complete a thesis on an academic subject or in 
composition in lieu of the comprehensive exam. 
Highly skilled performers may be invited to present a 
Senior recital as part of the Music at Eckerd series. 

The minor in music consists of six courses as follows: 
four foundational academic courses: MUA 145 

(Tonal Theory la), MUA 146 (Tonal Theory lb), 
MUA 221 (Introduction to Music Literature), and 
either MUA 3560 (World Music) or MUA 326 
(American Music and Values); at least one advanced 
academic course from the group MUA 341, MUA 
342, MUA 443 and MUA 444; and a minimum of 
one performance course MUA 245 (Choral 
Literature and Ensemble), MUA 246 (Instrumental 
Ensemble) or MUA 442 (Applied Music). 

MUA 101 Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, basic 
keyboard performance. Musical patterns common in 
folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MUA 145 Tonal Theory la 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary triads and 
inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 

MUA 146 Tonal Theory lb 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued part 
writing and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Lab component. Four semester 
hours of credit. Prerequisite: MUA 145 or equiva- 

MUA 221 Introduction to Music Literature 

Focuses on significant composers, works, and forms, 
primarily from the Western art music tradition, 
through listening and analysis, writing and discus- 
sion, concert attendance and explorations of 
recorded music. 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and Ensemble 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Smaller vocal ensembles chosen by audition from 
larger group. Two semesters required for one course 
credit. Admission by audition with instructor. 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Participation in one or more of various ensembles: 
classical chamber groups, a wind ensemble, a world 
music improvisation ensemble, or an approved off 
campus ensemble. Concerts given both on and off 
campus. Four hours of rehearsal per week for two 
semesters earns one course credit. Placement 
audition with instructor required. 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perfor- 
mance, research, and areas of study not provided for 
in regular semester courses, by permission of 

MUA 326 American Music and Values 

Application of various models of the American 


Personnel and Global Human Resource Management 

experience to music ranging from Native American, 
slave and colonial music to jazz, classical and 
experimental works. Freshmen with permission of 

MUA 33 1 Special Topics in Music Literature 

Music of a particular period, genre, or composer in 
terms of musical style, cultural, historical, or 
biographical significance. Listening and discussion, 
development and application of descriptive termi- 
nology and research. Specific topics published in the 
course schedule. 

MUA 341 Renaissance and Baroque Music 

Western art music between 1400 and 1750 with 
emphasis on dance forms, sacred choral music, 
madrigals and other secular forms including opera. 
Research into performance practice and cultural 
context for each supplements listening and analysis. 
Counterpoint and analysis lab. 

MUA 342 Classic Period Music 

Development of 18th century classical style through 
the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MUA 146, MUA 221 
and MUA 356G or permission of instructor. 

MUA 356G World Music 

Music for ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the world, 
including those of early Europe and the Middle East. 
Aural and videotaped recordings from the field, 
readings in anthropology and aesthetics, live 
performances, discussion. Freshmen with permission 
of instructor. 

MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MUA 146, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the late 
19th century. Lab component. Prerequisite: MUA 
146 or permission of instructor. 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, classical 
guitar, string, brass and woodwind instruments. One 
private lesson, and minimum of six hours per week 
individual practice plus four evening performance 
classes per semester. Permission of instructor 
required. Fee charged. 

MUA 443 Romantic Music 

A study of 19th century art music from late 
Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin and 
Wagner, among others. Analysis lab. Prerequisite: 

MUA 146, MUA 221 and MUA 3560 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MUA 444 Modem Music 

Beginning with the Impressionists, Neo-classicists 
and serialists and continuing to aleatoric, electronic 
and minimalist composers of the more recent past. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisite: MUA 146, MUA 221 
and MUA 3560 or pennission of instructor. 

CRA 141 Introduction to the Arts 
CRA 226 Music and Architecture 


A personnel and global human resource manage- 
ment concentration may be elected within the 
international business major. The PHRM concen- 
tration teaches theory and practices of personnel and 
global human resource management in organiza- 
tions, including job definition, staffing, training and 
development, compensation and benefits, labor 
relations, environmental analysis and human 
resource planning and controlling. The PHRM 
concentration also allows students to integrate their 
classroom learning with related ongoing business and 
industry research in cooperation with the Eckerd 
College Human Resource Institute and the Com- 
parative Cultures Collegium. 

PHRM students are required to complete the 
following courses: 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 
Introduction to Anthropology 
Principles of Macroeconomics 
Principles of Accounting 
Cultural area course 

Cultural Environment of International Business 
International Management 

Personnel and Olobal Human Resource Manage- 

Personnel Planning and Industry Research I 
Introduction to Business Finance or Investments 

Summer: PHRM work experience or internship 
is required. Credit may be awarded through an 
independent study if work experience is com- 
bined with approved academic work (such as a 
research paper). 


Personnel and Global Human Resource Management 


Personnel Planning and Industry Research II 

Comprehensive Exam 

Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Senior Seminar: Ethical Issues in International 


All PHRM students must complete each required 
course with a grade of C or better. To progress in 
sequence, and to receive credit for core courses in 
which the student has received a grade of D or F, a 
petition must be submitted and approved by the 
PHRM coordinator. 

See International Business. 


Students majoring in philosophy develop with their 
Mentor a program of study including a minimum of 
eight courses, including one logic course and one 
ethics course; at least three courses from the History 
of Philosophy series (other philosophy courses with a 
significant historical component may be substituted 
upon approval of the philosophy faculty); Contem- 
porary Philosophical Methodology; and other upper 
level courses focused on the student's particular 
philosophical interests. In addition, philosophy 
majors are expected to take complementary courses 
in other disciplines that provide background and 
breadth in their program of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working knowledge 
of the issues and methods covered in their required 
courses in logic, ethics and the history of philosophy 
sequence, in addition to those in their chosen 
upper-level area of focus. This competence and the 
ability to communicate it in speaking and writing is 
demonstrated by satisfactory completion of the 
courses in the philosophy major and of a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philosophy 
courses, to be approved by the philosophy coordina- 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, and 
major philosophical issues of value and meaning. 
Study works of several great philosophers to help 
students develop their own views. 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

(Directed Study available) 
Philosophical questions on the nature of reality, 
society, and self in East Asian philosophy with 
emphasis on metaphysics and ethics. 

PLL 220 Existentialism 

A provocatively modem approach to many of the 
issues of the philosophical tradition; the existential 
foundations of art, religion, science and technology. 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of 
religious knowledge, faith and reason in the past and 
future. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 240 Philosophy of Technology 

Humans are the beings who reshape their environ- 
ment. Is modem technology a refinement of 
tool-making, or something new? What has been the 
impact of technology on the essence of being 

PLL 241 Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right and 
wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical theories 
and their application to issues such as abortion, civil 
rights, war and peace, censorship, etc. 

PLL/MNB 242 Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For description see Management. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship to 
the natural environment, and how these consider- 
ations affect our moral obligations to other people, as 
well as future generations. 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 263 Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughtful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Westem Heritage or permission of 

PLL 3 lOE Ideas of Nature 

Ancient Greek cosmology. Renaissance view of 
nature, modem conception of nature. What nature 
is, how is can be studied, how we should relate to it. 


Primary approach is critical, historical analysis of 
primary texts. 

PLL 311 Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with focus 
on different philosophers. 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philosophy 
from the colonial period to the 20th century. 
Prerequisite: some background in the humanities or 
permission of instructor. 

PLL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek and 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C. A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered alternate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 
rise of modem Europe, including developments in 
Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philosophy. 
Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, mysticism 
and rationalism, Platonism and Aristotelianism. 
Offered alternate years. 

PLL 323 History of Philosophy: 17th 18th 

Descartes through Kant as response to the Scientific 
Revolution. Comparison of rationalism and 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C. A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science and 

PLL 331/332 Special Topics in Philosophy 

Philosophical study of one or more aspects of culture, 
such as sport, gender, unorthodox science, sexuality, 
mass communication, artificial intelligence, 
literature and technology. May be taken more than 
once for credit with different topics. 


PLL 342 Twentieth Century Philosophical 

Development of philosophical analysis and existen- 
tialism as the two main philosophical movements of 
the 20th century. Freshmen require permission of 

PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential tool. 
Derivability, completeness, analyticity, categoricity 
and consistency. Prerequisite: PLL 102M or pennis- 
sion of instaictor. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 348 Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and the 
relation of God and world, based on readings from 
early Greek philosophy to the present. Prerequisite: 
some background in philosophy or religion. 

PLL/HIL 349 Native American Thought 

This course focuses on the nature of Native Ameri- 
can thought; explores the differing assumptions, 
methods, and teachings connected with the pursuit 
of wisdom, with special attention to metaphysics and 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary schools of thought in moral 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology, literature or 
related disciplines. 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political Philosophy 

Major contemporary schools of thought in political 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, political science, history, economics, 
American studies or literature. 

PLL 365 Philosophy of History 

Does history have a meaning? Is it leading any- 
where? Does history result in anything that is 
genuinely new? Or is it an "eternal recurrence of the 
same"? Especially useful for students of history, 
literature, religious studies, and philosophy. Prereq- 
uisite: some background in the humanities. 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 

Intensive investigation of philosophical methodolo- 
gies, designed to help students practice philosophy in 
an original manner. Emphasis on independent study. 



Prerequisite: one or more upper-level philosophy 
courses or permission of instructor. May be taken 
more than once for credit in order to study different 

KSL 201 The Ancient Tradition 1: Homer 
to Plato 

KSL 202 The Ancient Tradition II: Empires 
and Ethics 

KSL 205 Plato and Aristotle's Science 

Positive and negative contributions of Plato and 
Aristotle's physical science to medieval and modem 
science, and interrelationship between science, 
politics, and religion. 

LTL 283 The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The Ascent of 
Man amplified by lectures, demonstrations, labora- 
tory work, discussions, research, and supplementary 

LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

The 17th century Scientific Revolution as a 
redirection of Western society from theocentrism to 
scientific secularism. Copernicus, Kepler, Galilieo, 
Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, Newton. 


A major in philosophy/religion includes eleven 
courses, five in philosophy, five in religious studies, 
and Philosophy of Religion. The program ordinarily 
culminates in a Senior thesis. Required courses in 
philosophy are: two from PLL 101, 102M, 241; two 
from PLL 321, 322, 323, 324; one other upper-level 
course. Required courses in religious studies are: REL 
201; one from REL 203, 204; and three other 
upper-level courses. Additional upper-level courses 
in each discipline are recommended, and any change 
in these requirements must have the approval of 
faculty of both disciplines. 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Investigating physical education as a career. 
Minimum 20 hours in local schools in pre-intemship 
program. Personal interview required. Open to 
upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and SkUls 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through at 

least one skill. Vigorous exercise program for the 
entire year. Medical clearance required. Open to 
upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, the 
role of sports, developing a philosophy of coaching. 
Sports programs from youth leagues to collegiate 
athletics. Teaching styles, training, sports psychology. 

The following does not carry course credit: 

Lifeguard Training 

Use of rescue equipment, spinal injury management 
techniques, basic pool maintenance. Prerequisite: 
First Aid and CPR, ability to swim 500 yards using 
crawl, breaststroke, elementary backstroke, etc. Must 
be minimum of 15 years of age. 


Students who major in physics develop competency in 
using scientific methodology: in creating mathemati- 
cal models of real-world systems, manipulating these 
models to obtain predictions of the system's behavior, 
and testing the model's predictions against the 
observed real-world behavior. Mechanical, 
electro-magnetic, thermodynamic, and atomic/ 
molecular systems are among those with which 
students become familiar in the building and testing of 
theoretical models. Problem-solving and quantitative 
reasoning are among the skills which are developed. 

For the B.A. DEGREE, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: Fundamental 
Physics 1, 11, 111, Electronics, Classical Mechanics, 
Electricity and Magnetism, Quantum Physics I, 
Calculus I, II, 111. For the B.S. DEGREE, additional 
courses normally included are Quantum Physics II, 
Advanced Physics Laboratory, Differential Equa- 
tions, and Linear Algebra, along with Senior Thesis, 
and Chemistry 121, 122. The Physics Seminar is 
required in the Junior and Senior years. Students 
may arrange independent or directed study courses in 
advanced subjects to suit their needs. 

A minor in physics requires completion of five 
physics courses with a grade of at least C, of which at 
least three are numbered above PHN 242. 

An example of a program of courses which would 
lead to a major in physics: 


Calculus 1 and 11 
Physics I and II 
Calculus 111 
Physics 111 

Differential Equations 
Classical Mechanics 



Political Science 


Chemistry I and II 
Electromagnet ism I and II 
Electronics Laboratory 

Quantum Physics I and II 
Advanced Physics Laboratory 

In addition, physics majors are required to enroll in 
the Physics Seminar during their Junior and Senior 

PHN/CHN 209 Survey of Astronomy 

For description see Chemistry. 

PHN 214 Energy and Environment 

Options available to societies in producing energy, 
the consequences of each choice, and the different 
sets of value implicit in the choices. 

PHN 217 The Evolving World- View of 

What is it that distinguishes science as an investiga- 
tory tool, and gives it such power? How does the 
universe as presented by modem science compare 
with religious and philosophical ideas? In this course 
we will trace the development of scientific under- 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Linear, rotational, and oscillatory motion. Force, 
work, and energy. Calculus-based, with laboratory. 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, and optics. 
Calculus-based, with laboratory. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Introduction to quantum mechanics, with elemen- 
tary applications in atoms, molecules, and solids. 

PHN 244 Electronics Laboratory 

First principles of analog and digital electronic 
circuit theory, basic operation of electronic circuits, 
instruments, utilizing modem electronic technique 
and instrumentation. 

PHN/MAN 251 Mathematical Methods of 

For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, light 
and geometric optics, superposition and polarization 
of waves, interference and diffraction of waves, 
coherence theory, holography and lasers. Prerequi- 
sites: MAN 132 and PHN 242. 

PHN/CHN 321 Thermodynamics 

For description see Chemistry. 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 or 
permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electromagnetism 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PHN 

242 and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 343 Electricity and Magnetism II 

Continuation of PHN 342. Electrodynamics, 
electromagnetic waves, and special relativity. 
Prerequisite: PHN 342 or consent of instructor. 
Taught in alternate years. 

PHN 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis techniques. 
Develop laboratory abilities utilized in physics, 
especially as applied to modem optics. Two lab 
sessions a week. Prerequisite: PHN 241 and 242. 

PHN 410 Physics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two year participation. Topical issues 
in physics. 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modem quantum theory and relativity. Comparison 
of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite PHN 

243 and permission of instructor. 

PFIN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application to 
hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced with 
emphasis on low-energy scattering. Prerequisite: 
PHN 433 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics normally 
are invited to engage in active research and to 
prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehensive 


Students choosing to major in political science gain 
fundamental understanding of American government, 
how our govemmental system compares with other 
major political systems, and how the U.S. interrelates 
with the rest of the world. Majors gain competence in 
political analysis and research skills as well as an 
understanding of political power, govemment 
institutions, intemational affairs, and political theory. 


Political Science 

Students majoring in political science affiliate with 
either the Letters or Behavioral Science Collegium, 
depending on their individual career or research 
plans. Both coUegial tracks require the completion of 
Introduction to American National Government 
and Politics, Introduction to Comparative Govern- 
ment, and Introduction to International Relations. 
Beyond the three introductory courses, all students 
must complete six additional non- introductory 
political science courses including at least one from 
each field within political science. All political 
science majors must also complete Political Science 
Research Methods and the political science Senior 
Seminar. The typical course sequence for political 
science majors includes the completion of three 
introductory courses in their first year, followed by an 
individually tailored set of upper-division courses. 

Students with specific career or research interests not 
adequately covered by the discipline may substitute 
one course from another discipline for one 
upper-level political science course with prior 
approval of the political science faculty. Students are 
encouraged to explore their career or research 
interests through an appropriate internship. With 
the approval of the political science faculty, one 
internship may fulfill a political science major 
requirement. One winter term project may also be 
accepted toward degree requirements in political 

Students may earn a minor in political science with 
successful completion of POL 102, either POB 103G 
or POB 104G, and any four additional 
non- introductory courses spread across the political 
science faculty. 

POL 102 Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and functions. 
Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureaucracy, and 
several major areas of policy making conducted by 
the national government. 

POB 103G Introduction to International 

National and international political relationships, 
origins of war, the international system, rich and 
poor nations and the politics of hunger, and alternate 
concepts to the present system. 

POB 104G Introduction to Comparative 

Issues and analysis of the internal dynamics of 
modem states through examination of Britain, 
Germany, Japan, Russia, China, and the Third 
World, laying the foundation for further study in 
comparative politics and/or international relations. 

POB 200 Diplomacy and International 

Diplomatic protocol and practices within the United 
Nations. TTie United Nations and the post Cold 
War period: role of international diplomacy in war, 
peace, and the evolution of peace-keeping, interna- 
tional economic issues of trade and development, 
dilemmas resulting from global environmental 
interdependence and sustainability. Interested 
students of any major are encouraged to enroll. 

POB 201 Power, Authority and Virtue 

Close reading of classic texts in political theory 
aimed at examining the dynamics of power and 
virtue in political life. 

POL 202 Public Policy-Making in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making process. 
Formulation of new policies and programs, imple- 
mentation, evaluation of federal programs. Policy 
areas such as unemployment and environment. 

POB 21 IG Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and changes 
in U.S. policy toward Latin America from Monroe 
Doctrine to present in Central America, from a 
range of ideological and scholarly perspectives. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course or Latin American Area Studies recom- 
mended, or permission of instructor. 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, strate- 
gic) faced by policy makers and citizens alike. 
Policies and alternatives that the U.S. faces today. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course recommended. 

POB 221 Politics of Revolution and 

Causes and nature of political violence and revolu- 
tion as related to human behavior theory. Theories 
on causes of revolution, concepts of liberation, 
consequences and responsibilities of interstate 
relations during times of crisis. Recommended POL 
102 and either POB 103G or 104G. 

POB 222 Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in politics. 
Comparative political ideologies such as Fascism, 
Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Communism, 
Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, domestic and 
international forms of terrorism. 

POB 23 IG Politics: East Asian Nations 

Political cultures and governments of Japan, China 
(both Peoples Republic and Taiwan), and Korea 


Political Science 

(both north and south). Recommended: one 
introductory political science course. 

FOB 241 International Political Economy 

Four areas of world economic activity: trade, 
investment, aid and debt, and how changes in each 
over post WWII period influence development 
choices for the Third World. Prerequisite: POB 

POB 242 The Politics of Defense: Economics 
and Power 

History, institutions, and operation of the defense 
economy in the U.S. Conflicting theories and 
perspectives on the defense budget, military 
contracting, the defense industry, and economic 
rationales for U.S. foreign and military policy. 
Different possible foreign and military policies in the 
post-Cold War era and their effects on U.S. 

POB 243 Human Rights and 
International Law 

Current international human rights issues, including 
political, economic, social and cultural. Role of the 
United Nations and other international organiza- 
tions in forming and implementing human rights 
standards. Topics include women's rights, protection 
of minorities, and rights to economic subsistence. 

POB 25 1 The Media and Foreign Policy 

Examines the interplay between foreign policy and 
the media. Draws on historic foreign policy case 
studies to study current foreign policy material and 
decisions. Uses communication theory, critical 
analysis of media coverage, and media technology. 
Read classic and contemporary texts, group presenta- 
tions. Prior course in international relations and 
comfort with media technology recommended. 

POB 260M Political Science 
Research Methods 

Science and methods. Data gathering and analysis, 
univariate, bivariate and multivariate statistics. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and one of the 
following: ESN 172, HDA 101, or one political 
science course. 

POL 301 The Constitution and 
Government Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive and 
legislative branches of national government, analysis 
of major constitutional issues, of federalism and 
powers of the states. Supreme Court decisions. One 
lower-division political science course recom- 

POL 302 The Constitution and 
Individual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the government (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
POL 301 is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

POL 303 The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washington 
to the present. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. 

POL 304 U.S. Congress 

The U.S. legislative process with major attention to 
the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles of 
lawmakers, legislative behavior, and representative 
government in theory and fact. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

POL 305 Political Parties and Interest Groups 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and 
activities competing for party functions. One lower 
division political science course recommended. 

POB 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20th 
century, comparison of political systems and people, 
and future prospects. Prerequisite: POL 102 and POB 
103G or 104G or permission of instructor. 

POB 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contempo- 
rary international system. United Nations, European 
Community, other regional organizations and 
integration schemes, and international regimes. 
Prerequisite: POB 103G and one other political 
science course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sovereign 
states in the contemporary world. Origins of war and 
cold war. Modem characteristics of international 
politics. Prerequisites: POB 103G and one other 
political science course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

Historical and contemporary- relationship of women 
to politics. Evolution of the women's movement and 
participation of women in politics. Impact of 
women's movement at the global level. Prerequisite: 
one political science or women's and gender studies 
course, or permission of instructor. 


Political Science 

POB 321 Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, major 
institutions of government, as well as culture, history 
and contemporary political problems. POB 104G 
recommended or instructor's permission. 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century authoritar- 
ian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, military 
gove-mments, one-party Communist states and 
personalist dictatorships. A previous political science 
course is recommended. 

POB 323 Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theoretical 
requisites of a democratic system, practical political 
economic implications, examined as citizens of both 
the U.S. and the world. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or above. 

POB 324 East European Politics 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of political 
systems: U.S.S.R, People's Republic of China, 
Afro-Marxist regimes, non-ruling communist parties 
of Western Europe. Highly recommended that 
students have had either POB 103G, 104G, 321, 
HIC 244 or PEL 344- 

POB 325 Environmental Politics and Policies 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to environ- 
mental issues, the complexity of environmental 
problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies and 
political science. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing 
or above. 

POB 333 Government and Politics of Japan 

Historical, theoretical and comparative aspects of 
the political institutions, dynamics and culture of 
Japan. Political changes between the Meiji Restora- 
tion (1868) and the end of the Pacific War ( 1945) 
and domestic and international politics following 
World War 11. Prerequisite: one lower division 
political science course. 

POB 335 Government and Politics of China 

Twentieth century China, political culture, struggle 
for modernization and democratization, integration 
into the world. Chinese cultural heritage, institu- 
tions, state-society relations. Evaluation on 
participation, book review, paper, exams. 

POB 336 China, Japan and the United States 

Evolution of China and Japan from traditional 
societies to modem states. Relations among the 
three nations; economic policies of China and Japan; 
cultural traditions of China and Japan. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing or higher, or permission of 

POB 341 Ethics and International Relations 

Political realism and natural law, military interven- 
tion and the use of force, human rights and humani- 
tarian assistance, and the moral responsibilities of 
leaders and citizens. Prerequisite: Introduction to 
International Relations. 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

Past, present, and future world food supply, social 
factors that determine food production and distribu- 
tion. Political, economic, religious, gender, historical, 
geographic, other dimensions of hunger. Effect of 
government policies, technological change, 
international trading patterns, private interests and 
gender bias. 

POB 343 International Environmental Law 

War prevention, economic development, environ- 
mental protection and the evolution of international 
environmental law. Challenging and innovative 
legal ideas. U.S. foreign policy. Specific interna- 
tional incidents investigated to determine relevance 
of international law to decision-making process. 

POL 350 (Directed Study) Florida Politics 

State and local government in U.S., overview of 
Southern politics, problems and issues of Florida 
rapid growth, race relations, environment, voter 
dealignment, party realignment, elections, regional 

POB 351 Politics and Process of U.S. 
Foreign Policy 

Study of U.S. foreign policy decision-making process 
through case studies. Look at key variables in public 
policy management: personalities, group dynamics, 
outside influences, constitutional issues. Simula- 
tions and role playing of actual foreign policy process 
in U.S. Prerequisite: two political science courses 
and junior standing or higher. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. History 
of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia and impact 
of the Vietnam experience on U.S. policy-making in 
the 1980s. Causes of war, international mechanisms 
for conflict resolution, comparative development 
strategies and Third World political systems. 
Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of 

POB 42 1 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relationship 
among law, society and public policy in European, 
socialist and non- Western systems. The inner 
workings, view of justice, and social/cultural 
development of other civil societies. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

POL 450 (Directed Study) The Supreme 
Court in American Politics 

Internal operations of the U.S. Supreme Court, 
judicial decision-making and behavior, jurisdiction, 
structure of court system. Supreme Court's role in 
adjudication of civil rights and liberties. 


Students majoring in psychology have the option of 
completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications of the many sub-fields within the 
science and profession of contemporary psychology. 
Working closely with their Mentors, students build 
on this foundation by developing an individualized 
area of courses in a particular specialty which will 
augment their liberal arts psychology background. 
These students acquire the ability to 

- critique new research findings in psychology. 

- present research findings and theoretical 
systems in oral and written formats. 

- apply theory to real-world problems. 

- evaluate contemporary controversies in the field 
of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set of 
experiences in which they acquire the following 
specific research skills 

- critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

- designing and conducting original research 

- using SPSSx to analyze research data. 

- using microcomputer-based graphics packages 
to prepare professional quality figures and 

- preparing publication quality research reports in 
APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree complete the 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learning and 
Cognition, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Psychology Research Methods I, II, Personal- 
ity Theory and Research, Biopsychology, Abnormal 
Psychology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete all 
of the B.A. courses plus the following: Research 


Skills, Psychological Tests and Measurements, and 
either Advanced Personality Research or Advanced 
Social Research, and History and System of 

The required courses are arranged in a hierarchical 
and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 
during the undergraduate years. This sequence is 
listed on a checklist which the student will use with 
the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. While 
providing a basic structure to the degree planning, 
the sequence includes adequate flexibility for 
students wishing to participate in the International 
Education program and those who also pursue a 
second major. A minor in psychology must include 
Introduction to Psychology, Experimental Psychol- 
ogy, Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence, 
Human Learning and Cognition, Abnormal 
Psychology, and either Personality Theory and 
Research or Social Psychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must be 
passed with a grade of C or better. 

PSB 101 Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, human 
development, personality, abnormal behavior, social 
processes, values issues in research and intervention 
in human lives. 

PSB 200/20 IM Statistics and Research 
Design 1, II 

Two-semester course integrates basic descriptive and 
inferential statistics with principles of research 
design. Statistical theory and procedures introduced 
as logical components of the larger process of 
designing, conducting, and evaluating valid scientific 
research. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional development 
from conception to the end of adolescence. Prerequi- 
site: PSB 101. 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intellectual 
and social changes beyond adolescence. Prerequisite: 
PSB 101. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Principles of human learning, thinking, creativity, 
formal reasoning, information processing, problem 
solving and memory. Prerequisites: PSB 101. 



PSB 208 Child Psychology 

Theory and research on disorders of childhood and 
adolescence, including etiology, diagnosis, associated 
conditions and treatment. Prerequisites: PSB 101 or 
HDA 101. 

PSB 221 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the B.S. degree in 
psychology. Acquire skills in designing, executing, 
analyzing and reporting correlational and experi- 
mental research. Prerequisite: PSB ZOOM and PSB 

PSB 234 Health Psychology 

Role of psychological/behavioral factors in the 
etiology and prevention of illness. Strong emphasis 
on primary prevention of chronic disease through 
behavior modification. Prerequisite: PSB 201M or 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environment, 
group influence, past and present concepts and 
research. Experimental approach to understanding 
social forces which affect individuals. Prerequisites: 
PSB 101 and PSB 200M and PSB 201M. 

PSB 303 Industrial-Organizational Psychology 

(Directed Study) 

Theories of motivation, psychological testing for 
personnel selection and performance evaluation, 
models of stress and organizational interventions, 
group dynamics, psychological theories of organiza- 
tions and leadership. Prerequisite: PSB 101 or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and Research 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the study 
of classical and contemporary approaches to 
personality. Prerequisite: PSB 200 and PSB 201M. 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and 

Reliability, validity, psychological and measurement 
assumptions underlying interviews, self-report 
inventories, aptitude tests; major instruments and 
their uses; ethical issues in testing. Prerequisite: PSB 
221 (or may be taken concurrently). 

PSB 308 Abnormal Psychology 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged by 
society to be abnormal, deviant or unacceptable, 
using such models for understanding as the psycho- 
analytic, medical, behavioristic and 
humanistic-existential. Prerequisites: PSB 101 or 
HDA 101 and Sophomore standing. 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

The application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding such phenomena as 
consciousness, instinct, motivation, learning, 
thought, language, memory, emotion. Appropriate 
for Juniors and Seniors with backgrounds in 
psychology or natural sciences. Prerequisite: PSB 

PSB 322 Advanced Social Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research with an emphasis on techniques 
(archival research, survey methodology) not stressed 
in the experimental psychology sequence. Prerequi- 
sites: PSB 221 and 302. 

PSB 326 Advanced Personality Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research, stressing content and method- 
ology. Fine points of cutting edge investigations of 
personality issues. Prerequisite: PSB 221 and 306. 

PSB 328 Advanced Clinical Research 

For B.S. track students. Experience in research and 
topics related to psychopathology and/or clinical 
psychology. Prepares students for graduate work in 
psychology. Prerequisites: PSB 221 and 308. 

PSB 344/444 Internship in Psychology 

Work approximately 10-12 hours a week under 
supervision of local community professional. 
Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing, psychology 
major, and permission of instructor. May be 
repeated for credit. 

PSB 345 Psychology of Male/Female 

Focus on analytical and applied understanding of the 
challenges of intimate male/female relationships. 
Topics include gender socialization, expectations, 
interpersonal attraction. 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain (Directed Study) 
For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in Psychology 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB 101, PSB 200M, PSB 20 IM and 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 410 History and Systems 

Senior Seminar for psychology majors. A synthetic 
overview of the history and major theoretical systems 
of modem psychology. Prerequisites: Senior standing 
and major preparation in psychology. 

Religious Studies 

PSB 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an indepen- 
dent study project with one of the faculty. Directed 
research leading to a Senior thesis is available by 
invitation of the faculty only. 


QFM 410 The Quest for Meaning 

(Directed Study by petition only for Seniors) 

Through readings and class discussions, plenary 
sessions, self-reflective writing, and sustained 
engagement in an off-campus community serx'ice 
project, this course provides opportunity in the 

senior year for students to reflect-in a serious and 
sustained manner-on their college education thus far 
and on the direction of their lives after graduation. 
Students will encounter Jewish, Christian, and other 
religious perspectives embodied in individuals who 
have found in these perspectives valuable sources for 
facing ultimate questions of life. 


See Philosophy/Religion. 


Students majoring in religious studies should have 
developed the following competencies by the time 
they graduate: 

- familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

- knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows the 
student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate 
judgments based on critical study. 

- capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

- evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort to 
synthesize new information and insight into a 
personally meaningful world view. 

Students majoring in religious studies must take the 
basic course. Introduction to Religious Studies (REL 
201 ), and at least two courses from each of the 
following areas: Biblical studies (including REL 242) 
historical and theological studies (including REL 
241), non- Western religions (including REL 240G) 
and two additional religious studies courses of the 
student's choice. At least four of the courses beyond 
the introductory course must be 300 level or above. 

Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

In addition to the successful completion of courses 
just described, students will normally be expected to 
fulfill a senior comprehensive exam, consisting of 
three written exams, a scholarly paper in a focal area 
of the student's choice, and an oral exam. Excep- 
tional students may be invited to do a senior thesis 
rather than the comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take REL 201 plus four courses in the 
discipline, subject to the approval of the discipline 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the supervision of a three-member interdisci- 
plinary faculty committee, requires the completion of 
at least nine courses, including two in Biblical 
studies (one of which should be REL 203 or REL 
204) and two in theological and historical studies 
(including REL 241). The remaining five courses are 
selected from the area of psychology and counseling 
studies. This concentration should appeal especially 
to students contemplating professional careers with 
church and synagogue, and to students who wish to 
work as lay people in religious institutions. 

REL 201 Introduction to Religious Studies 

Religious experience and ideas as they are expressed 
in such cultural forms as community, ritual, myth, 
doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; synthesizing 
personal religious ideas and values. 

REL 206 Sisters of Eve: The Bible, Gender, 
and Sexual Politics 

Relations between biblical literature and issues of 
sexual difference, gender socialization, misogyny, and 
the question of origins of patriarchy. 

REL 210 Introduction to Christian Ethics 

(Directed Study available) 

Some major figures in the history of Christian ethics, 
with most emphasis on contemporary approaches. 
Introduction to some of the most important issues 
and methods. 

REL 221 Religion in America 

(Directed Study available) 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Judaism and 
Christianity in American life. The uniqueness of the 
American religious experience and its impact on 
American institutional patterns. 

REL 230G Yogis, Mystics, and Shamans 

Texts on sacred power, the specific technique by 
which it is developed, and contemporary practices 
that are based on archaic models. REL 240G 
recommended but not required. 

Religious Studies 

REL 234 The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

Regional goddesses in India, China, and Japan. The 
relationship between women and the divine 
feminine principle within the context of Asian 
cultures compared with contemporary western 
expressions of Goddess culture. REL 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

REL 240G Non-Western Religions 

The founders of non-Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence of 
their teachings as coherent systems, with compari- 
sons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

REL 241 History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Christian 
Church through the past nineteen centuries. The 
great theological debates, significant issues, and 
formative thinkers. 

REL 242 Dead Prophets Society: 
Introduction to Bible 

Emphasis on literary craft of biblical literature, and 
relations between it and the arts throughout history, 
especially in contemporary culture. 

REL 244 Judaism, Christianity and Islam 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Christianity, 
Islam. Historical development, literature and 
contributions to the West. The Bible and Koran. 

REL 271 Fire in the Mind: Science 
and Religion 

Origins of science in context of Judaeo-Christian 
tradition, conflicts between science and religion, 
similarities and differences in the goals and methods 
of science and theology, significance of their 
relationship for some important contemporary 
environmental issues. 

REL 272 Creativity and the Sacred 

Exploration of connections between the visual and 
literary arts and the sacred. Students will examine 
the significant interconnections of art and the sacred 
by analyzing forms, styles, symbolism, themes, and 
narrative structures. 

REL 305 Biblical Exegesis 

Close reading of a particular section of the Bible, its 
socio-historical background, literary, theological, 
philological, grammatical and rhetorical characteris- 
tics. Prerequisite: REL 203 or 204 or consent of 

REL 319G The Hindu Tradition 

Yoga, meditation, karma, reincarnation, major 
devotional and ceremonial traditions that have 
developed around Shiva, Vishnu, and the Goddess. 

The dynamic between popular worship and the 
contemplative traditions of Hindu culture. REL 
240G recommended but not required. 

REL 320 The Buddhist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices as 
they spread from India to South and East Asia, 
contrasting Western religious views with those of 
another world religion. 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black feminist, and 
European political liberation theologies from earlier 
forms of theology, their development and contribu- 
tion to the wider theology, and responses to them. 

REL 330 Human Nature and Destiny: A 
Theological Inquiry 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposiveness of human life, relationship 
between humans and nature. 

REL 350E Ecology, Chaos, and the Sacred 

Examine a persistent theme throughout biblical and 
ancient Near Eastern tradition- the struggle of 
ecological order against the inbreaking of chaos. 
How is the one maintained against the other? Is 
"reality" chaos or order? How does one's world-view 
(ancient or modem) affect one's understanding of 
ecology, chaos, or even "reality?" 

REL 354 Archaeology of Palestine 

Explore recent trends, focusing on the early history 
of Israel and Judah as an access to the larger field. 
Possible opportunities for summer field work. 

REL 361 From Existentialism to 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers of the 
20th century including Barth, Bultmann, Tillich, 
Niebuhr, Buber, Kung, and Moltmann. 

REL 371 Religions of China and Japan 

Taoism and Confucianism in China, Shinto in Japan 
and the imported tradition of Buddhism and its 
regional developments in various schools; the 
syncretistic character of East Asian religiosity. REL 
240G recommended but not required. 

REL 381E Ecotheology 

The major dimensions of the current ecological crisis 
and its roots in Western tradition, how 
Judaeo-Christian thought has traditionally regarded 
nature and its relationship to God and humans, and 
implications for action. 



REL 383 Hindu Mystical Poetry 

Representative works from the classical, medieval 
and contemporary periods, different genres and 
regional philosophies represented by various poets. 

REL 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a minimum of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instructor required. 

REL 440 Strange Fire: God and the Book 

A way into "biblical theology" that focuses on 
questions about sacred writing and god-talk (theol- 
ogy). Survey past thinking, explore more modem 

REL 443 Seminar on the Hindu Tantra 

Meditative techniques and visualizations, mantra 
recitations, mystic diagrams, yogic practice, worship 
of the Goddess. The sacred origin of sound and 
language, the nature of supreme consciousness. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 

REL 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on Chris- 
tianity, but principles have broader implications. 
Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 


CRA 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year- long course for Resident Advisers at Eckerd 
College, beginning in autumn term. Communica- 
tion, paraprofessional counseling, crisis intervention, 
conflict resolution, leadership training. 



Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps 
(AFROTC) curriculum includes 12-16 hours of 
instruction by active duty Air Force officers over a 
two-to-four year period. A student who completes 
the AFROTC program will receive an Air Force 
commission as a second lieutenant and is guaranteed 
a position in the active duty Air Force at a starting 
salary of approximately $28,000 per year. 

AFROTC is offered as either a two-or-four year 
program. The four-year program normally requires a 
student to successfully complete all degree require- 
ments for award of a bachelor's degree, 16 course 
hours of AFROTC classes, and a four-week field 
training encampment between his/her sophomore 

and junior years. The two-year program gives 
students who do not enroll in the AFROTC during 
their freshman and sophomore years the opportunity 
of taking AFROTC. Students should apply for the 
two-year program by December of the sophomore 
year. The student attends a six-week field-training 
encampment in the summer prior to program entry. 
Upon entering the program, the student then 
completes all undergraduate degree requirements and 
12 credit hours of AFROTC courses. 

ROTC students take a 1.5 hour non-credit leader- 
ship laboratory in addition to the academic classes. 
Students wear the Air Force uniform during these 
periods and are taught customs and courtesies of the 
Air Force. Leadership Laboratory is open to students 
who are members of the ROTC program or are 
eligible to pursue a commission as determined by the 
Professor of Aerospace Studies. 

AFROTC 4, 3 and 2-year scholarships are available 
for eligible participants. These scholarships pay all 
tuition, fees and books, and a $200 per month tax- 
free stipend. Non-scholarship students in the final 
two years of the program are eligible for the Profes- 
sional Officer Course Incentive (POCl) which is up 
to $3,000 a year for tuition and $450 for books and 
the monthly $200 tax-free stipend. 

Students interested in the program should contact 
the University of South Florida AFROTC Det 158 
at (813) 971-3367. 

The following courses are available at the University 
of South Florida: 

General Military Course (GMC) 


AFR 1101 The Air Force Today: Organization and 


AFR 1 120 The Air Force Today: Structure and Roles 


AFR 2130 The Evolution of Air and Space Power 
AFR 2140 The Evolution of Air and Space Power II 
Professional Officer Courses (POC) 


AFR 3220 Air Force Leadership and Management 1 
AFR 3231 Air Force Leadership and Management 11 


AFR 4201 Natural Security Forces in Contemporary 
American Society I 

AFR 3211 National Security Forces in Contempo- 
rary American Society 11 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
for the first two years (equivalent to four semester 



hours) and three course credits (equivalent to twelve 
semester hours) for the successful completion of the 
final two years. 


(Reserve Officers' Training Corps) 

The Department of Military Science for Army 
Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) was 
established to select and prepare students to serve as 
officers in the Regular and Reserve components of 
the United States Army. The curriculum is designed 
to develop the students; leadership potential, as well 
as improve the students; planning, organizational, 
and managerial skills. 

Army ROTC training is divided into two phases: the 
first two years constitute the Basic Course; the last 
two the Advanced Course. The Department offers 
both a four and a two-year program, each leading to 
a commission as a second lieutenant in the United 
States Army. The four-year program requires 
completion of the Basic Course, a five-week field 
training course, and the Advanced Course. Students 
with prior active military service or previous training 
at military schools may exempt some or all of the 
Basic Course. Students with questions concerning 
the various options should contact the Professor of 
Military Science for more information. Army 
ROTC training is offered to both men and women 
students and provides free uniforms and textbooks. 
Enrollment is open to qualified students at all levels, 
including graduate students. Offerings are published 
each semester. 

Scholarships are awarded on a competitive basis in 
all academic majors. The scholarship pays for 
tuition, books, lab fees, and certain other academic 

All Advanced Course and scholarship students 
receive $200.00 per month for subsistence. This is in 
addition to the pay of approximately $700.00 while 
attending the five-week field training course at the 
Summer Advanced Camp. 

Additional skills training at the Airborne School, 
Air Assault School, and the Northern Warfare 
School is available to both Basic and Advanced 
Course students during semester breaks. Additional 
skills training is also available during the academic 
year to include first aid, rappelling, orienteering, etc. 

Basic Course: TTie Basic Course consists of four 
semesters of classroom instruction of one hour each 
week. Students incur no military commitment by 
participating in the Basic Course. 

Advanced Course: The Advanced Course is 
designed to prepare the student who desires to be a 
Professional Army Officer for duty, either Reserve, 
National Guard, or Active Army. The training 

consists of four semesters of classroom instruction of 
three hours each week, lab, field training exercises, 
and a five-week training phase at summer Advanced 

The newly commissioned officer can be guaranteed 
Reserve or National Guard duty, or compete for an 
Active Duty commission. Prior to commissioning 
the study may request to serve in a number of career 
fields to include; aviation, engineering, medical, law, 
law enforcement, logistics, and personnel administra- 

Requirements for an AROTC Commission: 

Students who desire to earn a commission as a 
second lieutenant in the United States Army must 
meet the following requirements; four semesters of 
the ROTC Advanced Course, successfully complete 
the Professional Military Education Courses (written 
communication skills, computer literacy, and 
military history), attend Advanced Camp, maintain 
and graduate with a minimum of a 2.0 GPA, pass the 
Army Physical Readiness Test and meet the height 
and weight, and requirements of the United States 

Military Science Courses 

Students not attending an Army Scholarship may 
take these courses with no obligation to the Army. 
Army scholarships and service obligation options are 
discussed in class. 

MIS 1000 Organization of the Army and 

Make your first new peer group at college committed 
to performing well and enjoying the experience. 
Increase self-confidence through team study and 
activities in basic drill, physical fitness, first aid, and 
making presentations. Learn fundamentals of 

MIS 1400 Fundamentals of Leadership 

Learn/apply principles of effective leading. Rein- 
force self-confidence through participation in 
physically and mentally challenging exercises. 
Develop communication skills. Relate organiza- 
tional ethical values to the effectiveness of a leader. 

MIS 2601 Military Training Management and 
Instructional Techniques 

Learn/apply ethics based leadership skills that 
develop individual abilities and contribute to the 
building of effective teams. Develop skills in oral 
presentations, writing, planning, coordinating of 
group efforts, fundamentals of ROTC's Leadership 
Development Program. 


Russian Studies 

MIS 2610 Leadership Assessment 

Introduction to individual and team aspects of 
military tactics in small unit operations, radio 
communications, making safety assessments, 
movement techniques, planning for team safety/ 
security and methods of pre-execution checks. Learn 
techniques for training others as an aspect of 
continued leadership development. 

MIS 2610L Leadership Laboratory 

Required with all classes. Involves leadership 
responsibilities for the planning, coordinating, 
execution and evaluation of various training and 
activities. Students develop, practice and refine 
leadership skills by serving and being evaluated in a 
variety of responsible positions. 

*Please note that MIS 1000 and MIS 2601 are only 
offered during the fall semester MIS 1400 and MIS 
2610 are only offered during the spring semester. 
MIS 2610L is offered for both the fall and spring 

For more information contact USF Army ROTC 
at (813) 974-4065, or visit our website at 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
credit (equivalent to four semester hours) for each 
course completed for two semesters for a total of four 
course credits (equivalent to sixteen semester hours) 
for the complete four year program. 


The major in Russian studies integrates the study of 
the Russian language with Russian history, literature 
and contemporary Russian reality. Students who 
complete the Russian studies major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

- knowledge of the Russian language including an 
understanding of its grammatical structure and 
the acquisition of basic vocabulary. 

understanding of Russian history from its roots 
in Kievan Russia to the dramatic events of the 

- knowledge of Russian writers and the great 
works of Russian literature of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. 

- understanding of contemporary Russian and 
former Soviet political and social structures, 
cultural patterns, and relationships with the 
outside world as they relate to the present, and 
the probable future path of Russian develop- 

Students must complete at least two years of college 
level Russian, and finish five courses dealing 

specifically with Russia, including two in Russian 
history and two in Russian literature. Each student 
must also choose a field of specialization within 
Russian studies (usually language, literature, history, 
political science or international business) consisting 
of at least four courses in addition to those listed 
above. When appropriate, these courses may be 
independent or directed studies, and/or thesis 
preparation. All students have an oral examination 
covering their entire program, in addition to the 
comprehensive exam in the field of specialization or 
a thesis. 

Students interested in the major should begin 
immediately with the study of the Russian language 
at the appropriate level. The entry level course to 
the major is Russia: Perestroika to Present or 
Cultural History of Russia. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any four 
courses in Russian studies. 

RUG 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing grammatical and conversational patterns 
of modem Russian. 

RUG 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Review and completion of basic Russian grammar, 
and continued work on conversational skills. 
Prerequisite: RUC 101/2 or its equivalent. 

RUG/LIG 232 Russian Glassies in 

Representative works of 19th century Russian writers 
such as Pushkin, Lermontov, Turgenev, Tolstoy, and 
Dostoevsky. Offered alternate years. 

RUG/LIG 234 Twentieth Century Russian 

Literary and political factors in the development of 
Russian literature since the Russian Revolution of 

RUG 282G Russian Society through Cinema 

Russian life and society as presented through the 
cinema. Special emphasis on how film makers 
portrayed social realities during the period of 
"cultural perestroika" in the former Soviet Union 
and post-communist Russia. 

HIG 2830 Russia: Perestroika to Present 

For description see History. 

RUG 301 Introduction to Russian Literature 
and Culture (taught in Russian) 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to the present. 


Russian Studies 

Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Russian Society 
(taught in Russian) 

Family, education, youth organizations, economic 
pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, etc. Prerequi- 
site: two years of college Russian. Offered alternate 


An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Education 
Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in oceanogra- 
phy, nautical science and maritime studies. They 
then go to sea for the second half of the semester 
(the six-week sea component) for a practical 
laboratory experience. The program may be begun at 
several times during the academic year. Eckerd 
College tuition and scholarship aid often can be 
applied toward the cost of Sea Semester and 
additional aid may be available from S.E.A. For more 
information, contact the Office of International 
Education and Off Campus Programs. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed below. 
Students from any major may apply and this satisfies 
the Environmental Perspective requirement. Sea 
Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.) offers a shorter 
summer program for three course block credit. 
Students interested in the summer program must 
apply directly to S.E.A. 

SMN 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a college 
laboratory course in a physical or biological science 
or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, literature 
and art of our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary maritime 

SMN 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 

SMN 304 Practical Oceanography 1 (Basic) 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. 

SMN 305 Practical Oceanography 11 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 


Capstone Senior seminars are offered within the 
collegium or discipline of the student's major, 
focusing on the search for solutions to important 
issues that students are likely to confront during their 
lifetimes. These seminars, required for Seniors at the 
discretion of the discipline, may be considered as 
part of the student's major. 


ECB 410 The History of Economic Thought 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

For description see Management. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 410 History and Systems 

For description see Psychology. 


ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

For description see Art. 

HDA 410 Human Development Senior 

For description see Human Development. 


ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

For description see Anthropology. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French Studies 

For description see Modem Languages, French. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International 

For description see International Business. 

SPC 410 Spanish American Novel 

For description see Modem Languages and 
Literature, Spanish. 



LTL 410 Letters Senior Seminar 

Examination from an interdisciplinary' point of view 
of the intellectual, political, cultural and social 
changes in this century, and of the attempts to 
formulate new paradigms of knowledge. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

For description see Women's and Gender Studies. 


BIN 410 Biology Senior Seminar 

For description see Biology. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Senior Seminar 

For description see Chemistry. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Senior Seminar 

For description see Computer Science. 

MSN 410 Marine Science Senior Seminar 

For description see Marine Science. 

MAN 410 Mathematics Senior Seminar 

For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 410 Physics Senior Seminar 

For description see Physics. 


Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methods to the study of diverse aspects of human 
conduct. Theories of human behavior are developed 
and tested through the collection and analysis of 
empirical evidence. The discipline strives to provide 
students with perspectives and methods that may be 
applied to understanding a broad range of social 

Knowledge and skills expected of sociology students 

Sociology students learn critical thinking skills, 
including the ability to challenge common 
assumptions, formulate questions, evaluate 
evidence, and reach reasoned conclusions. 

- Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students 
acquire knowledge of traditional and emergent 
sociological perspectives that may be applied to 
understanding the various dimensions of social 

- Methodological competency is necessary to the 
development and application of critical 
thinking. Students acquire qualitative and 
quantitative research skills which allow an 


appreciation of sociological research, and 
facilitate the critique of evidence underlying 
many issues of public debate. 

- The sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory of social life. 

- Sociology students develop writing and 
speaking skills needed to present ideas and 
research efforts in a cogent and scholarly form. 
Clear, organized presentation of ideas and 
research is requisite to sociological training. 
Consequently, every effort is made to help 
students improve their oral and written 
communication skills. 

- Sociology provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to recognize 
and comprehend global and national diversity 
of social life, and thus locate personal values 
and self-identity within the context of our 
complex and changing social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a core 
of six course requirements with a minimum of C 
grade in each course. SLB 101 Introduction to 
Sociology provides the foundation of theoretical 
perspectives, research methods, and substantive areas 
of investigation that are shared across the discipline. 
SLB 160M Statistical Methods instructs students in 
the techniques of quantitative data analysis. In SLB 
260 Qualitative Methods and SLB 360 Research 
Design, students develop an advanced understand- 
ing of research methods that includes application to 
real world social issues. SLB 310 Social Stratifica- 
tion provides a thorough examination of the 
structure and dynamics of inequality. SLB 410 The 
History of Social Thought elaborates sociological 
theory in an intensive examination of perspectives 
for explaining social behavior. In addition to the six 
core requirements, students select four sociology 
electives toward completion of the ten courses in the 
major. It is also possible for the student to focus the 
four electives on specialization in criminal justice. 

SLB 101 Introduction to Sociology 

An introduction to the principles and methods of 
sociology, as well as important research findings. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses of 
relationship between human self-consciousness and 
socialization. Each person is unique, but each 
person's sense of self is shaped by others. Prerequisite: 
SLB 101. 



SLB 160M Statistical Methods 

Introduction to quantitative techniques for data 
analysis in the social sciences. Univariate descrip- 
tion, bivariate description, and statistical inference. 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, the 
function of values and normative patterns, and social 
conflict over values and resources. Prerequisite: SLB 

SLB 224 Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the historical 
transition of ideas about crime, types of crime such as 
street level, organized, corporate, government; the 
measurement of crime and criminal deterrence. 

SLB 235 Deviance 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, with 
an emphasis on an interactionist perspective. 
Deviance is understood as interaction between those 
doing something and those who are threatened by 
what they do. Prerequisite: SLB 101 

SLB 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and analysis 
of human conduct and experience. Hands-on 
experience in field research methods and sociologi- 
cal inquiry. Prerequisite: SLB 101 

SLB 310 Social Stratification 

Inequality in the distribution of wealth, power, and 
status within a social system, including the effects of 
ethnicity, race, gender, occupational and wage 
hierarchies. Prerequisites: SLB 160M, 101, and 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of 
police, capital punishment, adjustments after prison 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, child 
and family services, legal services, special education, 
working a minimum of ten hours a week at the 
agency. Prerequisites: at least Junior standing and 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 326 The FamUy 

Family roles such as children, men, women, spouses, 
parents, kin examined. Ways in which family and 
work life interact. Dynamic changes in American 
family structure, and the modem family. Prerequisite: 
SLB 101. 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior in 
public places. The nature of deference and de- 
meanor, tension between individuality and social 
structure, rules governing involvement, normal 
appearances, and role distance. Prerequisite: SLB 
160M and 260. 

SLB 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey project. 
Prerequisite: SLB 160M. 

SLB/MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

Major factors affecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizationial factors, leadership. Prerequisite: 
SLB 160M and 101, or permission of instructor. 

SLB 404 Crime, Justice, and Ethics 

Apply ethical theories to analyze criminal justice 
conduct. Due process in law enforcement, tension 
between truth and loyalty, exercise of discretionary 
power, use of force, justification for punishment. 
Prerequisites: SLB 224 and 324 or permission of 

SLB 410 History of Social Thought 

For sociology majors. Concepts, approaches, and 
orientations that have played a part in shaping the 
nature of sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 
20th centuries as sociology matured. 

SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the dynamics 
which produced it. Primary frameworks, the 
anchoring of activity, legitimation, internalization, 
selective attention, typification. Prerequisite: SLB 


See Modem Languages and Literatures. 


MAN 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

For description, see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given for only one of MAN 133 and 
the Behavioral Science statistics courses below, but 
not both. 



SLB 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Sociology. 

BEB 260M Statistical Methods for Natural 

Statistical methods used in the professional literature 
of the various natural sciences. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing and one of the following: BIN 
100, MSN 119, 242, MSN/BIN 189, MSN 304, 
CSN 143M. 

ECB/MNB 260M Statistical Methods for 
Management and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

POB 260M Political Science Research 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 200/lM Statistics and Research 
Design 1, 11 

For description see Psychology. 


The theatre program has two important functions: to 
provide the serious and talented theatre student with 
the theoretical, historical and practical fundamentals 
of the field; and to serve as a cultural resource for the 
college and community. Therefore, anyone is 
encouraged to join the creative efforts on-stage and 
backstage, whether student, staff or townsperson. 

Students majoring in theatre are expected to develop 
the following knowledge and skills: 

- acting and movement skills; for majors with 
emphasis in performance (acting/directing), 
additional in-depth knowledge and skills in one 
area, such as dance, singing, mime, puppetry. 

- technical and backstage skills; for majors with 
emphasis in production, additional knowledge 
and skill in one area, such as sound, carpentry, 

functions and responsibilities of professional 
theatre staff. 

knowledge of 40 plays, 25 classical, 15 modem, 
and 10 one act plays. 

- knowledge of major Western historical periods 
and at least one Eastern theatre tradition. 

- names of important theatrical innovators, past 
and present, one source reference book in each 
major theatrical field, major professional theatre 
organizations and unions, theatrical supply 
houses and leasing agents for plays, and good 
graduate schools in the area of emphasis. 

The academic requirements for theatre majors are 14 
courses in the area which will include the following 
core program: The Human Instrument, Basic 
Acting, Stagecraft, Theatre Projects, Directing, 
History of Drama (two semesters), Theatre Beyond 
Literature, Theatre Internship, and Senior Project. 

Suggested programs for performance or technical 

First Year Students 

The Human Instrument (core) 
Basic Acting (core) 
Dance I (performance) ^ 

Stage Lighting (technical) ^ 

Living Theatre (alternate) 

Directing (core) 
Stagecraft (core) 
Theatre Projects (core) 
Projects in Acting (performance) 
Projects in Design (technical) 

Improvisation (performance) 

Dance and Techniques 

Musical Theatre 

The Lively Arts in London (winter term abroad) 

History of Drama I 
Dance and Techniques (core) 
Projects in Design (technical) 
Theatre Internship (core) 
Directing (performance or technical) 


Projects in Design 

CAD: Applications to the Theatre 

Theatre Beyond Literature (core) 
Projects in Acting (performance) 
■■ Senior Project (core) 

Projects in Design (technical) 

Projects in Acting (performance) 

Advanced Directing 

Each student is expected to concentrate on a major 
creative work as a Senior project. Some time should 
be spent on an internship at a major theatre center, 
or on a special summer program of participation in 
the performance arts. The American Stage Com- 
pany is based in St. Petersburg and provides 
professional resources for the theatre program. 

A minor in theatre requires six courses, of which at 
least two are at the 200 level or above. 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, mind, 
and psyche through a wide range of exercises. 



THA 102 The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations of 
the theatre arts, along with performance and theatre 
technology. Class critiques of dramatic productions 
on campus. Short scenes performed in class. 

THA 161 Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constructing the 
stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and power 
tools, set construction, scene painting, special effects 
and new products. 

THA 163 Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene work. 
Introduction to several approaches to the craft of 
acting. THA 101 recommended. 

THA 1/2/366 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and produc- 
tion. Completion of three units chosen from: 
production (lights, publicity, costumes, sound, 
scenery, props, makeup, management) and perfor- 
mance (audition repertory, touring, main-stage, 
studio, choreography). May be repeated for credit. 

THA 176 Dance I 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement 
vocabulary. A study of dance history. Active 
technique class, with performing opportunity. 

THA 202 Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "labora- 
tory" course. Students work with techniques 
developed by a variety of theatrical innovators, with 
emphasis on controlled creativity. Permission of 
instructor required. 

THA 265 CAD: Applications for the Theatre 

Become familiar with state of-the-art programs for 
use in theatre design and performance and begin to 
utilize, in actual production, sophisticated programs 
available in the Bininger Theatre. Basic program 
tools of Draft Choice, AutoCAD, Lights Beyond 
Athens. Two-dimensional drawing techniques, 
three-dimensional drawing functions, desktop 
publishing, set design to light plot transfer. Prerequi- 
site: permission of instructor. 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

History and performance technique of the musical, 
America's unique contribution to theatrical arts. 
Derivation and stylistic development of the form; 
artistic aspects of performance through laboratory 
production of scenes. 

THA 2/3/476 Dance and Techniques 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance composi- 
tion. Active technique class, dance composition 
projects, and performing opportunity. Prerequisites: 
Dance 1 or previous experience and permission of 

THA 30 IG Living and Performing in 
Avignon (Directed Study) 
Rehearsals, equipment, costumes, props, and scenery 
preparation prior to five weeks during July and 
August at the Festival dAvignon, Provence, France. 
While in Avignon, that company performs seven 
times a week. 

THA 322 Communication Arts and 

The principles, values, forms and effects of persuasive 
public communication. Film and video tape 
examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive speech. 
Not open to Freshmen. 

THA 323 Oral Interpretation of Literature 

Read literature for characterization, locus, technical 
considerations, devices of language and structure, 
text analysis. Lectures, exercises to develop begin- 
ning readers, and at least six oral presentations 
projects. Attendance essential because of emphasis 
on performance. 

THA 333 Play Reading 

An exploration of current and contemporary plays. 
Students will increase their vocabulary of scripts, 
expand their choices of scene and monologue 
material, and gain a better understanding of script 
analysis, a skill invaluable for acting, directing, and 
designing. Students will also gain skills in play 
reading and in performing dramatic readings before 
an audience. Evaluation based on class discussion, 
exams, research presentations, script analyses, and 
dramatic readings. 

THA 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship basis. 
May be repeated for credit. Permission of instructor 

THA 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to production. 
Productions provide menu for Lunchbox Theatre 
Series. Prerequisite: THA 163 or equivalent 
experience or permission of instructor. 

THA 376 Dance and Techniques 

See THA 276. 

Women's and Gender Studies 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning with basic 
elements of movement and culminating in a student 
work. Performing opportunity. Prerequisites: Dance 
and Techniques, or previous experience and 
permission of instructor. 

THA 382 Theatre Beyond Literature 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values in 
Eastern and Western culture, and the forces that 
contributed to the development of various styles of 
presentation in each distinct historical period, with a 
key script from each period. 

THA 463 Projects in Technical Theatre 

Focus on advanced academic/practical study in areas 
of technical theatre, e.g. stage management, 
advanced stagecraft, welding, drafting, scene 
painting, etc. The production needs of the academic 
program would determine the specific focus of the 
advanced area of study in any given semester. 
Prerequisite: 161 or 162 or permission of instructor. 
May be repeated for credit. 

THA 465 Special Projects in Design 

Execution of a scene, lighting or costume design for a 
major full-length production or series of one-act 
plays. Prerequisite: THA 161, 162 or 363 or 
permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit. 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Focus on practical study in areas of acting, e.g. 
ensemble, improvisation, characterization, voice, 
dialects, maskwork, scene-study, acting styles 
auditioning. May be repeated for credit. Prerequi- 
site: THA 163 or permission of instructor. 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period or 
modem piece. Each director prepares at least two 
examples for an audience. Critique discussions. 
Prerequisite: THA 372. 

THA 476 Dance and Theatre 

See THA 276. 

THA 499 Senior Project 

Theatre majors are required to submit, in the second 
semester of the Junior year, a proposal for a project in 
their area of emphasis. The project, to be completed 
in the Senior year, is a synthesis of the student's 
academic and practical experience, and an opportu- 
nity to demonstrate knowledge and evaluate the 
final project. Some possible choices are acting, 
directing, design and play writing. A three-member 
faculty committee evaluates the final project. 
Prerequisite: taking the Theatre Assessment 
Examination. By permission only. 

THI 365G Theatre in London 

See International Education. 


See Art. 


WHF 181 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study of the Greek, Roman, 
Chinese, and Indian worlds, using masterworks of 
those civilizations. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context II 

Exploring the post Renaissance world through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplishments, and 
other major endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183 U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A contempo- 
rary view of the U.S. and a limited survey of its past, 
size and diversity. Required for all degree-seeking 
international students. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context (Honors) 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is by 
application to the Honors Program Director. 


Descriptions of winter term projects are published in 
a separate brochure. 


Women's and gender studies is an interdisciplinary 
major exploring the creation, meaning and perpetua- 
tion of gender in human societies, both past and 
present. It is also an inquiry into women's material, 
cultural and economic production, their collective 
undertakings and self descriptions. The women's and 
gender studies major seeks to provide opportunities 

acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 


Women's and Gender Studies 

developing an understanding and respect for the 
integrity of self and others. 

- learning to communicate effectively. 

developing the knowledge, abilities, apprecia- 
tion and motivations that liberate men and 

seriously encountering with the values dimen- 
sions of individual growth and social interac- 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem-solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender studies 
must take a minimum of ten courses, including 
WGL 201 and WGL 410, and then eight courses in 
three disciplines in consultation with their Mentors. 
Five of these courses must be at the 300 level or 
above. Majors must successfully pass a Senior 
comprehensive examination or, if invited by the 
faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, students 
take five courses including WGL 201 and WGL 410. 
Three of the five courses must be at the 300 level or 

WGL 410 does not replace a discipline Senior 
Seminar for students who are minoring in women's 
and gender studies. 

WGL 201 Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical construc- 
tion of gender and gender roles from an interdiscipli- 
nary perspective. Human gender differences, male 
and female sexuality, relationship between gender, 
race and class. 

WGL/CLL 202 Women in Ancient Greece 

For description see Classics. 

WGL 221 Black Women in America 

Slavery, the work force, the family, education, 
politics, social psychology, and feminism. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the interdisci- 
plinary work of the major. Students work in 
collaborative research groups to read and critique 
each other's work and produce a presentation that 
reflects interdisciplinary views on a women/gender 
issue. Focus on methodologies of the various 
disciplines and on research methods. 

Descriptions of the following courses in the major 
are found in the disciplinary listings: 


AML 307 Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

(Directed Study available) 

AML 308 Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 
American Culture (Directed Study available) 


ANC 208 Human Sexuality 


CRA 384 Twentieth Century American 
Women in the Arts 


FDF 122 Analytical and Persuasive Writing: 
Writing and Gender 


WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: The 
Intimate Connection 


ECB 371 Economics of Labor Markets 


FRC 325G French Caribbean Literature and 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 


HIL 321 Women in Modem America: The 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

(Directed Study available) 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 


Writing Workshop 


HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 


IBC/MNB 275 The Sex-Role Revolution in 


LIA 242 Introduction to Native American 

LIA 380 Images of the Goddess 

LIL 205 Woman as Metaphor 

LIL 206 Men and Women in Literature 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary Theory 


WTN Feminist Science 

(offered during Winter Term) 


PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

PLL 241 Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

PLL 331/2 Philosophy of Gender 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodology: Feminist Theory 


POB 103G Introduction to International 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 

POB 316 Women and PoUtics Worldwide 


PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 


REL 206 Sisters of Eve: the Bible, Gender, 
and Sexual PoUtics 

REL 234 The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

REL 361 From Existentialism to 


SLB 326 The Family 

SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLB 405 Human Ecology 


SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 


See Creative Writing. 





Autumn term is a three-week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one 
academic project, plus orientation, testing, and 
registration. New students choose from among 
fifteen or more courses offered by the professors 
who thus become their Mentors (advisers) and 
their Western Heritage in a Global Context 
instructors for the Freshman year. Typical autumn 
term offerings in recent years have included 
Women and Fiction, Food in History, Geology of 
Beaches, The Computer: Slave or Master, Health 
Psychology, and The Sociology of Sex Roles. See 
the autumn term brochure available from Founda- 
tions or Admissions. 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for 
international students) 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, American 
literature, health care, legal matters, sports, 
working, education, religion, politics, improving 
language skills. Resource people, field trips. Daily 
journal, analytical papers, final project reflecting 
autumn term experiences. 


Winter term provides the opportunity for study 
concentrated on a single topic. Neither regular 
semester nor directed study courses are taken as 
winter term projects. Off-campus independent 
study projects may be taken only by students 
above Freshman standing for whom the 
off-campus location is essential to the nature of 
the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published 
in a separate brochure, available in the fall of each 
year. The winter term brochure contains complete 
information on registration and other procedures 
related to winter term. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in the 
Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the 
Year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: 

Now and the Future; The Economics of Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Expository 
Writing; The South in American History; The 
Art of Biography; The New Religions; Perspec- 
tives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; The 
Basics o{ Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Chemistry', The 
Environment and the Future. 

Off-Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A 
Cultural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: 
Geophysics of Volcanoes in Hawaii; International 
Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The 
Dry Tortugas Expedition on the Brig Unicorn; 
Mexico: Language and/or Culture; Shapes of the 
Land of Enchantment (New Mexico). 

In addition, there is a special winter term for 
Freshmen, the Freshman Bridge Program. For a 
description see page 7 of this catalog. 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed 
as restricted to the classroom. The college 
cherishes the freedom that students experience in 
the college community and in the choices they 
make concerning their own personal growth. At 
the same time, each student, as a member of a 
Christian community of learners, is expected to 
contribute to this community' and to accept and 
live by its values and standards: commitment to 
truth and excellence; devotion to knowledge and 
understanding; sensitivity' to the rights and needs 
of others; belief in the inherent worth of all 
human beings and respect for human differences; 
contempt for dishonesty, prejudice and destruc- 
tiveness. Just as Eckerd intends that its students 
shall be competent givers throughout their lives, 
it expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just as 
Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in the 
vitality and integrity' of the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards every student upon entering Eckerd 
College is expected to sign a promise to uphold 
the statement of Shared Commitment that guides 
student life on campus. For a full description of the 
Shared Commitment, see page 4- 


St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
form a metropolitan area of over one million 
people with all the services and cultural facilities 
of any area this size 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art museums, 
symphony orchestras, and professional theatre, in 
addition to road show engagements of Broadway 
plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, and other 
attractions for a full range of entertainment. 

The St. Louis Cardinals baseball team maintains 
headquarters in St. Petersburg for spring training, 
and there are major golf and tennis tournaments 
in the area. Professional football fans can follow 
the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and professional 
hockey fans, the Tampa Bay Lightning. A new 
major league baseball team, the Tampa Bay Devil 
Rays, began playing in Tropicana Field in 1998. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races 
are held every year, as well as many regattas for sail 
and power boats. Fine public beaches on the Gulf 
of Mexico are within bicycling distance of the 
Eckerd College campus, as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with a normal average temperature of 73.5 degrees 
F and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 



Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded — 267 
acres with over 1 1/4 miles of waterfront on Boca 
Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There are 
three small lakes on the campus, and the chapel is 
on an island in one of them. The 68 
air-conditioned buildings were planned to provide 
a comfortable environment for learning in the 
Florida climate. Professors and students frequently 
forsake their classrooms and gather outdoors in the 
sunshine or under a pine tree's shade. Outdoor 
activities are possible all year; cooler days during 
the winter are not usually severe. 

campus activities and those who cannot find 
something that suits their interests, are encour- 
aged to start new groups of their own. A student's 
free time in college can be as interesting and 
rewarding as a student wants to make it. 


The Fiough Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities 
include a convenience store, conversation 
lounges, several meeting rooms, multipurpose 
room and snack bar. The Hough Center provides 
the opportunity for students to interact with 
faculty and staff as well as peers. 


Eckerd College has nine residential complexes for 
student housing, consisting of seven complexes 
with four houses if 34-36 students, 16 eight person 
suites in Nu Dorm, and our newest complex 
Omega - 33 four and five person apartments with 
a living room and kitchen in each. Most of the 
student residences overlook the water. Each 
residence unit has a student Residential Advisor 
(R.A.) who is available for basic academic and 
personal counseling, and is generally responsible 
for the residence. A staff of five Complex 
Coordinators works with the Resident Advisors to 
provide additional support. Student residents are 
further supported by professional staff living on 


The Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS) is the college's student government 
association. It acts as a link between the student 
and the administration, with its officers sitting on 
several policy making committees, representing 
student views and issues. It also coordinates the 
budgeting of dozens of student organizations and 
activities, with funds accumulated from each 
student's activities fee. The membership of ECOS 
consists of all residential degree seeking students, 
full and part time. 


The College Program Series, jointly planned by 
students, faculty and administration, is designed to 
enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural life 
of the college community though bringing well- 
known scholars, artists and distinguished Ameri- 
cans to the campus each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, comedy nights and 
concerts featuring local and nationally known 
artists. The Office of Multicultural Affairs, along 
with the Afro-American Society, International 
Students Association and International Student 
Programs Office, sponsors an array of ethnic 
programs throughout the year. 

The music, art and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty' recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions 
by student and faculty artists, dance performances, 
and a series of play produced by the theatre 

The intramural and recreation program allows 
houses and individuals to compete in a variety of 
programs. The intramural sports include volley- 
ball, flag football, basketball and softball. The 
recreation program includes aerobics, martial arts 
and numerous club sports. 


Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both inside and outside of the 
classroom. The College provides a broad range of 


Publications are funded by student government 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. 
Student media include the Triton Tribune, the 
student newspaper; WECX, the campus radio 


station; EC-TV, the campus television station; 
The Eckerd Review, a literary magazine featuring 
artwork, prose and poetry- hy members of the 
entire campus community; The EC-Book, the 
student handbook, and The Hullabaloo, the 


If there is enough student interest to form a club, 
one may easily be chartered. Organizations which 
have been student-initiated include the Afro- 
American Society, Biology Club, Circle-K, 
International Students, the Triton Sailing and 
Boardsailing Teams, Athletic Boosters, Earth 
Society and Men's Volleyball. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, faculty 
and staff. The program provides religious activi- 
ties in a Christian context and assists individuals 
and groups of other religious persuasions to 
arrange their own activities. Worship services, 
special speakers and emphasis weeks, small group 
studies, ser\'ice projects and fellowship activities 
are provided through the program. The Chaplain 
serves as minister to students, faculty and staff, is 
available for counseling or consultation, and works 
closely with the Student Affairs staff to enhance 
the quality of campus life. 

Regardless of their backgrounds, students are 
encouraged to explore matters of faith and commit- 
ment as an integral part of the educational experi- 
ence. The college community believes that personal 
growth and community life are significantly strength- 
ened by encounter with the claims of the Christian 
faith and the values of the Judeo-Christian tradition. 


Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the southeastern 
U.S., is one of the most exciting recreational 
opportunities on the campus. The facilities, located 
on Frenchman's Creek, include the Wallace 
Boathouse with outdoor classrooms, picnic/seating 
area, a snack bar and Ship's Store, multiple docks, 
and a boat ramp. They also include an Activities 
Center with classrooms fully equipped for multi- 
media instruction, and restroom facilities with 
showers. Additional resources available are a fleet 

of sailboats, canoes, sea kayaks, sailboards and a ski 
boat for recreational water skiing. Students who 
own boats can arrange to store them on trailers or 
racks if space is available. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is the 
community member's ability to use the facilities 
without membership in a club or organization. 
There are, however, many clubs and teams spon- 
sored by the Waterfront for those interested. The 
Triton sailing team, a varsity team, sails in sloop and 
single-hand competitions as a member of SAISA 
(the South Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing 
Association) and the ICYRA (Intercollegiate Yacht 
Racing Association.) However, the Triton Sailing 
Association is a club which provides a recreational 
venue for sailors of all levels, from beginning to 
advanced, with activities such as daysailing trips, 
overnight cruises, and recreational regattas. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organiza- 
tions is Eckerd College Search and Rescue (EC- 
SAR) which is a highly trained group of students 
and alumni who provide maritime search and 
rescue services to the Tampa Bay boating commu- 
nity. Working closely with the U.S. Coast Guard 
and many local and state agencies, members give a 
high level of dedication, skill and commitment to 
public serv'ice and have received many national 
and local awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all levels 
on both small loops and larger sailboats. Normal 
class offerings include beginning, intermediate and 
advanced sailing and boardsailing. Informal 
dockside instruction is offered during the after- 
noons by Waterfront staff and volunteers. Other 
activities include powerboat trips in the local area, 
overnight camping trips on local islands, sailing 
trips and fishing trips. 

The Waterfront Program offers many unique and 
enjoyable opportunities to the Eckerd College 
community. Participants can just relax on the docks 
with a snack from the Ship's Galley Snack Bar, head 
out into the bay aboard a sailboat or sea kayak, or 
ride on a power boat to a remote island for the day. 
Experienced watersports enthusiasts can compete at 
a varsity level and beginners can take a sailing or 
windsurfing class. There is something for everyone! ! 


As a college student, you are likely to encounter 
many new and different experiences and face 
many difficult life decisions. There may be times 


when you'd like some help negotiating these new 
lite challenges, and that's why we're here. 

The Eckerd College Counseling Center offers an 
atmosphere where personal concerns of any kind 
can examined and discussed freely and confiden- 
tially. Such an atmosphere increases the chances 
that problems and conflicts will be resolved. 

Through the therapeutic process, you may come to 
see yourself and others in a different light, learn 
how to change self-defeating habits and attitudes, 
and be better able to make a positive contribution 
to your own life as well as to the lives of others. 

Counselors are interested in assisting students with 
their personal, intellectual, and psychological growth 
and development. The Counseling Center is staffed 
by two full-time and two part-time therapists, and all 
services are free and completely confidential. 

In addition to providing psychological counseling 
for students, the Counseling Center staff offers 
consultation services to faculty, staff, and students 
who need specialized programs or information 
regarding psychological issues such as conflict 
resolution, crisis intervention, or wellness-related 
issues. Topical presentations and workshops are 
available by request on a variety of topics. 


The Student Health Center, an active member of 
the American College Health Association, provides 
accessible, cost-effective, high quality primary care, 
preventative services and health education to the 
students of Eckerd College. College health services 
are essential in an educational community arid 
integrate the universal concepts of health promo- 
tion, health protection, disease prevention and 
clinical care in order to optimize the student's 
ability' to learn. These services focus on measures 
that enhance self-esteem and wellness development 
of mind, body and spirit, and not solely on problems 
or illness. All services that are provided are 
completely confidential. 

The Health Center is open 7 days per week during 
regular semesters. Registered Nurses experienced 
in College Health are present during open hours. 
Physicians are available at the Health Center 
Monday-Friday during regular semester hours by 
appointment. If necessary, Bayfront Medical 
Center, a regional trauma center, is located 
approximately 5 minutes from the Eckerd campus. 

There is no fee for routine office visits. Diagnostic 
tests, allergy injections, immunizations, medications. 

supplies, minor procedures and physical exams are 
discounted. No student will be refused care because 
of inability to pay at the time of service. 


As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd supports 
a number of programs in this field. Visits to the 
campus give American students of color who are 
considering Eckerd College a chance to view the 
college, visit the faculty, live in the residence halls, 
and talk with other students. 

The Office of Multicultural Affairs and the Afro- 
American Society, a student organization, helps 
plan a full range of programs that celebrate 
diversity. The Office of Multicultural Affairs is 
available to provide assistance for any special 
needs of American students of color. 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, or 
who live with their family are provided with campus 
post office boxes to receive communications. 
Opportunities for participation in campus sports, 
activities, cultural events, and student government 
(ECOS), are available to day students and are 
coordinated and communicated by the Day Student 
Program. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Office of Campus Safety. 


Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, golf, 
soccer and tennis. Women's intercollegiate sports 
include basketball, cross country, soccer, softball, 
tennis and volleyball. The college is a member of 
the Sunshine State Conference, and both men and 
women play NCAA Division 11 competition. 

The McArthur Physical Education Center houses 
locker rooms, physical education faculty offices, 
two basketball courts, a weight room, four 
badminton courts and three volleyball courts, a 
swimming pool, and areas of open space. The 
Turley Athletic Complex includes lighted baseball 
and Softball fields, a practice infield, a soccer field, 
grandstands and a building which consists of a 
locker room facility and a snack bar. 



Eckerd College seeks to admit students of various 
backgrounds, ethnic and national origins who are 
best prepared to gain from the educational 
challenge they will encounter at the College while 
also contributing to the overall quality of campus 
life. Admissions decisions are made after a careful 
review of each applicant's aptitudes and achieve- 
ments. Available information about the 
applicant's character will also be considered in the 
decision. When you apply, we will look at your 
academic performance in college preparatory 
courses (mathematics, science, social studies, 
English, foreign languages, creative arts). We will 
also consider your performance on the college 
entrance examinations (ACT or SAT I). Students 
whose native language is not English can choose 
to replace the ACT or SAT I with the TOEFL 
examination. SAT 11 tests are not required but are 
highly recommended. Your potential for personal 
and academic development and positive contribu- 
tion to the campus community is important and in 
this respect we will look closely at your personal 
essay, record of activities and recommendations 
from your counselors or teachers. Admissions 
decisions are made on a rolling basis beginning in 
October and continuing through the academic 
year for the following fall. Students considering 
mid-year admission for either winter term 
(January) or spring semester (February) are advised 
to complete application procedures by December 
1. Applicants for fall entry should complete 
procedures by April 1 . 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum. Our preference is for 
students who have taken four units of English, 
three or more units each of mathematics, sciences 
and social studies, and at least two units of a 
foreign language. Although no single criterion is 
used as a determinant for acceptance and we have 
no automatic "cutoff' points, the great majority of 
students who gain admission to Eckerd College 
have a high school average of B or better in their 
college preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 25 percent of college-bound students taking 
the ACT or SAT I. 


1 . Request application forms in Junior year or 
early in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date. Students 
who are financially unable to pay the $25 
application fee will have the fee waived upon 
request. Eckerd College accepts the Common 
Application in lieu of its own form and gives 
equal consideration to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript and 
personal recommendation to: Dean of 
Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test 
1, offered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board or the ACT Test Battery, offered 
by the American College Testing Program. 
Take your test in spring of Junior year or early 
fall of Senior year. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
standing at the institution last attended and 
eligible to return to that institution. 


1 . Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissions with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date (see 
calendar for various entry points). 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from each college or university you 
have attended. 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT 1 or ACT). This may be waived upon 


request for students who have completed at 
least one year of full-time college study. 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from one 
of your college professors. 

5 . If you have been out of high school tor less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 


After you have been accepted for admission, your 
transcript will he forwarded to the college 
Registrar and to the discipline coordinator oi your 
intended major for credit evaluation. 

With regard to the transfer of credits from other 
regionally accredited institutions, it is the policy of 
Eckerd College to: 

1 . Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with 
a cumulative grade point average of at least 
2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appropriate 
courses in which grades of C or higher were 
earned. Transfer credits will be awarded for 
courses with comparable titles, descriptions, 
and contents to Eckerd College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit since the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must he completed at Eckerd. 

4. Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd 
College will have cumulative grade point 
averages of at least 2.0 in courses accepted 
from other institutions toward an Eckerd 
College degree. This policy statement covers 
practices in both the residential college and 
the Program for Experienced Learners. 

5. Applicants who have earned credits more 
than five years ago, or whose earlier academic 
records are unavailable or unusual are 
requested to direct special inquiry to the 
Admissions office. 


All students who have been accepted for admis- 
sion should return a Reservation Form within 30 
days of receipt of the letter of acceptance. As soon 

as a student has decided to matriculate at Eckerd 
College for the Autumn Term or Fall Semester, a 
$100 commitment deposit may be sent to the 
Admissions Office. This deposit should be sent by 
and is not refundable after May 1. Students 
accepted to matriculate for the Winter Term or 
Spring Semester should send a $100 commitment 
deposit with the Reservation Form within 30 days 
of receipt of the acceptance letter. Students who 
are accepted after November 15 for mid-year 
entry or after April 15 tor tall entry will he 
expected to reply within fifteen days of acceptance 
with a $100 non-refundable deposit. The accep- 
tance deposit is applied toward tuition costs and 
credited to the student's account. 

A Student Infonnation Form, a Housing Form, and 
a Health Form are sent to all accepted students. 
The Student Information Form and Housing Form 
should be returned by May 1. These forms enable 
us to begin planning for needs of the entering class 
of residential and commuting students. 

The Health Fonxi should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admis- 
sions office prior to the enrollment date. 


Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may he 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT I test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview 
with an admissions counselor. We also encourage 
you to visit a class and meet students and faculty 
members. An interview is not a required proce- 
dure for admission but is always a most beneficial 
step for you the student, as well as for those of us 
who evaluate your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits a few outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their 
Junior year in high school. In addition to regular 
application procedures outlined above, early 
admission candidates must submit a personal letter 
explaining reasons for early admission; request two 


letters of recommendation from an English and a 
mathematics teacher; and come to campus for an 
interview with an admissions counselor. 


A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed to 
the Dean of Admissions. 


Eckerd College will confer Sophomore standing to 
students who have completed the full International 
Baccalaureate and who have earned grades of 5 or 
better in their three Higher Level subjects. IB 
students who do not earn the full Diploma may 
receive credit tor Higher Level subjects in which 
grades of 5 or better were earned in the examinations. 


Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis of 
scores on the Advanced Placement examinations 
administered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board. Students who have obtained scores of 
four or five will automatically be awarded credit. 
Applicants who seek advanced placement should 
have examination results sent to the Dean of 


Eckerd College enrolls students from more than fifty 
countries. Some are native speakers of English; many 
are not. In all cases, the Admissions and Scholarship 
Committee gives special attention to the evaluation 
of students who have completed their secondary 
education abroad. Candidates whose native language 
is not English should submit rhe TOEFL scores in 
lieu of SAT or ACT scores. Ordinarily, international 
students whose native language is not English will 
not be admitted unless they score a minimum of 550 


Course credit will also be awarded on the basis of scores received on the College Level Examination Program 
(CLEP). Credit is awarded only for the following: 







Composition and Literature 

American Government 50 

Analysis and Interpretation of Literature 55 

College Qimposition 53 

English Literature 50 

Freshman English 5 1 

Foreign Languages 

College French (Levels 1 and 2) 43-50 

College Gemian (Levels 1 and 2) 44-54 

College Spanish (Levels 1 and 2) 45-54 

Social Sciences and History 

American Government 55 
American History I: Early Colonizations to 1877 52 

American History II: 1865 to Present 53 

Human Growth and Development 52 

Introduction to Educational Psychology 52 

Introductory Macroeconomics 55 

Introductory Microeconomics 54 



Social Sciences and History continued 

Introductory Psychology 

Introductory Sociology 

Western Civilization I: Ancient Near East to 1648 

Western Ci\-ili:ation 11: 1648 to rht Present 
Science and Mathematics 

Calculus and Elementary- Functions 

College Algebra 

College Algebra-Trigonometry 

General Biology 

General Chemistry 


Information Systems and Computer Applications 

Introduction to Management 

Introduction to Accounting 

Introductory Business Law 

Principles of Marketing 
















International students may not use CLEP to receive college credit for elementary- or intermediate foreign language in dieir native tongue. 
CLEP results should he sent to the Dean of Admissions. 


on the written TOEFL exam, 213 on the computer 
TOEFL exam, and/or pass level 109 instmction in 
the ELS Language Center. International students 
whose native language is English should take the 
SAT I exam. Requests for waiver of this requirement 
may be made to the Dean of Admissions. 


1 . Complete and return the application form 
with an application tee of $25 (non- 
refundable) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
(and official university records if applying as a 
transfer student) be sent to us. If official 
records are not in English, we should receive a 
certified translation in English. 

3. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native speakers 
of English should be submitted. Others are 
urged to take SAT I or ACT. 

4- Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate funds 
are available to cover educational costs. 


The following international diplomas are accepted for 
consideration of admission with advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students with successful 
scores in "A" level examinations may be consid- 
ered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore. 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students office. It will not be necessary' 
for you to go through admission procedures again. 
However, if you have been enrolled at another 
college or university you will need to submit a 
transcript of courses taken there. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who will 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair 
of the Academic Review Committee before 
authorizing readmission. 


All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent 
residents are eligible to receive aid if they demon- 
strate financial need. For institutional awards 
priority' is given on the basis of grades, test scores, 
recommendations, and special talents. Most 
students receive an "aid package" consisting of 
scholarship, grant, loan, and campus employment. 
In many cases, the financial aid package offered to 
a student may reduce out-of-pocket tuition 
payment to less than would be paid at a state 
college or university. Eckerd College makes every 
effort to help a student develop financial plans 
that will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance are made 
upon admission to the college as well as the 
receipt of the necessary financial aid credentials 
which can be accomplished by filing the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid. No supple- 
mental form is required. 

Transfer students who are entering Eckerd the 
winter term or the spring semester must submit a 
Financial Aid Transcript from each prior school 
regardless of whether aid was received. The forms 
may be obtained from the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office and must be returned before 
an award may be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 12 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the submis- 
sion o{ the Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid by answering the State questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid administered 
by Eckerd College are controlled by governmental 
agencies external to the college. Examples of 
programs of this type are Federal Pell Grants, 
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assistance 
Grants (FSAG), Florida Resident Access Grant, 
Florida Bright Futures Scholarships, Federal 
Stafford Loans , Federal Perkins Loans, and the 
Federal Work Study Program. To receive a current 
pamphlet concerning these programs, write or 
contact the Office oi Financial Aid, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33711. 


To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed in 
this catalog or any need-based assistance from the 
college or federal and state governments, it is 
necessary that you submit the Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, without a supplemental 
fomi. These forms are available in the guidance 
department of the school you are currently 
attending. It is important to mail the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid by March 1, 
and to list the code for Eckerd College, 001487 
on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. 


When you apply to Eckerd College tor readmission 
after a period of time away from the college, you 
should contact the Financial Aid office to deter- 
mine your eligibility for all financial aid programs. 

If you previously received financial assistance at 
Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial aid 
prior to readmission, you will need to complete 
the following steps: 

1 . Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from the 
Financial Aid office of each college you have 
attended since leaving Eckerd College. 

2. Ensure that your obligations for Federal Stafford 
Loan or Federal Perkins Loan payments are 
being met. If you leave Eckerd College for one 
semester, your six month grace period will likely 
expire. Thereafter, you will have loan payments 
due which must be paid before receiving 
assistance again on readmission. 

3 . If you enroll at least half time and have prior 
outstanding Federal Stafford, Perkins, SLS, 
PLUS or Consolidation loans, you may be 
eligible for deferment (postponement) of 

4. Obtain deferment form(s) from your lender(s) 
to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd College. 
The Registrar will verify your enrollment 
status to your lender(s). Deferment forms may 
be requested and submitted at least annually. 

5. All prior debts to Eckerd College must be 
satisfied before any financial aid assistance 
may be released. Contact Student Accounts 
to clear all prior obligations. 

6. Contact the Dean of Students to apply for 


Students receiving financial assistance must 
maintain satisfactory academic progress to 
continue receiving aid. 

Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 

The Academic Review Committee will assess your 
progress each semester as follows: 

1. Probation: 

a. 2 or 3 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 2 to 5 courses. 

c. 1 to 3 more D than B or better grades. 

2. Subject to Dismissal: 

a. 4 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 6 courses. 

c. 4 or more D than B or better grades. 

d. Completion of no courses in an academic 

3. Dismissal: 

a. 5 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 7 courses. 

c. 5 or more D than B or better grades. 

d. Completion of no courses in an 
academic year. 

You may be reinstated as follows: 

1. Removal of Probation: Complete 4 courses 
in one semester with C or better grades and 
the overall number of B or better grades at 
least equals the number of D grades. 

2. Reinstatement after Dismissal: Write to the 
Dean of Students who must obtain approval 
from the Dean of Faculty (Chairman of the 
Academic Review Committee) before 
readmission is authorized. 

3. If you are placed on probation by the Aca- 
demic Review Committee, you will also be 
placed automatically on financial aid 
probation. You may receive financial assis- 
tance during your probationary period. If you 
are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, your financial assistance must 

The grade of I (Incomplete) will not be assessed by 
the Academic Review Committee. However, if 
the work for the course is not completed by the 


deadline, normally thirty days into the next 
regular semester, and the Incomplete grade 
automatically becomes an F, that F grade will be 
assessed by the Academic Rex'iew Committee. 
The grade of W (voluntaty withdrawal) is assessed 
by the Academic Review Committee, as noted 

A course repetition will be treated as any other 
course. A grade of F earned for a prior course will 
not be removed from the transcript. 

Additional information concerning the school's 
grading system and academic policies can be found 
in various sections of the Eckerd College catalog. 
Also, please note that certain financial aid 
programs require special academic achievements 
tor renewal as follows: 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Church and Campus Scholarship 

Eckerd College Grant 

Faculty' Tuition Remission 

Ministerial Courtesy 

Special Talent 

Eckerd named Scholarships 

3.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Eckerd College Honors 
National Merit Special Honors 
Presidential Scholarship 
Selby Scholarship 



Florida Programs 

Florida Academic Scholars Award: 

3.0 Cum. GPA and 12 contact hours during 

the academic year in which the award is 


Florida Merit Auard: 

2.75 Cum. GPA and 12 contact hours during 

the academic year. 

Florida Gold Seal Auard: 

2.75 Cum. GPA and 12 contact hours during 

the academic year. 

Florida Work Experience Program: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and appropriate course 

completion each semester worked. 

Florida Stiidem Assistance Gram: 
2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 semester contact hours 
during the academic year; up to 9 semesters 
within a period of not more than 6 consecu- 
tive years. 

f. Florida Residem Access Gram: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours com- 
pleted during the academic year; up to 9 

g. Fhiida Chappie James Scholarship: 

2.5 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours during 
the academic year; for the freshman and 
sophomore years only. 

3. Federal Programs 

If you receive federal Title IV aid assistance you 
must receive your baccalaureate degree within 150 
percent of your program length. Therefore, you 
will have up to a maximum of 54 attempted 
courses to complete your baccalaureate degree 
regardless of whether you received this aid during 
all or part of your enrollment. Whether you 
register full time, three-quarter time, or half-time, 
you must complete your degree within a maximum 
of 54 attempted courses. Federal assistance may 
not be awarded beyond the 54 attempted courses. 

Also, if you receive federal Title IV assistance 
initially or for renewal, you must progress at yearly 
increments toward your degree goal. By the end of 
each academic year, you must complete two thirds 
of the courses (rounded up) that you attempted for 
that academic year. For example, if you enroll in 9 
courses during the year (four courses each long 
semester and a winter term), you must complete 6 
of those courses. 

In counting the total number of courses completed 
during the year, you may count summer courses 
completed at Eckerd during the prior summer 
terms, but may not count the courses taken during 
the current summer term(s). 

The grades of F, W, I, IP, and NR will not count as 
completed courses. Also, non-credit remedial 
courses will not count. Course repetitions will 
count as completed courses. 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of 
courses at the end of the academic year, you will 
be placed on probation for the following academic 
year. You may receive federal Title IV assistance 
during the year of probation. 

If you earn the appropriate number of courses the 
following academic year, you will ha\'e your probation- 
ary status removed. While on probationary- status, you 
are encouraged to use the counseling services pro\'ided 
by Student Affairs, request assistance from your 
Mentor, and seek tutoring opportunities. 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of 
courses during your probationaty' year, you will lose 


all federal financial aid. You may return to Eckerd 
College (without receiving federal Title IV 
assistance) and complete two-thirds of the 
attempted courses that semester to have your 
Federal financial aid re-instated thereafter. If you 
do not return for a period of two years, you will be 
eligible to return in good standing with Title IV 
eligibility, if you meet all other requirements. 

The transfer student will have the same schedule 
for the maximum degree time-frame and yearly 
incremental progression as noted above. At the 
end of each academic year, the cumulative courses 
attempted for the transfer student will be re- 
viewed, and will consist of the transfer courses 
accepted at Eckerd and the attempted courses 
taken at Eckerd. 

If you wish to enroll in additional courses to 
enhance your career goal, or if you are dismissed 
and readmitted, a reasonable extension of courses 
will be considered through the appeal process. 

In addition, to be eligible for any federal Title IV 
aid after your second academic year, you must 
have a cumulative GPA at the end of the second 
and third academic years at Eckerd College that is 
consistent with requirements for graduation. 

Federal Title IV aid includes: 

(a) Federal Pell Grant 

(b) Federal Perkins Loan 

(c) Federal Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant 

(d) Federal Work Study Program 

(e) Federal Stafford Loan 

(f) Federal PLUS Loan 

You may appeal the probationary status of your 
federal financial aid or loss of federal aid for failure 
to meet the incremental progression of course 
completion or failure to graduate within 54 
attempted courses by presenting an appeal to the 
Financial Aid Office. The appeal should be 
specific and should identify any extenuating 
circumstances, i.e. injury, illness, death of a family 
member, etc. The appeal will be reviewed by the 
Financial Aid office. 

in the Residential Program may not be used in the 
Program for Experienced Learners. 

Eckerd College offers a wide variety of merit 
scholarships to students in the residential program. 
Students are encouraged to apply for several 
different awards. However, if a student were to 
qualify for more than one scholarship, s/he would 
be awarded the ONE with the largest monetary 
value. Several Eckerd College scholarships cannot 
be stacked on top of each other. 


Beginning with the Fall semester 1996, all full- 
time new students entering Eckerd College as 
Florida Residents (eligible for the Florida Resi- 
dence Access Grant) will be guaranteed $5,000 
Frank Byars Scholarships. If the entering student 
should win any other Eckerd scholarship valued at 
$5,000 or more, the Frank Byars Scholarship will 
be replaced by the Eckerd College scholarship of 
equal or higher value. The effect of this program 
is to insure that all new students entering Eckerd 
College as Florida residents will be guaranteed a 
minimum scholarship of $5,000. This scholarship 
minimum is renewable for a total of four years if 
the student maintains a 2.0 GPA. This scholar- 
ship program is for the residential program only, 
and may not be used in the Program for Experi- 
enced Learners. 


The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize 
outstanding applicants for admission (Freshmen 
and transfers). Scholarship finalists will be 
selected from among all applicants for admission 
without regard to financial need. A student 
receiving an Honors Scholarship may receive up 
to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renewable if 
the student maintains a 3.0 grade point average. 
No separate application is required; however, for 
priority consideration students should apply for 
admission no later than March 1. 


When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, it set PEL tuition rates 
considerably lower than those for the Residential 
Program. Given this tuition discount, Eckerd 
College scholarships that are available for students 


The Presidential Scholarships are a recognition of 
outstanding merit without regard to financial 
need. Each year twenty-five Freshmen are selected 
to receive scholarships ranging from $6,000 % 
$8,000 per year. The scholarships are renewable 


for a total of four years if the student maintains a 
3.0 grade point average. Selection criteria for this 
award include academic achievement, creative 
talent and character. Application deadline is 
February 15. A separate application is required 
and is available on request. 


The Special Honors Scholarship Program provides 
fifteen full tuition awards to entering Freshmen 
who are finalists and semifinalists in the National 
Merit, National Achievement, and National 
Hispanic Scholarship Programs. The value of this 
award is in excess of $17,500 per year, and in 
excess of $70,000 for four years if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. A student 
designated a semifinalist in one of these programs 
should make application for admission to Eckerd 
College no later than February 15. 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. All 
students accepted for admission are eligible to 
compete for these scholarships. Awards will be 
made on the basis of outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1 . Achievement in math, science, English, social 
studies, behavioral sciences, foreign languages or 
any specific area of academic pursuit. 

2. Special talent in the creative arts, music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international education, 
including participation in APS, YFU, or Rotary 
student exchange programs. 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service in student, 
community or church organizations. 

5. Special talent in men's or women's athletic 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renewable 
for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average following formal recommendation by 
those qualified to evaluate the appropriate special 
talent. No separate application is required but for 
priority consideration students should apply for 
admission prior to March 1 and submit the 

1 . Free Application for Federal Student Aid 

2. Letter ot recommendation from teacher, adviser 
or coach directly involved in student's achieve- 
ment area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes to 
submit in support of his or her credentials. 


These scholarships are awarded through the 
regular scholarship and financial aid procedures at 
the college and do not require separate applica- 

As the tuition charges for the Program for 
Experienced Learners are considerable lower than 
those for the Residential Program, the scholarships 
supported by annual gifts and grants are awarded 
only to students in the Residential Program except 
as otherwise noted. 


Endowed scholarship funds have been established 
by the gifts of those listed below or by the gifts of 
others in their honor. These scholarships are 
awarded through the regular scholarship and 
financial aid procedures of the college and do not 
require separate applications. As the tuition 
charges for the Program for Experienced Learners 
are considerably lower than those for the Residen- 
tial Program, the endowed scholarship funds are 
awarded only to students in the Residential 
Program except as otherwise noted. 


The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for new Presbyterian students 
each year who have been recommended by their 
pastor and possess traits of character, leadership 
and academic ability which in the pastor's opinion 
demonstrate the promise to become outstanding 
Christian citizens, either as a lay person or a 
minister. Students recommended by their pastor 
who become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will recei\'e a grant up to $7,500 to be 
used during the Freshman year and is renewable 
annually on the basis of demonstrated academic, 
leadership and servace achievement, and a 
cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0. 



Frank B. Buck, established in 1981 hy his wife. 
To be awarded annually to a student of strong 
academic ability, financial need and demonstrated 
traits of a competent giver. 

Paul and Jane Edris, established in 1985 by the 
First Presbyterian Church of Daytona Beach, 
Florida, on the retirement of their pastor and his 
wife. Awarded to students of academic distinction. 

Robert E. and Arlene G. Hewes, established in 
1998 by their long-time friend, Jane Brittain. 

Oscar Kreutz, established in 1984, awarded to 
Presbyterian students who are Pinellas County 
residents, with first preference given to members of 
the First Presbyterian Church, St. Petersburg, Florida. 

E. Colin Lindsey, established in 1977 to provide 
financial assistance to smdents with demonstrated need. 

Fred L. and Margaret C. May, originally estab- 
lished in 1964 by Mr. May in memory of his wife 
Margaret, with a substantial additional gift 
received in 1998. Awarded to students with 
financial need, with first preference given to 
Presbyterian students. 

George F. and Asha W. McMillan, established in 
1959, awarded annually to a preministerial 

Mary Dillard Nettles, established in 1991, 
awarded to Presbyterian students on the basis of 
need and merit, with preference given to students 
majoring in music or art. 

The Walter S. and Janet S. Pharr, established in 
1991, awarded to students with outstanding 
academic ability, whose traits of character, 
leadership, and service give promise of outstanding 
contributions to society, the church, and the 
religious and social life of the college. 

Bruce L. Robertson, established in 1999 by 
Presbyterian friends and colleagues. Awarded 
annually to provide financial aid to outstanding 
students with demonstrated need, and leadership 
and sen'ice qualities. 

Samuel E. and Mary W. Thatcher, established in 
1993 by their son, John W. Thatcher of Miami. 
Awarded annually with preference given to 
Presbyterian students with financial need. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by Mr. and 
Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support candidates for the 
Presbyterian ministry. 

Keil and Mary Williams, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to an active and committed 
Christian student, with preference given to 
students preparing for full-time Christian service. 


Central Florida Presbytery, awarded to a church 
and campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and living within 
the bounds of the presbytery. 

Dana Beck Fancher, made possible by a bequest 
to the First Presbyterian Church of Dunedin, 
Florida. Scholarships are awarded on the basis of 
financial need to students from the United States 
who are not from the Tampa Bay area. 

Church of the Palms, established in 2000 by 
Church of the Palms, Sarasota, FL, to assist 
students who have demonstrated financial need. 

Eckerd College, awarded to church and campus 
scholars who have been nominated by a pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), and possess 
traits of character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian citizens, 
either as a lay person or a minister. 

Florida Presbytery, awarded to a church and 
campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and living within 
the bounds of the presbytery. 

Hoemer Family, awarded annually to church and 
campus scholars with first preference given to 
students from First Presbyterian Church, St. 
Petersburg, Florida. 

Clyde L. and Frances H. Irwin, established in 
1999 to provide financial assistance to students 
based on need and merit. 

MacLeod Foundation Stewardship, established in 
2000, awarded to students with outstanding 
academic ability whose traits of character, 
leadership, and service, give promise of outstand- 
ing contributions to society and the church. 

Palma Ceia, established in 2000 by Palma Ceia 
Church, Tampa, FL, to provide financial assistance 
to students based on need and merit. 


Peace Memorial, established in 2000 by Peace 
Memorial Church, Clearwater, PL, awarded to 
Presbyterian students who are residents of Pinellas 
County', Florida. 

Peace River Presbytery, awarded to a church and 
campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and li\'ing within 
the bounds of the presbyter^'. 

St. Andrew, established in 2000 by St. Andrew 
Church, Sun Cit^', PL, to provide support for 
church and campus scholars. 

St. Augustine Presbytery, awarded to a church 
and campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and living within 
the bounds of the presbyter^?. 

Simmons Family, established in 1993 by G. 
Ballard and Deedie Simmons, a trustee of Eckerd 
College, to provide church and campus scholar- 
ships with first preference to students from 
Arlington Presbyterian Church, Jacksonville, 

Tampa Bay Presbytery, awarded to a church and 
campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and living withm 
the bounds of the presbytery. 

Tropical Rorida Presbytery, awarded to a church 
and campus scholar nominated by a pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and living within 
the bounds of the presbyter^?. 


Suzanne Armacost Memorial, established in 1991 
by the family and friends of Suzanne Armacost and 
through a bequest from her friend and neighbor, 
Mar>' Murdock. It is awarded annually on the basis 
of merit to outstanding students who have demon- 
strated traits of character and leadership. 

Emily Atkins, established in 1998 to benefit 
women interested in pursuing higher education. 

Margaret S. and Walter D. Bach Memorial, 

established in 1984, awarded annually to outstand- 
ing Florida students from Escambia, Okaloosa, 
Santa Rosa or Walton Counties. 

Bank of America, originally established in 1983 
by Home Federal, this scholarship has remained 
consistent though several bank mergers (Bamett 
and NationsBank). It is awarded annually to 
outstanding Juniors and Seniors on the basis of 
need and merit, with preference given to students 

majoring in business or a management related 
program with an interest in banking. 

William B. Blackburn Honor, established in 
1989, awarded annually to Freshmen women of 
academic distinction who plan to major in 
business. Recipients must rank in top 10% of their 
high school graduation class with a GPA of at 
least a 3.5. Scholarships are renewable if the 
recipient has maintained a 3.0 GPA and demon- 
strated leadership and character. 

Charles Bradshaw, established in 1982. 

Buford Scholarship, established in 1982. 

Sherry Jo Byars, established in 1983 by W. Frank 
and Jo Byars in memory of their daughter, to be 
awarded annually to outstanding students on the 
basis of academic ability, leadership, and service. 

Alvah H. and Wyline P. Chapman Foundation, 

established in 1993, to be awarded annually based 
on need and merit. 

Howard M. and Ruth A. Davis, established in 
1984 for scholars who show strong leadership 
potential and the desire to be of ser\'ice to others. 

Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established in 
1983 by her family, to be awarded annually to 
Juniors and Seniors majoring in the fine arts. 

Eckerd Associates, established in 1995 by the 
Eckerd Corporation, to reward eligible employees 
and members of their families who have achieved 
scholastic excellence and who have a history of 
serx'ice to their schools, churches, and communities. 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 

Fine Arts, established in 1985 by an anonymous 
friend of the college, to assist students majoring in 
the visual arts. 

Charles A. Frueauff Foundation, established in 
1999 to provide financial assistance to students 
with demonstrated need. 

Thomas and Hilda Girolamo, established in 1988 
by Hilda Girolamo in memor^' of her husband, 
who was a member of the Eckerd College stafr. 
Awarded on the basis of need to a Florida high 
school graduate and continuing Florida resident. 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982 by Mr. 
Griffin who was a founding trustee of the college. 
Awarded annually to students wirh financial need, 
academic ability- and leadership qualities. 

Harley/Sitton, established in 1996 by Eugene and 
Donna Sitton in honor ot Coach Jim Harley, to 
provide special talent scholarships in basketball. 


Chauncey M. and Jewel Heam International 
Study Fund, established for the purpose of 
enabling students to participate in overseas 
academic programs in Asia. 

William Randolph Hearst Endowed Scholarship 
for African American Students, established in 
1997 to provide support to African American 
students with demonstrated financial need. 

Alfred and Winifred Hodgson, established in 1986, 
awarded annually to students with financial need, 
who have demonstrated to be responsible givers. 

Robert A. James Memorial, established in 1983 
by his family, to be awarded annually to students 
with outstanding academic ability, leadership 
skills, and exceptional performance in either 
tennis, golf, or cross-country. 

Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding students based 
on need. 

Kennedy M. Eckerd Athletic, established in 
1973, awarded annually to selected scholar 

Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 1987, 
awarded to students with financial need majoring 
in management or business. 

Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to a student majoring in fine arts. 

Philip J. Lee, established in 1989, in honor of the 
college's first chairman of the board of trustees. 

Colin Lindsey, established in 1977. 

Margaret Fahl Lofstrand Memorial, established 
in 1976 by her family to honor Margaret, who was 
a member of the founding class. Awarded annually 
to outstanding female students. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 1984 by 
her husband. Annual award to student designated 
by Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fraternity, 
for overseas study in Germany. 

Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, established in 
1960, awarded on the basis of academic achieve- 
ment, character, and financial need. 

Alfred A. McKethan, established in 1985, to 
provide ten annual scholarships to outstanding 
students, no more than three of whom are in the 
same academic class. Awards are determined by 
academic performance, Christian character, and 
evidence of leadership. 

William McLaughlin Memorial, established in 
1984 by Nash Stublen. Awarded annually to 

students with financial need to support their 
participation in international education or other 
off-campus programs. 

Meinke/Mentor Scholarship Fund, established in 
1993 by L. Howard and Rebecca Moss to honor 
Professor Peter Meinke who was the faculty 
Mentor to their daughter, Susan Moss '92. 
Awarded annually to students majoring in the 
humanities on the basis of merit. 

James A. Michener Creative Writing, established 
in 1992, awarded to a Junior or Senior year student 
who shows unusual promise in creative writing. 

Mari Sabusawa Michener, established in 1993, 
awarded on the basis of need to African Ameri- 
can, Asian American, Hispanic American, or 
Native American students who are U.S. citizens. 

Jeff and Tracy Moon, established in 1995 by 
Eileen Moon '65 in honor of her children to help 
students and encourage other alumni who 
received scholarships to support the college. 
Awards are based solely on financial need. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established in 
1969, awarded annually to a music student 
selected by the music faculty. 

Mary Murdock International, established in 1997 
to assist international students who would 
otherwise be financially unable to attend Eckerd 

Cade Nabers Memorial, established in 1989 by 
Mr. and Mrs. John Nabers in memory of their son 
who was a member of the Class of 1990, awarded 
annually to a Junior majoring in Literature. 

Azalia P. Oberg, established in 1976. 

Anne and James D. O'Donnell, established in 1999, 
awarded annually to single mothers who attain 
Junior or Senior status in the PEL program. Recipi- 
ents shall show evidence of academic stability, with 
traits of character, leadership and service that give 
promise of outstanding contribution to society. 

John O'Haherty ASPEC Memorial, established in 
1989 by Mrs. O'Haherty, awarded annually to an 
outstanding Junior or Senior majoring in economics. 

Karim Said Petrou Memorial, established in 1989 
by his family, awarded annually on the basis of 
financial need. 

Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, established in 
1978, awarded annually to outstanding students 
with demonstrated financial need from high 
schools in St. Petersburg, Florida. 


George A. Raftelis, established in 1997 by Mr. 
Raftelis, a 1969 alumnus and tmstee of Eckerd 
College, is to be awarded annually to students who 
intend to major in business or environmental 
studies, with demonstrated financial need. 

Philip Reid Memorial, established in 1996 by 
Professor Emeritus George K. Reid in memor\' of 
his son. Awarded to outstanding students with 
demonstrated financial need. 

William and Sandra Ripberger, established in 
1993 by William '65 and Sandy '68 Ripberger, 
awarded annually based on financial need. 

R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded 
annually with preference given to a son or 
daughter of an employee of the Ritter Finance 
Company of W^Ticote, Pennsylvania; or to a 
student from Pennsylvania. 

Kathleen Anne Rome Memorial, established rn 
1971, in memory of Kathleen Rome, who was a 
member of the class of 1971, is awarded annually to 
science smdents on the basis of scholastic aptitude, 
financial need, and compassion for humanity. 

Thelma and Maurice Rothman, established in 1988, 
provides financial assistance to Jewish smdents with 
awards made on the basis of need and academic merit. 

Frank A. Saltsman, established in 1983. 

Robert T. and Fran V.R. Sheen, established in 
1989, provides financial assistance to students 
majoring in business or management. 

Eugene and Donna Sitton, established in 1985 by 
the Sittons to provide special talent scholarships 
in basketball. 

Joseph Sparling Memorial, established in 1976 by 
Mrs. Edna W. Sparling in memory of Joseph 
Sparling, to provide awards to worthy students 
with demonstrated need. 

Frances Shaw Stavros, established 1987, awarded 
annually on a competitive basis to outstanding 
students who are Florida residents with preference 
to children of employees who have had at least 
five years continuous employment with Better 
Business Forms, Better Business Systems, Inc., or 
North Carolina Power and Light (formerly Florida 
Progress Corporation). 

Robert and Ruth Stevenson, established in 1967 
to provide financial assistance to students with 
demonstrated need. 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 by Mrs. 
Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a competitive 
basis to the 20 most outstanding Freshmen. 

William W. Upham, established in 1985 by Mr. 
Upham, a founding trustee of Eckerd College. 

Voell Family, established in 1993, awarded 
annually based on demonstrated financial need. 

Ray and Sylvia Weyl, established in 1994, to 
assist minority' and disadvantaged students from 
Pinellas County, Florida, with special consider- 
ation given to African American students. 

Maurice J. Williams, established in 1999 to 
provide scholarships to students based on need 
and merit. Recipients must maintain a minimum 
3.0 GPA and major in international relations and 
global affairs. 

Wittner, established in 1995 by Jean Giles 
Wittner, a trustee of Eckerd College, to provide 
need based scholarships to women who are 
majoring in business or intend to pursue business 

John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 
1967, awarded annually with preference given to 
students from Gadsden County', Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, established in 
1983 by William and Noma Zemp in memory of 
their son. Awarded annually to an outstanding 
Junior or Senior with financial need and an 
interest in business or communications. 

Eckerd College Memorial, established to 
perpetuate the memory of alumni and friends who 
believed in the importance of a liberal arts 
education to our society: 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman (1969) 

Betty-Jean Blaney (1997) 

Paul and Grace Creswell (1962) 

Carl Peter Damm( 1963) 

Robert B.Hamilton (1959) 

Hope Presbyterian Church (1962) 

Lowery Howell (1975) 

Al Lang and Katherine Fage Lang ( 1959) 

Ruth Lumsden (1994) 

Jane Oesterle (1997) 

William Bell Tippetts (1960) 

Ross E. Wilson (1974) 


Ebba Aim, provides annual scholarship support for 
incoming Freshman male smdents from Florida with 
preference given to Dunedin and North Pinellas 
County. First consideration to applicants interested 
in xhe study of medicine, biolog>', or chemistry. 


Ametek Minority, established in 1999, awarded to 
Junior or Senior level students based on financial 
need and scholarly achievement with first prefer- 
ence given to minority females followed by 
minority males. It is the preference of the donor 
that students major in a management field, such as 
marketing or finance, which would lead to a career 
in an industrial manufacturing environment. 

Maria Arabia Voice, established in 1999 to 
provide support to women sopranos who have 
demonstrated music ability and an interest in 
classical training and in pursuing music as either a 
career or active avocation. 

ASPEC, established by the Academy ot Senior 
Professionals at Eckerd College to help deserving 

W. Paul Bateman, first awarded in 1978, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding male students. 

Catalina Marketing, first awarded in 1998, provides 
assistance to students based on need and merit, who 
major in infonnation technology or business and 
who are involved with the community. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, first 
awarded in 1981 to outstanding graduates of 
Central Catholic High School in Clearwater, 
Florida, made possible through gifts ot an anony- 
mous donor. 

Penelope Ellis Memorial, established in 2000 by 
EC alumnus Ian Johnson '89 in memory of his 
mother, a career school teacher. Scholarships 
awarded to four residential students majoring in 
economics and/or political science. 

Florida Independent College Fund, provides 
financial aid to students through the following 

Coca-Cola First Generation, awarded to a 
Senior who will be the first person in his or her 
family to graduate from college. 

Delta Airlines, awarded to a Junior or Senior who 
demonstrates a sincere interest in learning about 
other cultures, foreign languages or international 
relations and has a minimum 3.0 GPA. 

Florida Association of Broadcasters (LeRoy 
College Memorial), awarded to a Senior who 
has a concentration in broadcasting. 

Florida Bankers, awarded to a Senior majoring 
in business. 

Florida Conference of Black Legislators, 

awarded to an African American Florida 
resident with demonstrated need and a record of 
community service. 

Florida Maritime Industries, awarded to a 
Senior majoring in international business. 

Florida Rock Industries, awarded to a Senior 
majoring in business. 

Harcourt General, awarded to a Junior or Senior 
majoring in English, communications or business. 

United Parcel Service, awards based on need 
and merit. 

U.S. Sugar Corporation, awards based on need 
and merit. 

Wages Opportunity, awarded to present or 
former welfare recipients or children of welfare 

First Union National Bank Minority, provides 
financial assistance to minority students based on 
need and merit. 

Florida Power Corporation Minority, provides 
assistance to minority students on the basis of 
financial need and merit. 

Focardi Great Bay Distributors, first awarded in 
1993, provides financial assistance to outstanding 
students based on need and merit. Eligible recipients 
are also involved in community service activities. 

Franklin/rempleton Funds, first awarded in 1995 on 
the basis of demonstrated financial need to business 
majors with at least a 3.0 average. Eligible recipients 
are also involved in community service activities. 

Irwin Contracting, established in 2000 to provide 
assistance to students based on need and merit. 
First priority will be given to students from the 
Tampa Bay area, followed by the State of Florida. 

George W. Jenkins, established in 1988, awarded 
on the basis of demonstrated financial need. 

TI Kirbo, first awarded in 1998, awarded to 
outstanding students on the basis of need and merit. 

Marriott Management Service, awarded in 
memory of Colleen Barry, Kristin Riley, and Stacey 
Stamatiades, Freshmen at Eckerd College who lost 
their lives in a 1985 automobile accident. Awarded 
to students planning a career in health services. 

Merchants Association, first awarded in 1988, 
awarded on the basis of need and merit to students 
involved in community volunteer activities. 


Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, provides annual 
scholarships for students with financial need, with 
preference given to students from Hillsborough, 
Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, and Sarasota Counties. 

Raymond James and Associates, first awarded in 
1986, provides annual scholarships for students 
with an interest in business. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 1968, to 
outstanding residential students from Florida, 
preference given to residents of Charlotte, 
DeSoto, Manatee and Sarasota Counties. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 2000, to fund 
adult students from Charlotte, DeSoto, Manatee or 
Sarasota Counties, working full-time and enrolled 
in the Program for Experienced Learners (PEL). 

George and Karla Sherboume, first awarded in 1986, 
provides grants to needy students with preference 
given to residents of Sarasota County, Florida. 

SouthTrust Bank, first awarded in 1995, awards are 
based on a combination of need and merit. 
Recipients must maintain at least a 3.0 average and 
be inx'olved actively in service to the community. 

SunTrust Bank, provides scholarship assistance to 
minority' students with first preference to students from 
Pinellas County-, Florida, who are majoring in business. 

USAA, established in 1994, awarded annually to 
students based on need and merit. 

Lettie Pate Whitehead, provides financial aid to 
deserving Christian girls who are residents of 
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missis- 
sippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennes- 
see, or Virginia. 

Kenneth and Rosemarie Williams, established in 
2000, IS to be awarded to an outstanding student 
with financial need and majoring in marine science. 

Women's Fonmi, established by members of 
Women's Forum at Eckerd College, to be awarded 
annually to a female student with financial need, 
good academic standing and who is involved in 
campus activities. 


Joseph C. Beck (1987) 
Helen Harper Brown (1988) 
Gene Samuel Cain (1962) 
Sidney N.Trockey (1979) 


William G. McGarry Fund, in memory of William G. 
McGany, a native of St. Petersburg, Florida, respected 
businessman and civic leader, who had a life-long 
appreciation for and dedication to the marine 
environment. Established in 1993 by his family and 
friends to support student projects involving field 
research in marine or esmarine science. All marine 
science majors are eligible to apply. 

Eckerd College - BBSR Fellowship, established in 
1 994 by John and Rosemary Galbraith to provide a 
summer research fellowship for marine science students 
at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to students 
on the basis of specific criteria or skills within the 
limits of demonstrated financial need. Two 
important sources of grant funds are the federal 
government and state governments. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds by the 
Office of Education. Awards are based on need 
and range from approximately $400 to $3,300 
depending on federal funding. Application is 
made through the submission of the Free Applica- 
tion for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and listing 
Eckerd College's code 001487 on the form. The 
student will receive the Student Aid Report at the 
student's home, and Eckerd College will receive its 
copy. The student's account will then be credited 
for the amount of the student's eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional 
financial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAFSA. 


Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) are 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial 
need determined by the processing of the Free 


Application for Federal Student Aid and releasing 
the information to the State of Florida by the 
deadline date. Applicants must meet Florida 
residency requirements and attend college in 
Florida. The grants are approximately $11 00 per 
year, depending on the demonstrated need of the 
applicant and the availability of funds. For renewal, 
the recipient must earn a 2.0 cum GPA and the 
complete 24 contact hours in the academic year. 


The Florida Resident Access Grant was established 
by the State of Florida for residents of the state who 
enroll in private colleges or universities in Florida. 
The program provides approximately $2,500 per year 
regardless of financial need to help defray the cost of 
tuition at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student or a 
parent of a dependent student must have resided in 
Florida for at least one year. For renewal, the student 
must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point average 
and complete 24 credit hours during the prior 
academic year. An application must be submitted to 
the Financial Aid office yearly. 


The Florida Bright Futures Scholarship programs 
are lottery-funded programs awarded to Florida 
high school graduates who demonstrate high 
academic achievement, meet residency require- 
ments, and enroll at least half time in an eligible 
Florida school. Programs are the Florida Aca- 
demic Scholars Award, Merit Scholars Award, and 
the Gold Seal Vocational Scholars Award. Each 
has different academic criteria for eligibility and 
renewal and a different award amount. 


For a complete listing of Florida scholarship, grant, 
and teacher education programs, including 
eligibility criteria and application procedures, 
please contact the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
Office. Applicants must be Florida residents. 


These grants are available to students who rank in 
the upper one-half of their graduating class and 
demonstrate financial need. Achievement in 
various curricular and co-curricular activities is 

considered. Special consideration is given to the 
sons and daughters of Presbyterian ministers or 
missionaries in recognition of the institution's 
Presbyterian heritage and relationships. Renewal 
of Eckerd College Grants requires a 2.0 cumula- 
tive grade point average. 



Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and depen- 
dents of veterans eligible for benefits under the 
various V.A. educational progranis. Students who 
may be eligible for VA. benefits are urged to contact 
their local V.A. office as soon as accepted by the 
college, and must file an application for benefits 
through the Office of the Registrar. No certification 
can be made until the application is on file. Since the 
first checks each year are often delayed, it is advisable 
for the veteran to be prepared to meet all expenses 
for about two months. There are special V.A. 
regulations regarding independent study, audit 
courses, standards of progress, special student 
enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is the student's responsibility 
to inquire to the V.A. office concerning special 
regulations and to report any change in status which 
affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
terminated if he/she remains on probation for 
more than two consecutive semesters/terms as 
mandated by The Department of Veterans Affairs. 


In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic and 
business organizations to children of members, 
citizens, and employees. Students are encouraged to 
seek private scholarships. Information is available at 
your local library and in the Eckerd College Career 
Services and Financial Aid offices. For a free 
scholarship search, please see 


Many families whose current income and savings 
are not sufficient to finance college expenditures 
borrow funds through low interest educational 
loans to supplement their financing plans. 


(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans) 

Federal Stafford Loan applications are available 
from banks and lending agencies, and from the 
Eckerd College Financial Aid office. Depending 
upon eligibility', Freshmen may borrow up to $2,625 
per year; Sophomores may borrow up to $3,500 per 
year; and Juniors and Seniors may borrow up to 
$5,500 per year not to exceed $23,000 in their 
undergraduate work for educational expenses. 
Students must submit a Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid to establish eligibility. The 
interest rate is variable yearly not to exceed 8.25 
percent, and new borrowers have a six months 
grace period following termination of at least 
half-time school attendance before repayment must 
begin. During the time the student is in school and 
during the grace period, the federal government will 
pay the interest on behalf of the student to the 
lender. Withdrawal from college for one semester 
will cause the six months grace period to lapse and 
repayments to fall due. Repayment following the 
termination of the grace period will be at least $50 
per month. Deferment from payment is allowed for 
the return to school at least halftime enrollment, or 
for other specified conditions. Families interested in 
the program should contact the Financial Aid office 
for a loan application and current information. The 
processing of Stafford Loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 


Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans may be 
available to students who do not qualify for 
need-based Stafford Loans. Unsubsidized Fed^eral 
Stafford Loans carry the same yearly loan limits, 
interest rate, aggregate limit, and deferment 
provisions for new borrowers as do the Federal 
Stafford Loans (see above). Independent students 
may borrow a larger siun if otherwise eligible. 
However, with the Unsubsidized Federal Stafford, 
interest will accrue following the loan disburse- 
ments, and the student is responsible for the 
interest to the lending institution while the student 
is in school and during the grace period. During 
these periods, the interest may either be paid 
regularly or may be capitalized (added to the 
principal) to be paid later with the principal 
payments. The principal payments may be deferred 
(postponed) while the student is in school and 
during the grace period. Students might qualify for a 
partial Federal Stafford Loan on the basis of 

demonstrated need and receive the remainder up to 
the yearly limit (see above) in an Unsubsidized 
Federal Stafford. Students interested in the program 
should contact the Financial Aid office. The 
processing of Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan 
applications requires twelve to sixteen weeks. 


The Federal Perkins Loan (formerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program) is administered by 
the college from federal and college funds. To 
qualify for a Federal Perkins Loan, the student must 
apply to the college and demonstrate financial 
need. No interest will accrue until the beginning of 
the repayment period, nine months, following 
termination of at least half-time school attendance. 
Interest charges during the repayment period are 
only five percent per year on the unpaid balance. 


Under this program parents may bonow for 
educational purposes up to the cost of education 
without regard to need, but other assistance 
awarded the student will be taken into account. 
The college recommends that the parent(s) borrow 
no more than is absolutely necessary. A separate 
application is required for certification by the 
Financial Aid office and submission to your lending 
institution. The interest rate is variable yearly but 
cannot exceed 9 percent and repayment begins 
within sixty days of disbursement of the proceeds of 
the loan. Additional information and applications 
are available in the Financial Aid office. 


Established by Mary E. Miller '97, to provide 
short-term, no-interest "gap" loans to PEL 
students which will enable these students to 
continue their education without interruption in 
order to remain on active status. 


Eckerd College has limited institutional loan funds 
available, usually for exceptional need situations. 
For details, contact the Financial Aid office. 


Monthly payments may he arranged without 


interest, and very minimal fee by the family 
through selected companies. Contact the Student 
Accounts office, Eckerd College for current 


The Career Services office assists students in 
finding part-time employment on or off campus. 
Preference is given to students who demonstrate 
financial need. Campus employment opportunities 
include work as a clerk or secretary, a food service 
employee, a custodian or maintenance worker, 
lifeguard, or a laboratory assistant. Information on 
off-campus jobs is available through the 
Career-Services office. 

international students requiring 1-20 forms) are 
eligible for consideration for need-based financial 
aid. Awards from all sources may vary from year to 
year based on criteria established by the college 
and other private or public agencies. 


Appeals for financial aid awards or any financial 
aid question, may be made in writing. To facilitate 
the appeal process, the entering student may 
contact the Coordinator of New Student Aid and 
the returning student may obtain and return an 
appeal form from the Financial Aid office. 
Appeals are reviewed by the Financial Aid 
Appeals Committee. 


Students may qualify tor this program on the basis 
of need by submitting a Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, and may work on campus 
seven to fifteen hours per week. Eligible students 
may have the opportunity to perform community 
service through the work-study program. Students 
should contact the Career Services office concern- 
ing available community service jobs. 


A student who is a Florida resident, enrolled at 
least half-time, and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are available off 
campus and must be career related. Wages and 
hours may vary. The State of Florida will reim- 
burse the student's public school employer for one 
hundred percent of the wages, or other employers, 
seventy percent of the wages. The Career Services 
office will assist with placement and with the 
completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College may 
be renewable on an annual basis. All Eckerd 
college grants and most aid from other sources 
require a minimum cumulative grade point 
average of 2.0 for renewal. The Free Application 
for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) must be 
completed each year prior to March 1 for the 
following academic year. All students who are 
eligible to return for a subsequent year (except 



Information concerning Eckerd College's aca- 
demic programs, accreditation, costs, and other 
institutional information may be obtained from 
the web site at 
Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) students 
may contact the office of Program of Experienced 
Learners or access their web site at 


Information is available from Eckerd College 
concerning federal, state, institutional, and other 
financial assistance programs. Application 
procedures and eligibility criteria, the rights and 
responsibilities of students receiving Federal Title 
IV assistance, requirements for renewal of federal 
aid, terms of loans, exit loan counseling informa- 
tion, and the requirements for the return of federal 
aid if the student withdraws may be obtained. 
Also, the terms and conditions for deferments of 
Federal Family Education Loans for service in the 
Peace Corps and for volunteer service are avail- 
able. Residential students may obtain financial 
assistance information from the Financial Aid 
office or by accessing the Eckerd College Admis- 
sions and Financial aid web sites at Program for 
Experienced Learners (PEL) students may obtain 
financial assistance information from PEL 
Financial Services or by accessing the PEL web 
site at and click on the "Adult Degree Program 
("PEL") link. The U.S. Department of 


Education's most comprehensive resource on 
student financial is the 2000-2001 Student Guide 
for Fii'iancial Aid. It has been added to the 
Department of Education's web site at and is 
updated each year. 


Eckerd College has information available concern- 
ing the institution's athletic program. The yearly 
reports provide data pertaining to athletically- 
related student aid, total years re\'enue and total 
expenses related to athletic activities, and other 
information pertinent to the men's and women's 
teams. Please contact the Financial Aid office at 
Eckerd College for copies of the yearly reports. 


Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of donors, 
the balance of costs is paid from endowment 
income and gifts from individuals, the Presbyte- 
rian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 2000-01. All fees and expenses 
listed below are those in effect at the time of 
publication of the catalog. They are subject to 
change by the action of the Board of Tmstees. 
^XTlen such changes are made, notice will be given 
as far in advance as possible. 


The Campus Safety' Manual provides the 
institution's policies toward safety measures, 
indicates prevention and educational programs, 
outlines steps to take when safety- issues occur, and 
lists crime statistics for the institution. A copy of 
the Campus Safety? Manual may be obtained from 
the Campus Safety office at Eckerd College. 


Information concerning graduation rates at Eckerd 
College is available upon request. Graduation 
rates for students who receive athletically-related 
aid, listed by team and gender, are also available. 
Contact the Office of Institutional Research at 
Eckerd College for a copy of the report. 


Students and parents may obtain information 
pertaining to their rights under the Family 
Education Rights and Privacy Act. The proce- 
dures for obtaining and the right to review the 
student's academic and educational records may be 
requested from the Registrar's office. 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 
2000%01 academic year include two semesters 
and one short term (autumn term for Freshmen, 
winter term for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $18,565' $18,565 

Room and Board 5,110- 

Total $23.675 $18.785 

'The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations plus one short term 
during the academic year provided that no more 
than five courses are taken per semester. Students 
registering for more than five courses per semester 
or ten courses per year plus a short term course will 
be charged an additional tuition of $1,925 per 
course. A student registering for a year-long course 
may register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

-Students with home addresses outside the 
immediate vicinit^^ of the college are requested to 
live on campus. Exceptions to the requirement 
may be made with the appro\-al of the Director of 
Housing. Since resident students are required to 
participate in the board plan, all resident students 
will be charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately 
$220 per academic year is collected in addition to 
the above charges. Cost of books and supplies will 
be approximately $500 per semester. 




Tuition, iiiU'time per semester: $8,165 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $2,235 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $220 




Semester Year 

Double occupancy $ 1 ,333 $ 1 ,407 $2,380 

Double/single occupancy 1,000 795 1,795 

Single room 685 545 1,230 

Comer Double 225 175 400 

Nu'Donn 370 290 660 

Double- Oberg 224 176 400 

Single- Oberg 801 629 1,430 

Suite - Oberg-2-person 801 629 1,430 

Suite - Oberg-4-person 370 290 660 

OmegaApt.5-psn.(2dbls/lsngl) 1,030 815 1,845 

OmegaApt.4-psn.(2dbls) 1,030 815 1,845 

OmegaApt.4-psn.(4sngls) 1,315 1,045 2,360 

Base room rate ($1,288 and $1,022) has been 
included in Comprehensive Charges. Charges 
above the base rate for single occupancy of double 
room or for single room will be added to Compre- 
hensive Charges. 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in 
excess of the deposit, the balance will be charged 
to the student's account. Any balance left of the 
deposit will be refunded to the student upon 
leaving college. 









21 -meal $1,430 





15-meal 1,313 





10-meal 1,248 






Tuition per course: $ 2,235 

Students are considered part-time when they 
enroll for fewer than three courses per semester. 

Tuition per course: $ 2,235 

Fee for students enrolling in more than five courses 
per semester or ten courses per year plus a short tenn. 


Tuition per course: 

no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 

LAB FEE $50 

A fee assessed all students participating in a 
scientific laboratory. 

PET FEE $50 

Additional charge for pet on campus. 


Late payment after registration day: 

A financial charge will be assessed on all 
outstanding balances after registration date. The 

rate will be variable quarterly to 4.5% above the 
13 -week Treasury Bill rate. 

Late physical examination (for new students who 
have not had physical examination by registration 

day): $50. 



A fee accessed to all students not participating in 
the Registration/Financial Clearance held in the 
library for fall and spring terms. 


Acceptance Fee ( new students ) : $ 1 00 

A fee required of new students upon acceptance 
by Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and 
will be applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Application Fee (new students): $25 

This fee accompanies the application for admis- 
sion submitted by new students. 


Credit by Examination Fee: $935 

A fee for an examination to detennine proficiency 
in a particular subject to receive course credit. 

Lost Key Fee: Resident students are issued keys to 
their rooms. The fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 

Orientation Fee : ( Freshmen only ) : $ 1 00 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for Freshmen. 

Re-Examination Fee: $200 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2 

There is a $2 charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $40 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons are 
not taken for credit, and are fees in addition to 
regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $535 $ 1 ,070 

One half hour per week $268 $536 


Accident Insurance (Plan I) is provided by the 
college and covers the student for the academic 
year (9 months) at no charge. All full-time 
students are automatically enrolled in the major 
medial (Plan II) expanding the accident insurance 
to cover sickness as well as accidents for a full 12 
months. Participation in this plan is automatic 
unless a signed waiver card is returned to the 
business office. 
Plan II: $80 

as such payments remain unpaid, may not receive 
transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a defened payment 
plan. Students desiring monthly payment plans 
must make arrangements through the following 

EFG Technologies, Inc. 

P.O. Box 3011 

Winston Salem, NC 27102-3011 


All anangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and the tuition financing 


The college has limited funds for emergency 
short-term loans up to $50. These loans must be 
paid within a maximum thirty day period. 
Students should apply to the Business office for 
such loans. 


If a student does not enroll for the winter or 
autumn short term, the Federal Pell Grant, Federal 
Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, 
Federal Perkins Loan, and the Eckerd College 
grant and scholarship awards will be reduced by 12 
percent of the yearly award. Also, as the cost of 
education will be reduced, it may be necessary to 
reduce other need-based assistance. These policies 
will stand even though the student may make up 
the winter or autumn term credit in another term 
or semester. 


Students should come prepared to pay all charges 
on the day of registration or should have payments 
from home mailed to reach the Eckerd College 
business office at least two weeks prior to the date 
of registration. No student shall be permitted to 
register for a given semester until all indebtedness 
for prior terms has been paid in full. Mastercard, 
Visa, American Express, and Discover payments 
are accepted by telephone or written request. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college are 
subject to dismissal from the college and, as long 


If a student who is receiving financial aid is 
enrolled in only Directed Study or Independent 
Study courses and the student is not enrolled in an 
Eckerd College travel abroad program the 
enrollment will be reviewed. The student may 
receive a markedly reduced cost of education with 
a greatly reduced financial aid package. 




1 . Complete a withdrawal form in the Student 
Affairs office 

2. Have the withdrawal form signed in the Financial 
Aid office. If you have been awarded the Federal 
Stafford Loan, you must have exit counseling. 

3 . If you have been awarded the Federal Perkins 
Loan or an institutional loan, you must complete 
exit counseling for those loans in the Student 
Loan office located in the Business office. 

4. Return the withdrawal form to the Student 
Affairs office and schedule an appointment for 
a brief interview with the Dean of Students. 

5. Go to the Housing office and complete a 
room inventory. 

6. Go to the Student Accounts office to 
determine the status of your account, and 
determine what refunds must be returned to 
applicable assistance programs and, if 
applicable, to the student (see pertinent 
infomiation in sections below). 

Please note additional information in the Eckerd 
College Financial Guide concerning withdrawal 
policies and procedures. 


All charges for a term will be canceled, except the $ 100 
non-refundable reservation deposit after May 1 , and 
payments will be refunded if a written cancellation 
request is received prior to the first day of classes for that 
term. Also, a full refund of tuition and registration fees 
paid prior to the commencement of classes for that term 
will be made if a student submits a written request of 
cancellation to the Student Accounts office within 
three working days of the payment. 


First, see if the Cancellation and Withdrawal 
Policy for all Students applies. If not, students 
withdrawing from Eckerd with no federal financial 

aid will receive credit for tuition for the semester 
as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days No Credit 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days of 
the first day of a short term (autumn/winter 
terms), except new students at Eckerd with federal 
financial aid, will receive credit for tuition as 

Within 7 days 50% 

Within 15 days 25% 

After 15 days No Credit 

Room charges for resident students will not be 
canceled for the semester of withdrawal. Any 
portion of a meal ticket will be credited on a pro- 
rata basis in whole weeks only. 

Institutional grants and scholarship credits will be 
pro-rated on the same percentage basis as the tuition 
credit listed above for a semester or short term. 


First, see if the Cancellation and Withdrawal Policy 

for all Students applies. If not, use the specific federal 
formula which applies, depending on whether the 
student is a new student or a continuing student at 
Eckerd College, to calculate the charges and credits 
for tuition, fees, room, and board. 


It is important to note that a new student who 
withdraws during a semester will typically owe a balance 
to die college because of the loss of aid and because only 
a certain percentage of charges are canceled. 

If a student at Eckerd with Financial Aid withdraws 
during the semester, the guidelines below will apply: 


Eckerd College Grants or Scholarships will be 
prorated based on days completed through 
60% of the payment period. 

Florida Aid will be granted only it the 
withdrawal occurs after the end of the drop 
and add period for Fall and Spring semester. 

Whether or not Federal Aid is granted is 
dependent on a specific Federal formula, 
which is applied to students at Eckerd 
through 60% of the payment period. The 
earned aid for tuition, fees, room and board 
will be generally proportioned through 60% 
of the payment period. By the Federal 
formula, it is determined whether any refund 
must be returned first, by the institution, and 
second, by the student, to Federal Aid 
accounts. The application of refunding 
occurs in the following order: Federal 
Unsubsidized Stafford Loan, Federal Subsi- 
dized Stafford Loan, Federal Perkins Loan, 
Federal PLUS, Federal Pell Grant, Federal 
Supplemental Educational Opportunity' 
Grant, other Federal Title IV assistance. 

If the student has unpaid charges to Eckerd 
College, any unremaining portion of a refund 
that was to be returned to the student will 
first be applied to the unpaid charges at 
Eckerd College. 

Additional student information and sample 
calculations are in the Financial Aid Office. 


Any student or parent may appeal any decision 
made concerning a refund of Title IV Federal 
assistance in relation to the withdrawal policies 
described above. The appeal may be addressed to 
the Director of Financial Aid at the Financial Aid 
office, Eckerd College. 


Students who default on any Federal Title IV Loan 
or an Eckerd College institutional loan will have 
their academic transcript at Eckerd College 

withlield. The Registrar may not release the 
academic transcript until the college receives 
notification in writing from the applicable 
guarantee agency, the Department of Education, 
or other holder of the defaulted loan, that the 
default status have been resolved. 

Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy are 
as follows: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Supplemental Loan for Students (SLS) 
(prior borrowers) 

Federal Plus Loan 

Institutional loans affected by this policy are: 

Ben Hill Gnffm 

Helen Harper Brown 
Beck Donor 

Students in default status on any Federal Title IV 
Loan who request a Financial Aid Transcript will 
have the default status noted on the form. 
Students in default on any Federal Title IV Loan 
may receive no additional federal assistance at any 
school until the default status is resolved. 

To resolve the default status, the borrower holding a 
Federal Perkins Loan or institutional loan should 
contact the Eckerd College Smdent Loan office. The 
borrower holding a defaulted Stafford, SLS or PLUS 
Loan should contact the lender and guarantee agency. 
Provisions may be obtained for satisfactory' arrange- 
ments for repayment to resolve the default staais. Also, 
consolidation of federal loans or other a\'enues may be 
available to resolve the default status. 

The Registrar's office will also withhold the academic 
transcript for the students who withdrew or gradu- 
ated from Eckerd College owing a balance on their 
student account. To resolve the debt, the smdent 
should contact the Student Accounts office. 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 
Tom Oberhofer 

Chair. Behavioral Science Collegium 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., Fordham University 
M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 

Anthony R. Brunello 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 
Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University of California, Davis 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 

Salvatore Capobianco 
Professoi- of Psychology 
B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 
Ph.D., Rutgers University 

Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 

William F. Felice 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University of Washington 
M.A., Goddard College 
Ph.D., New York University 

Michael G. Flaherty 
Professor of Sociology 
B.A., M.A., University of South 

Ph.D., University of Illinois 

Diana L. Fuguitt 

Projessoi' of Economics 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 

Edward T. Grasso 

Professor of Decision Sciences 
B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 

Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
and State University 

Peter K. Hammerschmidt 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 

Marjorie Sanfilippo Hardy 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 
B.S., Mary Washington College 
Ph.D., University of Miami 

James R. Harley 

Professor of Physical Education 
Director of Athletics 
B.S., Georgia Teachers College 
M.A., George Peabody College 

John Patrick Henry 

Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.S., University of South Carolina 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 

Jeffrey A. Howard 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 

Shiping Hua 

Assistant Professor of Political ScierKe 

B.A., Tianjin Foreign Language 
Institute, China 

M.L., Chinese Academy of Social 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
Darryl B. Lanoue 

Assistant Professor 0/ Management 

B.A., Brandeis University' 

M.B.A.,Br>'ant College 

Ph.D., University of Rhode Island 
Linda L. Lucas 

Professor of Economics 

B.A., University of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, New 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State Universit>' 
Mary K. Meyer 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., M.A., University of South 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Donna Marie Oglesby 

Diplonmt in Residence 

B.A., Washington College 

M.A., Columbia University 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A, Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D., Tulane 
Richard L. Wallace 

Assistant Professor of Enrironmental 

B.A., University of Vermont 

Ph.D., Yale University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

William H. Parsons 

Chair, Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Professor of History and Russian Studies 
B.A., Grinnell College 
M.A., Har\''ard University 
Ph.D., Indiana University 
Victoria J. Baker 

Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Sweet Briar College 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Leiden, Netherlands 

Balbir B. Bhasin 

Assistant Professor of Internationa! 

B.A., Lakehead University, Ontario, 

M.A., TTie American Graduate School 
of International Management 

Thomas J. DiSalvo 

Associate Projessor of Spanish 
B.A., Hillsdale College 
M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

Anna R. Dixon 

Assistant Professor of Anthropobgy 
B.A., University of South Carolina 
M.A., University of Tennessee 

Yolanda Molina Gavilan 

Assistant Professor of Spanish 
B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., University' ot Oregon 
Ph.D., Arizona State University 

Lee B. Hilliker 

Assistant Professor 0/ French 
B.A., University of Florida 
M.A., Florida State University 
Ph.D., Duke University 

Margarita M. Lezcano 

Associate Professor of Spanish 
B.A, Florida International University 
M.A., University of Florida 
Ph.D., Florida State University 

Naveen K. Malhotra 

Associate Professor of Management and 

M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 

Antonio Melchor 

Assistant Professor of Italian and 

B.A., University of California at 

M.A., Yale University 
Ph.D., Yale University 

Martha B. Nichols-Pecceu 
Associate Professor of French 
B.A., Centre College 
M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 

Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 
B.A., Brandeis University 
M.A.T, Harvard University 

WUliam Pyle 

Harold D. Holder Professor of 
Management and 
International Business 
B.B.A., University of Notre Dame 
M.A., Butler University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Hendrick Serrie 

Professor of Anthropobgy and 

International Business 
B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern 


Steven L. Sizoo 

Assistant Professor of Management and 

International Business 
B.S., University- of Southern 

M.B.A., University' of Southern 


Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

V. Sterling Watson 

Chair, Creative Arts Colle^um 
Professor of Literature and Creative 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of Florida 

Albert Howard Carter, 111 

Professor of Comparative Literature and 

B.A., University of Chicago 
M.A., Ph.D., University' of Iowa 

Nancy Corson Carter 
Professor of Humanities 
B.A., Susquehanna University 
M.A., Ph.D, University of Iowa 

Mark J. Castle 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 
B.A., University of Leeds, England 
M.EA. University of Memphis 

Joan Osbom Epstein 
Professor of Music 
B.A., Smith College 
M.M., Yale University School of 

Sandra A. Harris 

Professor of Human Development 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Virginia 
Commonwealth University 

Nancy G. Janus 

Associate Professor of Human 

B.A., Wells College 
M.Ed., University of Hartford 
Ed.D., University of Massachusetts 

Pamela C. Miller 

Director of the Oral Communication 

F arris and Victoria Rahall Assoc. Prof. 

of Communication 
M.A., B.A., Purdue University 
Ph.D., University' of Southern 

Brian Ransom 

Assistant Professor of Visual Arts 
B.EA., New York State College of 

M.A., University of Tulsa 
M.F.A., Claremont Graduate School 

Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 
B.A., University of Denver 
M.A., Columbia University 
Ph.D., University of Utah 

Arthur N. Skinner 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Marion Smith 

Associate Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, 
St. Louis 
Claire A. Stiles 

Professor of Human Development 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Cynthia Totten 

Associate Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.F.A., Southern Illinois University 

Ph.D., University' of Nebraska 
Kirk Ke Wang 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.F.A., M.EA., Nanjing Normal 
University, China 

M.EA., University of South Florida 
D. Scott Ward 

Associate Professor of Creative Writing 
and Literature 

B.S., Auburn University 

M.A., University of South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Associate Dean for Faculty Devebpment 
and Intergenerational Learning 

Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 

Faculty of the Collegium 
of Letters 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Chair, Letters Collegium 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

Nathan Andersen 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.S., Brighman Young University 
Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University 

Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Associate Professor ofReli^ous Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Jewel Spears Brooker 
Professor of Literature 
B.S., Stetson University 
M.A., University of Florida 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 

David J. Bryant 

Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Harding College 

M.A., Abilene Christian College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton TTieological 
Andrew Chittick 

E. Leslie Peter Assistant Professor of 
East Asian Humanities 

B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., M.A., Louisiana State 

Ph.D., Emory University 
Bamet R Hartston 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.A., University of California, Los 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California, 
San Diego 
Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Samford University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California 
Kyle A. Keefer 

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Baylor University' 

M. Div., Princeton Theological 

M.A., Baylor University 
William B. Kelly 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Wittenberg University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Gary S. Meltzer 

Associate Professor of Classics 

B.A., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Yale 
Gregory B. Padgett 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Stetson University' 

M.A., Ph.D., Florida State University 
Robert C. Wigton 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., State University* of New York, 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University' of 
New York, Buffalo 


Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

David D. Grove 

Chair, Naturcd Sciences Collegium 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., California State University, San 

Ph.D., University' of California, Los 

Meredith P. Blue 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., University of California, Santa 

Ph.D. The University of Te.xas at 

W. Guy Bradley 

Associate Professor of Molecular 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Ph.D, University of South Florida 

College of Medicine 
Gregg R. Brooks 

Associate Professor of Marine Science 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of South 

Anne J. Cox 

Assistant Professor of Physics 
B.S., Rhodes College 
Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Kelly Debure 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 
B.S., Christopher Newport University 
M.S., The College of William and 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
Steven H. Denison 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., Ph.D., Baylor University 
Harry W. Ellis 

Professor of Physics 

B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 

Eduardo Fernandez 

Assistant Professor of Physics/ 

B.S., University of Wisconsin- 

Eau Claire 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin- 
Mark B. Fishman 

Associate Professor of Computer Science 
B.A., Temple University 
M.A., University of Texas 
Elizabeth A. Forys 

Assistant Professor of Environmental 

B.A., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Florida 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Professor of Computer Science 
B.Sc, University of Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 

Southwestern Louisiana 

Wayne Charles Guida 

Associate Professor of Biochemistry 
B.A., Ph.D., University of South 

David W. Hastings 

Assistant Professor of Marine Chemistry 
B.S., Princeton 
M.S., Ph.D., University of 

Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Pfeifter College 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 

Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc, Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of Victoria, 

David Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 

Jeannine M. Lessman 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Maryland 
Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Peter A. Meylan 

Associate Professor of Biology 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of 

Nanette M. Nascone 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., Eckerd College 
Ph.D., Harvard University 

John E. Reynolds, III 
Professor of Biology 
B.A., Western Maryland College 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 

David A. Scholnick 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.A., University of San Diego 
M.A., College of William and Mary 
Ph.D., University of Colorado at 

R. Chris Schnabel 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., Ph.D., University of Wyoming 

Nancy Frances Smith 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Washington, 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California, 
Santa Barbara 

Alan L. Soli 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

William A. Szelistowski 

Associate Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Florida 
Ph.D., University of Southern 

Joel B. Thompson 

Associate Professor of Marine 

B.S., M.S., California State 

B.S., Ph. D., Syracuse University 
Walter O. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., Eckerd College 
M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 
Stephen P. Weppner 

Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.A., The State University of New 

York at Geneseo 
Ph.D., Ohio University 
Laura Reiser Wetzel 

Assistant Professor of Marine 

B.S., Beloit College 
Ph.D., Washington University 

Foundations Collegium Faculty 

Anthony R. Brunello 

Foundations Collegium Chair 
Behavioral Science Coilegium 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters Collegium 

Library Faculty 

Edward I. Stevens 

Director, Library Services 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Harvard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Helene Ellen Gold 

Electronic Services Librarian arid 

Assistant Professor 
B.A., M.S., State University of New 

York at Albany 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Technical Seri'ices Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., The State University' of New 

York, Geneseo 
M.L.S., Kent State University 
David W. Henderson 

Instructional Services and Collection 

Development Librarian 

B.A., University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Florida State University 

Intercollegiate Athletics 

James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 

Professor of Physical Education "--.. 

William J. Mathews 
Head Baseball Coach 
Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
M.Ed., University of South Florida 



Peter H. Armacost 

B.A., Denison University 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 


Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor of Marketing arid 
International Business 

M.B.A., Columbia University 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social 
Richard R. Bredenberg 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

Ph.D., New York University 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

Ph.D., Georgetown University 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities and 

Ph.D., Yale University 
James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus of Visual Arts 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Sarah K. Dean 

Professor Ementa of Human 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University Teachers 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Language 
and Literature 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Sheila D. Hanes 

Professor Ementa of Biology 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Keith VV. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professcrr Emeritus of Asian Studies and 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor Err\eritus of German 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Billy H. Maddo.x 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., University of South Carolina 

Robert C. Meacham 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., Brown University 

William F. McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

J. Peter Meinke 

Professor Emeritus of Literature 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 
Ph.D., Indiana University 

Peter A. Pav 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
Ph.D., Indiana University 

George K. Reid 

Professor Emeritus of Biobgy 
Ph.D., University of Florida 

Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of 

Christian Education 

William B. Roess 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 
Ph.D., Florida State University 

Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 

J. Thomas West 

Professor Eineritus of Psychology and 

Human Develofmient 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 

William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., Columbia University 



Awarded each year at Commencement 


Waiiam B. Roess 


J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Biology 

Professor of Literature 


Julienne H. Empric 


Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of Literature 

Professor of American Studies 


J. Thomas West 


Diana Fuguitt 

Professor of Psychology and 

Associate Professor of Economics 

Human Development Services 


Arthur N. Skinner 


A. Howard Carter, III 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

Professor of Comparative 


Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Literature and Humanities 

Associate Professor of History 


Peter K. Hammerschmidt 


Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Economics 

Associate Professor of Psychology 


Molly K. Ransbury 


M. Suzan Harrison 

Professor of Education 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 


John E. Reynolds, III 


Victoria J. Baker 

Associate Professor of Biology 

Associate Professor of Anthropobgy 


James G. Crane 


David Kerr 

Professor of Visual Arts 

Assistant Professor of Matherrmtics 


Tom Oberhofer 


William E Felice 

Professor of Economics 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 


Kathryn J. Watson 


Jeffrey A. Howard 

Professor of Education 

Associate Professor of Psychology 




Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 
George P. E. Meese 
Professor of Rhetoric 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 


Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 

1994 William B. Roess 

Professor of Biohgy 

1995 Molly K. Ransbury 

Professor of Education 

1996 Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Professor of Political Science and 
Associate Dean of Faculty for General Education 

1997 Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education and Associate Dean for 
Faculty Development and Intergenerational Education 

1998 John E. Reynolds, 111 
Professcrr of Biology 

1999 Mark H.Davis ' 
Professor of Psychology 




Lloyd W. Chapin 

Acting President 
Lisa A. Mets 

Executive Assistant to the President 
B.A., University' of Michigan 
M.A., Indiana University* 
Ph.D., Universit\' of Michigan 


Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 
Professor of Philosophy and Religion 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminar,', New York 
James J. Annarelli 

Associate Dean ai\d Director of the 
Center for the 
Applied Liberal Arts 
B.A., M.A., St John's University' 
M.Phil., Ph.D., Drew University- 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Dean of Faculty for General 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University' of California, 

M.S., Ph.D., University' of Oregon 
Diane L. Ferris 

Director, International Education and 

Off-Campus Programs 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University' of South Florida 
K. Russell Kennedy 

B.S., Northeastern University' 
M.Ed., Suffolk University' 
Sharon Setterlind 

Director of Inforviation Techiwbgy 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M.S., National-Louis University 
Edward L Stevens 

Director of Information Service & 

Director of Library Senices 
Professor of Information Systems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Har\'ard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderhilt University 
Kathryn J. Watson 

.Associate Dean of Faculty 
Development and 
Intergeneratioruil Learning 
Professor of Education 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
Larry E. Wood 

Director, JnstrMctional Technology 

B.S., M.S., Kansas State University 


Jessica S. Kom 

Director of Institutional Research 

arid Planning 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 

California Los Angeles 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 
UniversiD,', England 

Ph.D., Columbia University' 
Maria J. Alou 

Assistant Dean 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Kathy Dunmire Ralph 

Associate Dean of Admissions and 

Coordinator of New Student 
Firwncia! Aid 

B.A., Mar^-ville College 
Danielle Staker 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M. Kemp Talbott 

Director of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Paul E. Honsinger 


B.A., Eckerd College 
Justin F. Fappiano 


B.A., Eckerd College 


Margaret W. Morris 

Director of Financial Aid 
B.S., University- of Arkansas 
M.A., Wake Forest University 

Mary E. Buffone 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 
B.A., Worcester State College 

M. Joan Kaplan 

Associate Director for Florida 

Programs and PEL 
B.A., Eckerd College 


James E. Deegan 

Dean of Special Programs 

B.S., State University of New York, 

M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 
Dana E. Cozad 

Director, Program for Experienced 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M.S.W., Florida State University 
James E. Frasier 

Director, Conrinuing Education 

B.S., The Ohio State University 
M.Ed., University of Cincinnati 
Cheryl Chase Gold 

Director, Conferences and Summer 

B.A., City College of New York 
Robert K. Prescott 

Director, Management Development 

B.S., University' of Alabama 
Ph.D., Perm State 


Thomas Miller 

Dean of Stu<ients 
B.S., Muhlenberg College 
M.S., Ed.D, Indiana University 
Mona Bagasao 

Acnng Associate Chaplain 
B.Mus. Webster University' 
M.Div., Pacific School of Religion, 
Berkeley, CA 
Lillie M. CollinS'Philogene 

Director of Multicultural Affairs 
B.A., University of South Florida 
M.A., California State Uni\-ersir^- 
William C. Covert 

Associate Dean of Students 
Director, Waterfront Activities 
James R. Harley 
Director, Athletics 
Professor of Physical Education 
M.S., Peabody College 
Kathryn Philliben 

Associate Dean , Residential Life 
B.A., Oakland University- 
M.S., Winona State University- 
Lena Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 
Director, Career Seriices 
B.A., M.A., University of South 


Merle F. Allshouse 


B.A., DePauw University 

M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 



WiUiam Pyle 


Harold D. Holder Professor of 

Management and Intematioiwl 



Beverly Yarborough 

Joanne DiBlasio 

Director of Personnel 
B.A., Eckerd College 
J. Tom Meiners 

Director, Facilities Management 


Rick Haskins 

Vice President for Development 

BA., Point Park College 

MA., George Washington 
Deborah-Kay Hughes 

Director of Development and Alumni 

BA, Eckerd College 

MA, American University 
Benjamin J. Jacobson 

Vice President for Church Relations 

B.A, Augustana College 

M.Div, Union Theological 
Gordon Leffingwell 

Director of Planned Giving 

B.S, Western Michigan University 
Catherine McGarry 

Dii'eclor of Commwiity and 
Corporate Relations 

B.S, M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Connie Rifenburg 

Director of Records and Information 
Scott Rivinius 

Director of Major Gifts 

B.A, Eckerd College 

M.A., Universityof Michigan 


Anne Chapin Wetmore 


B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 


Ross Bannister 

Director of Public Relations 

B.A., St. Andrews 

Presbyterian College 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Assistant Director of Public Relations 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Christopher Price 

Graphic Designer 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, sexual orientation, creed, race or color, or 
national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment policies as required by federal and state legislation. 
Inquiries regarding compliance with discrimination laws may he directed to Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 33711 (727) 867-1166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 




Miles C. Collier 

George Off 

Vice Chairman 
Beth A. Houghton 

Second Vice Chairman 
Lloyd W. Chapin 

Acting President 
Lisa A. Mets 



Mr. Payton F. Adams 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Dr. Robert H. Atwell 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. John A. Brabson, Jr. 

Brabson Investments, Inc. 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 

Collier Enterprises 

Naples. Florida 
Mrs. Jacqueline Cotman 

]NC PiMshing 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. John T. DeBevoise 78 

Palmu Ceia Presbyterian Church 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Susan E DeWyngaert 

First Presbyterian Church 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Fazal A. Fazlin 

Practical Software Creations 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Hon. David J. Fischer 

Mayor, City oj St. Petersburg 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Jeffrey L. Fortune 

St. Pete Beach, Fbnda 
Ms. Elizabeth A. Gould 

Color Corporation oj America 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. James G. Hascall 

Prime.v Technob^es 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Ms. Anne M. Hoemer 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Ms. Beth A. Houghton 

Houghton Capital Partners , LLC 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Kenneth A. Jacobsen '73 

Law Offices of Kenneth A. facobsen 

Media, Pennsylvania 
The Rev. Dr. Charles E. Jones, III 

First Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Vemer (Bob) C. Jordan, Jr. 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. James E. MacDougald 

Ceridian Benefits Senices 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. James R. Malone 

HMI Industries 

Naples, Florida 
Dr. Theodore J. Marchese 

Amencan Assoc, for Higher Education 

Washington, DC 

Mrs. Mary E. Miller '97 

Lo)igboat k'e)', Floricii 
Dr. James D. Moore, Jr. '68 

Drs. Glot-er & Moore, PC 

Abingdon, Virginia 
Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 

O.F. Mossberg (S? Sons, Inc. 

North Haven, Connecticut 
Mr. Frank A. Newman 

TajTipa, Florida 
Mr. Helmar E. Nielsen 

Caroliria Profile 

Galax, Virginia 
Mr. George W. Off 

Catalina Marketing Corporation 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. E. Leslie Peter 

Leslie Peter & Company 

Brandon, Florida 
Dr. Bluford H. Putnam, III '72 

CDC Investment Management Corp. 

New York, New York 
Mr. George A. Raftelis '69 

Raftelis Financial Consultants 

Charlotte, North Caroliiw. 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III '65 

Attorney at Law 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Steven A. Raymund 

Tech Data Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. James M. Reed '69 

Williams, Reed, et. al. 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Roger P. Richardson 

Central Florida Presbytery 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. William P. Ripberger '65 

Rou'a\'ton, Connecticut 
Mr. RN. Risser, III 

Risser Oil Corporation 

Cleanvater, Florida 
Ms. Marsha Griffin Rydberg 

The Rydberg Law Firm, PA 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Trisha Lyons Senterfitt '68 

Fii'st Presbyterian Church 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Mrs. Deedie M. Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

JME, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. Gary R. Sperduto'74 

Sperduto & Associates 

Atlanta, Georgia 
The Rev. Frederick D. Terry 

Tnnit}' Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Gerald L. Tyer 

Presbytery of Tampa Bay 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. David L. Warren 


Washington, DC 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

Whitcomb Associates, Inc. 

Naples, Florida 

Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Wittner Co7npanies 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn, Jr. '64 

Sa/ei}''K'leen Corp). 
Columbia, South Carolina 


Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greeni'ille , Soiah Carolina 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

Houston, Texas 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Providence, Rhode Island 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. John Wm. Galbraith 

Galbraith Properties, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Sarah Belk Gambrell 

Charlotte , North Carolina 
Dr. Gay C. Gilanyi 

New York, New York 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Naples, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder, Sr. 

Reno, Nevada 
Mr. WiUiam R. Hough 

William R. Hough & Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Althea H. Jenkins 

Association of College & Research 

Chicago, Illinois 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

SunTrust, Nature Coast 

Brooksiille , Florida 
Mrs. Christina L. Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Mrs. Wyline Chapman Sayler 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Elirabeth A. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. Martha Rudy Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Flcnida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mr. W. M. Zemp 

Crystal Rii'cr, Florida 


Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach, Florida 




Fri., Aug. 11 
Sat., Aug. 12 
Wed., Aug. 23 
Tues., Aug. 29 
Wed., Aug. 30 
Fri., Sept. 1 


Thurs., Aug. 31 

Fri., Sept. 1 
Mon., Sept. 4 
Wed., Sept. 5 
Thurs., Sept. 14 
Mon.-Tues., Oct. 9-10 
Fri., Oct. 13 
Fri., Oct. 27 
Wed., Nov. 8 
Thurs.'Fri., Nov. 23-24 
Fri., Dec. 8 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 11-15 
Sat., Dec. 16 


Tue., Jan. 2 
Wed., Jan. 3 

Thurs., Jan. 4 
Fri., Jan. 5 

Mon., Jan. 15 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 25-26 
Fri., Jan. 26 


Sun., Jan. 28 
Mon., Jan. 29 

Tues., Jan. 30 
Thurs., Feb. 8 
Fri., Feb. 23 - Feb.25 
Sat., Mar. 24 
Mon., April 2 
Tues., April 3 
Thurs., April 5 
Fri., April 6 
Wed., April 11 

Thurs.-Fn., April 12-13 
Fri., April 20 
Fri., May 11 
Mon.-Fri., May 14-18 
Sat., May 19 

Sun., May 20 
Mon., May 21 


May 28-July 20 
May 28-June 22 
June 25-July 20 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins. 

Completed Freshmen preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned to Registrar. 

Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester. 

Orientation for new students. 

End of autumn term. 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for tall semester courses. 

Midterm holiday. 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the Registrar. 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes. 

Last day of classes 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon. 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation for winter term. 

Returning students do not need to check in with Registrar . 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term . 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project or withdraw 

from winter term with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter tenn ends. 

Residence houses open at noon. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for-spring semester, all students. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses. 

Parents Weekend 

Spring recess begins. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 2002-2003 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 2002, and return them to 

the Registrar 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Goof Friday, no classes. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 pm. for non-Seniors who are not attending 



Residence houses close at 4:00 pm. for all students. 

Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 




Fri., Aug. 10 
Sat., Aug. 11 
Wed., Aug. 22 
Tues., Aug. 28 
Wed., Aug. 29 
Fri., Aug. 31 


Thurs., Aug. 30 

Fri., Aug. 31 
Mon., Sept. 3 
Wed., Sept. 5 
Thurs., Sept. 13 
Mon.'Tues., Oct. 8-9 
Fri., Oct. 12 
Fri., Oct. 26 
Wed., Nov. 7 
Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 22-23 
Fri., Dec. 7 

Mon.-Fri., Dec. 10-14 
Sat., Dec. 15 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins. 

Completed Freshmen preference sheets for fail semester courses are returned to Registrar. 

Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester. 

Orientation for new students. 

End of autumn term. 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period tor fall semester courses. 

Midterm holiday. 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the Registrar. 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes. 

Last day of classes 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 


Wed., Jan. 2 
Thurs., Jan. 3 

Fri., Jan. 4 
Mon., Jan. 7 

Mon., Jan. 21 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 24-25 
Fri., Jan. 25 


Sun., Jan. 27 
Mon., Jan. 28 

Tues., Jan. 29 
Thurs., Feb. 7 
Fri., Feb. 22 - Feb.24 
Sat., Mar. 23 
Mon., April 1 
Tues., April 2 
Thurs., April 4 
Fri., April 5 
Wed., April 10 

Thurs.-Fri., April 11-12 
Fri., May 10 
Mon.-Fri., May 13-17 
Sat., May 18 

Sun., May 19 
Mon., May 20 


May 27-July 19 
May 2 7 -June 21 
June 24-July 19 

Residence houses open at noon. 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation for winter term. 

Returning students do not need to check in with Registrar . 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day ot winter term . 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project or withdraw 

from winter term with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter term ends. 

Residence houses open at noon. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for-spring semester, all students. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses. 

Parents Weekend 

Spring recess begins. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 2002-2003 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 2002, and return them to 

the Registrar 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 pm. for non-Seniors who are not attending 



Residence houses close at 4:00 pm. for all students. 

Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 


INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5, 138 

Academic Credit 21 

Academic Exemption Petitions 17 

Academic Minor 27 

Academic Polities 17 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 22 

Academy of Senior Professionals 17 

Accreditation 1 

Admission 108 

Early Admission 109 

Equivalency Certificates 109 

Freshman 108 

International Students 110 

Procedures after Acceptance 109 

Transfer Students 108 

Adult Education 15 

Advanced Placement 1 10 

Afro-American Society 106 

Alumni Association 16 

American Studies 27 

Anthropology 28 

Area of Concentration/Major 21 

Art 30 

Athletics 107 

Auditing Classes 25 

Autumn Term 5, 103 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biology 33 

Board of Taistees 137 

Calendar, Academic 5, 138 

Campus Life 104 

Career Services Program 14 

Chemistry 35 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Transcript 9 

College Entrance Examinations 108 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 1 10 

College Program Series 18 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Literature 38 

Composition 38 

Composition Competency Requirement 17 

Comprehensive Examinations 19 

Computer Science 40 

Costs 124 

Course and Major Descriptions 27 

Course Requirements 17 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 27 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creative Writing 41 

Credit, Academic 21 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 105 

Dance 98 

Day Students 107 

Dean's List 25 

Deferred Admissions 110 

Degree Requirements, B.A 17 

Degree Requirements, B.S 19 

Demonstrated Proficiency 22 

Directed Study 21 

Directed Study Courses 43 

Dismissal, Academic 24 

Early Admissions 109 

Economics 45 

Employment on Campus 123 

Engineering Dital Degree Program 11 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 105 

Environmenta! Perspective Courses 47 

Eni'ironmental Studies 47 

Examination, Comprehensive 18 

Expenses 124 

Experienced Learners, Program for 15 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 24 

Faculty and Administration 130 

Fees 124 

Financial Aid Ill 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 112 

Employment 123 

Grants 120 

Loans 122 

Renewals 123 

Scholarships 1 14 

Veterans' Benefits 121 

Withdrawal Refund 127 

Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 19, 49 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement 18 

Foundations Collegium 7, 103 

French 74 

Gender and Women's Studies 99 

General Education 6 

Geography 50 

German 75 

Global Affairs ar\d International Relations 60 

Global Perspective Courses 50 

Grade Reports 23 

Grading System 22 

Graduation Requirements 17 

Grants 120 

Health Form 107 

Health Services 107 

History 51 

Honors at Graduation 25 

Honors Program 19, 54 

Honor Societies 20 

Human Development 54 

Humanities 56 

Human Resource Institute 11 

Incomplete Grades 22 

Independent Study 21 

Information Technology Competency 18 

International Business 56 

International Education 13 


Iniei-imtioiyil Education Courses 59 

International Students 15 

International Student Admission 1 10 

Inte-niational Rekitions and Gbbal Affairs 60 

Interivitional Studies 62 

Insurance 126 

Interview, Admission 109 

Italian 76 

Japanese 76 

Latin 62 

Letters, Collegium of 8 

Library 9 

Literature 69 

Loans 122 

London Offerings 59 

Major/Area of Concentration Requirements 17 

Major and Course Descriptions 27 

Management 66 

Marine Science 69 

Mat/iemati'cs 72 

Medical Technology 73 

Mentors 5 

Minor, Academic 27 

Modem Languages 74 

Music 77 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Oral Competency Requirement 18 

Organizations and Clubs 106 

Payment Methods 126 

Personnel aryi Human Resource Management 79 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 17 

Philosophy 80 

Philosophy IReligion 82 

Physical Education 82 

Physics 82 

Policies, Academic 21 

PoIiticaJ Science 83 

Pre-Professiorml Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 23 

Program for Experienced Learners 15 

Psychological Services 106 

Psychology 87 

Quantitative Competency Requirement 18 

Quest for Meaning 89 

Readmission of Students 1 1 1 

Refunds 127 

Registration 25 

Religious Life 106 

Religion! Philosophy 82 

Religious Studies! Reli^ous Education 89 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 17 

College Program Series 18 

Requirements for Degree continued 

Composition Competency 17 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 19 

Foreign Language Competency 18 

Information Technology Competency 18 

Major/Area of Concentration 18 

Oral Competency 18 

Perspective Courses 18 

Quantitative Competency 18 

Residency 17 

Transfer Students 19 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 18 

Winter Term 17 

Residency Requirement 17 

Resident Adviser Internship 91 

Room and Board 125 

ROTC 12,91 

Russian Studies 93 

St. Petersburg, the City 104 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 23 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 112 

Scholarships 114 

SeaSemester 14,94 

Semester Abroad 13 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 19 

Senior Seminars 94 

Sociology 95 

Sfianis/i 76 

Special Academic Programs 10 

Statistics 96 

Student Activities 105 

Student Government 105 

Student Life 104 

Student Publications 105 

Student Record Policy 25 

Summer Term 15 

SummerTerm Abroad 13 

Theatre 97 

Theses, Senior 19 

Transfer Admission 108 

Transfer of Credit 109 

Transfer Student Requirements 19, 108 

Tuition and Fees 125 

Veteran's Benefits 121 

Visual Arts 30 

Waterfront Program 106 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 18, 99 

Winter Term .'. 6, 99 

Winter Term Abroad 13 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 127 

Withdrawal from College 25 

Withdrawal Grades 24 

Women's and Gender Studies 99 

Writing Center l'- 

Year Abroad 13 




St. Pete Beach >► 

Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, visit with our professors and students, 
and take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the academic calendar before 
planning your visit. We ask only one thing of you: give us some advance notice of 
your arrival. Call us or drop us a line-the Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm on weekdays, from 9:00 
am to noon on Saturday; summer hours are weekdays 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. 

For best results, please direct all correspondence prior to your acceptance to the 
Dean of Admissions. 



For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs 

Adult Programs 


Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs 

Events at the College 

Financial Aid to Students 

Financial Assistance to the College 

Payment of Fees 

Student Housing, Interests, and Counseling 

Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement 

Dean of Faculty 
Dean of Special Programs 
Dean of Admissions 
Director of Alumni Relations 
Vice President for Finance 
Director of Public Relations 
Director of Financial Aid 
Vice President for Development 
Student Accounts 
Dean of Students 
Coordinator, Summer School 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday through Friday 
from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. Visitors desiring inter\'iews with members of the staff are urged to make 
appointments in advance. 


4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711 
Telephone (727) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 (Admissions) 


St, Petershurgj Florida